AP

Quotes I found

  1. telegraphy did something that Morse did not foresee when he prophesied that telegraphy would make “one neighborhood of the whole country.” It destroyed the prevailing definition of information, and in doing so gave a new meaning to public discourse. Among the few who understood this consequence was Henry David Thoreau, who remarked in Walden that “We are in great haste to construct a magnetic telegraph from Maine to Texas; but Maine and Texas, it may be, have nothing important to communicate.... We are eager to tunnel under the Atlantic and bring the old world some weeks nearer to the new; but perchance the first news that will leak through into the broad flapping American ear will be that Princess Adelaide has the whooping cough.

    Neil Postman
  2. Television screens saturated with commercials promote the Utopian and childish idea that all problems have fast, simple, and technological solutions.

    Neil Postman
  3. Pride is thin ice, a poor substitute for that rock-like, real strength that comes from courage, acceptance, or peace.

    David Hawkins
  4. We are only subject to a negative thought or belief if we are consciously say that it applies to us.

    David Hawkins
  5. The historian Carl Schorske has, in my opinion, circled closer to the truth by noting that the modern mind has grown indifferent to history because history has become useless to it; in other words, it is not obstinacy or ignorance but a sense of irrelevance that leads to the diminution of history.

    Neil Postman
  6. ... the injunctions not to steal or kill apply everywhere, and everywhere the moral order is in some way related to the idea of eternity. In any case, it's been shown time and again that without that relationship to eternity, any moral order will always necessary collapse.

    Václav Havel
  7. The Internet is not a "truth" medium, it is an information medium.

    Neil Postman
  8. We Americans seem to know everything about the last twenty-four hours but very little of the last sixty centuries or the last sixty years.” Terence Moran, I believe, lands on the target in saying that with media whose structure is biased toward furnishing images and fragments, we are deprived of access to an historical perspective. In the absence of continuity and context, he says, “bits of information cannot be integrated into an intelligent and consistent whole.”

    Neil Postman
  9. ... almost no one has attempted to analyze either the reasons for the mood of antiglobalization or the errors of the INPEG, or the source of the aggressiveness of the aggressors, or the rather sad role played by media in all this.

    Václav Havel
  10. Pain is inevitable. Suffering is optional.

    Haruki Murakami
  11. The individual is more important than the system. — The individual is of first importance, not the system. Remember that man created method and not that method created man, and do not strain yourself in twisting into someone’s preconceived pattern, which unquestionably would be appropriate for him, but not necessarily for you.

    Bruce Lee
  12. Infacing grief, we often have to acknowledge and let go of our shame and embarrasment about having the feeling in the first place.

    David Hawkins
  13. The love is free of fear and charaterized by non-attachment. Fear of loss energizes undue attachment and possessiveness. For example, the man who is insecure about his girlfriend is very jealous.

    David Hawkins
  14. I am an opponent of every obsession, because I consider obsessions the most dangerous of social phenomena. Thus I am also an opponent of market fundamentalism and dogmatism... But the law of profit does not guarantee anything meaningful in itself. I mention it here because market dogmatism is the part of ideology of "standardness"... I really don't know why I should, on the basis of injunction from on high, choose a standard wife, a standard flat, amass money and material goods in the standard way, and think in a standard fashion.

    Václav Havel
  15. Above all, the new Left—and its overwhelmingly youthful constituency—rejected the inherited collectivism of its predecessor. To an earlier generation of reformers from Washington to Stockholm, it had been self-evident that ‘justice’, ‘equal opportunity’ or ‘economic security’ were shared objectives that could only be attained by common action. Whatever the shortcomings of over-intrusive top-down regulation and control, these were the price of social justice—and a price well worth paying.

    Tony Judt
  16. My own regular subject of contemplation was the same: the devastating process of change - in individuals, in countries, and in systems.

    Czesław Miłosz
  17. Commercial television adds to the Decalogue several impious commandments, among them that thou shalt have no other gods than consumption, thou shalt despise what is old, thou shalt seek to amuse thyself continuously, and thou shalt avoid complexity like the ten plagues that afflicted Egypt.

    Neil Postman
  18. But the Founding Fathers did not foresee that tyranny by government might be superseded by another sort of problem altogether, namely, the corporate state, which through television now controls the flow of public discourse in America.

    Neil Postman
  19. In principle ... I believe that there are cases when it is possible and proper to go to the aid of innocent people, even at the cost of violating state sovereignty. In one of the speaches I said: a state is the work of humans, a human being is the work of God. What I meant was that defending human beings is a higher responsibility than respecting the inviolability of a state.

    Václav Havel
  20. No matter how mundane some action might appear, keep at it long enough and it becomes a contemplative, even meditative act.

    Haruki Murakami
  21. To express in freedom. — To express yourself in freedom, you must die to everything of yesterday. If you follow the classical pattern, you’re not understanding the routines, the traditions; you are not understanding yourself.

    Bruce Lee
  22. The psychological basis of all grief and mourning is attachment. Attachment and dependence occur because we feel incomplete with ourselves; therefore we seak objects, people, releationships, places, and concepts to fulfil inner needs.

    David Hawkins
  23. The mind has no dimensions or size and is not limited in space; therefore, the mind transmits its basic state via vibrational energy over an unlimited distance. This means that we are routinely and unwittingly affect others by our emotional state and thoughts. Emotional patterns and their associated thought forms, for instance, can be picked up and received consciously by psychics at a great distance. This can be demonstrated experimentally, and the scientific basis for this has been a subject of great interest in advanced quantum physics.

    David Hawkins
  24. The absence of standards creates unease even among the most notorious violators. I experienced that in prison. Even the worst criminals would have been very upset if the head of the state were to clearly approve of something criminal. Everyone has to play his own role: it's up to the president to say you shouldn't steal, and it's up to the thief to steal.

    Václav Havel
  25. How can I help students to get an idea? ... One of the ways that seem to help is to ask them to survey their stock of beliefs, choose one of them that they hold deeply, and then argue that its opposite is true. The result is often liberating, and provides confirmation of the commonplace that playing with language is an important means of making discoveries.

    Neil Postman
  26. Pride infers subtly that there is room for debate and that the worth of something is open to question.

    David Hawkins
  27. Newspapers should get out of information business and into the knowledge business.

    Neil Postman
  28. ... since a person who, without intending to lie, sys that he saw or understood a certain thing ought to be believed more than a thousand others who deny it merely because they could not have seen it or understood it: just as, in the discovery of the antipodes, the testimony of a few sailors who sailed around the earth was believed rather than a thousand philosophers who could not believe it was round.

    Czesław Miłosz
  29. It is odd that we have no word for serendipity's close by but troublesome cousin, especially because it is more common variety of experience. I refer to a situation in which someone looks to one thing, discovers a more valuable thing, but doesn't know it. I propose the word columbusity, if honor of Christopher Columbus.

    Neil Postman
  30. To be surrendered means to have no strong emotion about a thing: "It's okay if it happens, and it's ok if it doesn't." When we are free, there is a letting go of attachments. We can enjoy a thing, but we don't need it for out happiness. There is progressive diminishing of dependence on anything or anyone outside of ourselves. These principles are in accord with the basic teaching of Buddha to avoid attachment to wordly phenomena, as well as the basic teaching of Jesus Christ to "be in the world but not if it."

    David Hawkins
  31. I stop everyday right at the point where I feel I can write more. Do that, and the next day's work goes surprisingly smoothly. I think Ernest Hemingway did something like that. To keep on going, you have to keep up the rhythm. This is important thing for long-term project.

    Haruki Murakami
  32. When we truly love something and, thereby, becone one with it, it is because we see its intrinsic perfection. In fact, its "faults" are part and parcek of its perfection, for all that we see in the universe is in the process of becoming. In that process, its perfect evolution is part of that perfection. Thus the half-unfolded flower is not an imperfect flower that needs defence. On the countrary, its blossoming is proceeding with precise perfection according to the laws of universe. Likewise, each and every individual on the planet is unfolding, growing, learning, and reflecting that same perfection.

    David Hawkins
  33. I think that the moral order stands above the legal, political, and economic orders, and that these latter orders should derive from the former, and not be techniques for getting around its imperatives. And I believe that this moral order has a metaphysical authority in the infinite and the eternal.

    Václav Havel
  34. In the last analysis, every life is realization of a whole, that is, of a self, for which reason this realization can be called "individuation". All life is bound to individual carriers who ralize it, and it is simply inconceivable without them. But every carrier is charged with an individual destiny and destination, and the realization of this alone makes sense of life.

    Carl Jung
  35. Sometimes I have the impression that the main ideal of our state is to exploit and disfigure our country to the hilt in the interest of a somewhat problematic consumer paradise for the present generation and to slap the face or kick the shins of anyone who resists this.

    Václav Havel
  36. Human being should not be passive. When they get together, they should be interacting with each other. They should be solving problems, or they should be making things.

  37. What do I mean by "knowledge"? I define knowledge as organized information - information that is embedded in some context; information that has a purpose, that leads one to seek further information in order to understand something about the world.

    Neil Postman
  38. Immense number of people maintain themselves with jobs that are dishonest. At the bottom of their heart they know this, but in their feverish bustling they try to prove to themselves and to others that if not for them the globe would stop turning. The peasant is honest because his energy is transformed into the bread. The artisan is honest because he makes over wood ... or metal.

    Czesław Miłosz
  39. We may ... be so preoccupied with defending ourselves against attach that we are unable to recognize when our enemy is inadvertently helping our case. That is why Napoleon warned his generals that they must never interrupt an enemy when he is in the process of committing suicide.

    Neil Postman
  40. Ignorance is blind. — Those who are unaware they are walking in darkness will never seek the light.

    Bruce Lee
  41. ... we will need a revolution of "heads and hearts," as Masry called it, a kind of general awakening, an emphasis on seeking an alternative to the established and shopworn and very technocratic political parties...

    Václav Havel
  42. Growth for the sake of growth is the ideology of the cancer cell.

    Edward Abbey
  43. The thing that had happened in Spain was, in fact, not merely a civil war, but the beginning of a revolution. It is this fact that the anti-Fascist press outside of Spain has made it special business to obscure. The issue has been narrowed down to "Fascism versus democracy" and the revolutionary aspect concealed as much as possible. In England, where the Press is more centralized and the public is more easily deceived than elsewhere, only two versions of the Spanish war have had any publicity to speak of: the Right-wing version of Christian patriots versus Bolsheviks dripping with blood, and the Left-wing version of gentelmanly republicans quelling a millitary revolt. The central issue has been successfully covered up.

    George Orwell
  44. ... everything that exists has its own purpose and system. We just don't know, and we never will know, how to understand it. But there's probably a reason for that too.

    Václav Havel
  45. Feelings come and go and eventually you realize that you are not your feelings. But the real "you" is merely witnessing them. You stop identifying with them. The "you" that is observing and is aware of what is happening always stays the same.

    David Hawkins
  46. When one has knowledge, one knows how to relate information to one's life, and, especially knows when information is irrelevant.

    Neil Postman
  47. Could we invent a more powerful, more soulful, more meaningful way to work together, if only we change our belief system?

    Frederic Laloux
  48. Within each person, there is the child, parent, and adult. When grief comes up, it is rewarding to ask, "Within myself, is it child, parent, or adult that is the source of this feeling?" For example, the "child" within a person is scared that something will happen to a beloved dog. It wonders, "How will I make it?" The inner adult also feels grief, but the adult accepts the inevitable. The little kitty or doggie is not immortal. The adult in us regretfully accepts that impermanency is a reality of life. We accept that our youth is not permanent, that many romantic relationships are not life-long, and that our dog will die one day.

    David Hawkins
  49. ... I'm convinced that my existence - like everything that has ever happened - has ruffed the surface of Being, and that after my little ripple, however marginal, insignificant, and ephemeral it may have been, Being is and always will be different from what it was before. All my life I have simply believed that what is once done can never be undone and that, in fact, everything remainds forever. In short, Being has a memory. And thus even my insignificance - as a bourgeois child, a laboratory assistant, a soldier, a stagehand, a playwright, a dissident, a prisoner, a president, a pensioner, a public phenomenon, and a hermit, an alleged hero but secretely a bundle of nerves - will remain here forever, or rather not here, but somewhere. But not, however, elsewhere. Somewhere here.

    Václav Havel
  50. We live in a world of intermediaries, and intermediaries for intermediaries, in a world of lobbyists, consultants, PR agents. People are paid by others to introduce someone to someone else, who will advise them how to make money on something that someone else has created. How is it possible that our population remains constant and yet we have more and more intermediaries.

    Václav Havel
  51. The nonsense was over at last. That long-dreaded fulfillment had freed us from self-reassuring lies, illusions, subterfuges; the opaque had become transparent; only a village well, the roof of a hut, or a plow were real, not the speeches of statesmen recalled now with ferocious irony.

    Czesław Miłosz
  52. Beating somebody else just does't do it for me. I'm much more interested in whether I reach the goals that I set for myself.

    Haruki Murakami
  53. Terror and destruction were for export, not for home use; on the contrary, they served to enrich one's home country. Wretched humanity beyond one's own frontiers was simply a material to be cut and shaped as one pleased.

    Czesław Miłosz
  54. A discovery is a discovery, and an idea is an idea. Its source is irrelevant.

    Neil Postman
  55. Tyrants of all varieties have always known about the value of providing the masses with amusements as a means of pacifying discontent. But most of them could not have even hoped for a situation in which the masses would ignore that which does not amuse. That is why tyrants have always relied, and still do, on censorship. Censorship, after all, is the tribute tyrants pay to the assumption that a public knows the difference between serious discourse and entertainment—and cares. How delighted would be all the kings, czars and führers of the past (and commissars of the present) to know that censorship is not a necessity when all political discourse takes the form of a jest.

    Neil Postman
  56. ...the pursuit of public goods to a view of the world best summed up in Margaret Thatcher’s notorious bon mot: “there is no such thing as society, there are only individuals and families”.

    Tony Judt
  57. The sacred journey is taken alone. — Each man must seek out realization himself. No master can give it to him.

    Bruce Lee
  58. Under normalization, no one believed in any ideal any longer, and the most successful were simply the most cynical.

    Václav Havel
  59. Anger results from prior refusal to accept the fact that all relationships and possessions in this life are transitory.

    David Hawkins
  60. You thought that you were the victim of your feelings. Now you see that they are not the truth about yourself; they are merely created by the ego, that collector of programs which the mind has mistakenly believed are necessary for survival.

    David Hawkins
  61. The worst thing about television news or radio news is that there is no reason offered for why information is there; no background; no connectedness to anything else; no point of view; no sense of what the audience is supposed to do with the information.

    Neil Postman
  62. Democracy has to be born every generation, and education is its midwife.

    John Dewey
  63. Einstein once famously said that problems couldn’t be solved with the same level of consciousness that created them in the first place.

    Frederic Laloux
  64. We are, to use his (AP: Korzybski) phrase, "time-binders", while plants are "chemistry-binders", and animals are "space-binders". Chemistry-binding is the capacity to transform sunlight into organic chemical energy; space-binding, the capacity to move about and control a physical environment. Human have these capacities, too, but are unique in their ability to transport their experience through time. As time binders, we can accumulate knowledge from the past and communicate what we know to the future.

    Neil Postman
  65. Nineteenth-century science fostered a completely naïve picture of history by creating contempt in the popular mind ... for more complicated factors than mechanistic, material ones - in a sense, Hitler took Darwinism, "the struggle for existence" and the "survival of the fittest", to seriously, and by identifying history with nature he ignored the limits of blind force. That naïve outlook was overcome in Marx's analysis, and all the errors of his successors may be due to their neglect of his intention.

    Czesław Miłosz
  66. The beauty of language is that it can never capture precisely what it wants. Language is disconnected, hard, digital as it were, ..., it can never completely capture something as connected as reality, experience, or our souls.

    Václav Havel
  67. Writer has a quiet, inner motivation, and doesn't seek validation in the outwardly visible.

    Haruki Murakami
  68. America is, in fact, the leading case in point of what may be thought of as the third great crisis in Western education. The first occurred in the fifth century B.C., when Athens underwent a change from an oral culture to an alphabet-writing culture. To understand what this meant, we must read Plato. The second occurred in the sixteenth century, when Europe underwent a radical transformation as a result of the printing press. To understand what this meant, we must read John Locke. The third is happening now, in America, as a result of the electronic revolution, particularly the invention of television. To understand what this means, we must read Marshall McLuhan.

    Neil Postman
  69. Our principle means of accomplishing binding of time is symbol. But our capacity to symbolize is dependent upon and integral to another process, which Korzybski called "abstracting". Abstracting is the continuous activity of selecting, omitting, and organizing the details of reality so that we experience the world as patterned and coherent. Korzybski shared with Heraclitus the assumption that the world is undergoing continuous change and that no two events are identical. We give stability to to our world only through our capacity to re-create it by ignoring differences and attending to similarities: although we know that we cannot step into the "same" river twice, abstracting allows us to act as if we can.

    Neil Postman
  70. Thoughts are fakes, absurd make-beliefs that obscure the truth. Pursuing thoughts can keep us occupied endlessly. We will discover one day that we are right where we started. Thoughts are like gold fish in a bowl; the real Self is like the water. The real Self is the space between the thoughts, or more exactly, the field of silent awareness underneath all thoughts.

    David Hawkins
  71. ... man will carry the complete truth about himself to the grave, though someone, in the end, will know that truth after all: if not the Lord God, then at least the great memory of Being.

    Václav Havel
  72. We are presented with a world of "and"s, not "because"s. This happened, and then this happened, and then something else happened.

    Neil Postman
  73. I finally obeyed Martin Luther's advice: when asked what he would do if he knew tomorrow was going to be the end of the world, he said, "I would plant apple trees".

    Czesław Miłosz
  74. The world economy no longer pays you for what you know; Google knows everything. The world economy pays you for what you can do with what you know... We see a rapid decline in the demand for routine cognitive skills in our world and the kinds of things that are easy to test and easy to teach are also the kinds of things that are easy to digitize, automate, and outsource.

    Andreas Schleicher
  75. The Fates lead him who will; him who won't, they drag.

    Seneca
  76. The only unexpected feature in the Spanish situation -- and outside Spain it has caused an immense amount of misunderstanding -- is that among tge parties of the Government side the Communist stood not upon the extreme Left, but upon the extreme Right. In reality this should cause no surprise, because the tactics of the Communist Party elsewhere, especially in France, have made it clear that Official Communism must be regarded, at any rate for the time being, as an anti-revolutionary force. The whole of Comintern policy is now subordinated (excusably, considering the world situation) to the defence of U.S.S.R., which depends upon a system of military alliances. In particular, the U.S.S.R. is in alliance with France, a capitalist-imperialist country. The alliance is of little use to Russia unless French capitalism is strong, therefore Communist policy in France has got to be anti-revolutionary.

    George Orwell
  77. The smaller we feel within, the more we have to compensate for an inner sense of inadequacy, unimportance, and valuelessness by the substitution of the emotion of pride.

    David Hawkins
  78. Associated with the feeling of grief is always a variable amount of guilt. This is based on the fantasy that the loss represents a punishment or that a different attitude or behavior would have prevented it from happening.

    David Hawkins
  79. ...every time humanity has shifted to a new stage, it has invented a new way to collaborate, a new organizational model.

    Frederic Laloux
  80. I mean by wisdom the capacity to know what body of knowledge is relevant to the solution of significant problems. Knowledge is only organized information. It is self-contained, confined to a single system of information about the world. One can have a great deal of knowledge about the world but entirely lack wisdom. That is frequently the case with scientists, politicians, entrepreneurs, academics, even theologians.

    Neil Postman
  81. Not everything important is measurable and not everything measurable is important.

    Elliot Eisner
  82. the major educational enterprise now being undertaken in the United States is not happening in its classrooms but in the home, in front of the television set, and under the jurisdiction not of school administrators and teachers but of network executives and entertainers. I don’t mean to imply that the situation is a result of a conspiracy or even that those who control television want this responsibility. I mean only to say that, like the alphabet or the printing press, television has by its power to control the time, attention and cognitive habits of our youth gained the power to control their education.

    This is why I think it accurate to call television a curriculum. As I understand the word, a curriculum is a specially constructed information system whose purpose is to influence, teach, train or cultivate the mind and character of youth. Television, of course, does exactly that, and does it relentlessly. In so doing, it competes successfully with the school curriculum. By which I mean, it damn near obliterates it.

    Neil Postman
  83. But just as our consciousness is a maze, so too is our body. Everywhere you turn there is darkness and a blind spot. Everywhere you find silent hints, everywhere a surprise is waiting for you.

    Haruki Murakami
  84. Had I been given the chance, perhaps I would have blown the country to bits, so that mothers would no longer cry over the seventeen year-old sons and daughters who died on the barricades, so that the grass would no longer grow over the ashes of Treblinka and Majdanek and Auschwitz, so that the notes of a harmonica played under the nightmarish pits and dunes of the city outskirts. Because there is a kind of pity that is unbearable. And so one blows it all up, at least in one's mind; that is, one is possessed by a single desire: not to look.

    Czesław Miłosz
  85. Little Prince:

    "In those days, I didn't understand anything. I should have judged her according to her actions, not her words. She perfumed my planet and lit up my life. I should never have run away! I ought to have realized the tenderness underlying her silly pretensions. Flowers are so contardictory! But I was too young to know how to love her."

    Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
  86. To the work alone you are entitled, never to its fruits.

    Krishna
  87. If government is the problem and society does not exist, then the role of the state is reduced once again to that of facilitator.

    Tony Judt
  88. Admitting mistakes. — Mistakes are always forgivable, if one has the courage to admit them.

    Bruce Lee
  89. Humans live in two worlds - the world of events and things, and the world of words about events and things. In considering the relationship between these two worlds, we must keep in mind that language does much more than construct concepts about the events and things in the world; it tells us what sort of concepts we ought to construct. For we do not have a name for every thing that occurs in the world. Languages differ not only in their names for things but in what things they choose to name.

    Neil Postman
  90. We always feel ourselves from the inside other than people see us - the clothes we wear are not our skin - but this revolt against the roles society imposes on us has many pitfalls.

    Czesław Miłosz
  91. Knowledge cannot judge itself. Knowledge must be judged by other knowledge, and therein lies the essence of wisdom.

    Neil Postman
  92. Little Prince:

    "You confuse everything... You've got it all mixed up! ... I know a planet inhabited by a red-faced gentleman. He's never smelled a flower. He's never looked at a star. He's never loved anyone. He's nevr done anything except add up numbers. And all day long he says over and over, just like you, "I'm a serios man! I'm a serious man!" And that puffs him up with pride. But he's not a man at all - he's a mushroom!"

    Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
  93. If we achieve a certain goal for the pleasure, enjoyment, love of accomplishment, and the inner joy that it brings to us, we are invulnerable to the reactions of others.

    David Hawkins
  94. With acceptance, resistance to the true nature of the facts has been relinquished; thus, one of the signs of acceptance is serenity. With acceptance, the stuggle is over and life begins anew. The energies that were bound up in the previous negative emotion are now freed up, so that the healthier aspects of the personality are now re-energized.

    David Hawkins
  95. The commandments are as follows:

    Thou shalt have no prerequisites

    Every television program must be a complete package in itself. No previous knowledge is to be required. There must not be even a hint that learning is hierarchical, that it is an edifice constructed on a foundation. The learner must be allowed to enter at any point without prejudice. This is why you shall never hear or see a television program begin with the caution that if the viewer has not seen the previous programs, this one will be meaningless. Television is a nongraded curriculum and excludes no viewer for any reason, at any time. In other words, in doing away with the idea of sequence and continuity in education, television undermines the idea that sequence and continuity have anything to do with thought itself.

    Thou shalt induce no perplexity

    In television teaching, perplexity is a superhighway to low ratings. A perplexed learner is a learner who will turn to another station. This means that there must be nothing that has to be remembered, studied, applied or, worst of all, endured. It is assumed that any information, story or idea can be made immediately accessible, since the contentment, not the growth, of the learner is paramount.

    Thou shalt avoid exposition like the ten plagues visited upon Egypt

    Of all the enemies of television-teaching, including continuity and perplexity, none is more formidable than exposition. Arguments, hypotheses, discussions, reasons, refutations or any of the traditional instruments of reasoned discourse turn television into radio or, worse, third-rate printed matter. Thus, television-teaching always takes the form of story-telling, conducted through dynamic images and supported by music. This is as characteristic of “Star Trek” as it is of “Cosmos,” of “Diff’rent Strokes” as of “Sesame Street,” of commercials as of “Nova.” Nothing will be taught on television that cannot be both visualized and placed in a theatrical context.

    The name we may properly give to an education without prerequisites, perplexity and exposition is entertainment.

    Neil Postman
  96. When children aren't given the space to struggle through things on their own, they don't learn to problem-solve very well. They don't learn to be confident in their own abilities, and it can affect their self-esteem. The other problem with never having to struggle is that you never experience failure and can develop an overwhelming fear of failure and of disappointing others. Both the low self-confidence and the fear of failure can lead to depression or anxiety.

    Chris Meno
  97. I had dropped more or less by chance into the only community of any size in Western Europe where political consciousness and disbelief in capitalism were more normal than their opposites. Up here in Aragon one was among tens of thousands of people, mainly though not entirely of working-class origin, all living at the same level and mingling on terms of equality. In theory it was perfect equality, and even in practice it was not far from it. There is a sense in which it would be true to say that one was experiencing a foretaste of Socialism, by which I mean that the prevailing mental atmosphere was that of Socialism. Many of the normal motives of civilized life -- snobishness, money-grubbing, fear of the boss, etc -- had simply ceased to exist.

    George Orwell
  98. ... there is a scientific basis for the observation that self-awareness is increased much more rapidly by observing feelings rather than thoughts. The thought associated even with one feeling may literally run into the thousands. The understanding of the underlying emotion and its correct handling is, therefore, more rewarding and less time-consuming than dealing with one's thoughts.

    David Hawkins
  99. (AP: Korzybski's) non-Aristotelian perspective requires that we learn and internalize the most up-to-date assumptions and understandings about the structure of the world: the word, for example, is not a thing; no two events in the world are identical; no one can say everything about an event; things are undergoing continuous change; et cetera.

    Neil Postman
  100. King:

    "One must command from each what each can perform. Authority is based first of all upon reason."

    Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
  101. You got to be very careful if you don’t know where you’re going, because you might not get there.

    Yogi Berra
  102. Americans accepted their society as if it had arisen from the very order of nature; so saturated with it were they that they tended to pity rest of humanity for having strayed from the norm, If I at least understood that all was not well with me, they did not realize the opposite disablement affected them: a loss of the sense of history and , therefore, of a sense of the tragic, which is only born of historical experience.

    Czesław Miłosz
  103. Editorials merely tell us what to think. I am talking about telling us what we need to know in order to think. That is the difference between mere opinion and wisdom. It is also the difference between dogmatism and education. Any fool can have an opinion; to know what one needs to know to have an opinion is wisdom; which is another way of saying that wisdom means knowing what questions to ask about knowledge.

    Neil Postman
  104. Pride, like all the other negative emotions, engenders guilt. Guilt engenders fear. Fear means potential loss. Pride, therefore, always means a loss of peace of mind.

    David Hawkins
  105. I'm stuck by how, except when you are young, you really need to prioritize in life, figuring out in what order you should divide up your time and energy. If you don't get that sort of system set by a certain age, you'll lack focus, and your life will be out of balance.

    Haruki Murakami
  106. One may also assume that what is called “computer literacy” does not involve raising questions about the cognitive biases and social effects of the computer, which, I would venture, are the most important questions to address about new technologies.

    Neil Postman
  107. It was precisely such a blinkered understanding of the operations of a market economy which had led, in his view, to the abyss. Why, then, did we in our own times revert to a similar confusion, reducing public conversation to a debate cast in narrowly economic terms? For the Keynesian consensus to be overthrown with such consummate ease and apparent unanimity, the counter-arguments must have been forceful indeed. They were, and they did not come out of nowhere.

    Tony Judt
  108. King:

    "Then you shall pass judgement on yourself. That is the hardest thing of all. It is much harder to judge yourself than to judge otehrs. If you succeed in judging yourself, it's because you are truly a wise man."

    Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
  109. Self-knowledge involves relationship. — To know oneself is to study oneself in action with another person. Relationship is a process of self-revelation. Relationship is the mirror in which you discover yourself — to be is to be related.

    Bruce Lee
  110. Pliability is life. — Be pliable. When a man is living, he is soft and pliable; when he is dead, he becomes rigid. Pliability is life; rigidity is death, whether one speaks of man’s body, his mind, or his spirit.

    Bruce Lee
  111. If you design a system to do something specific, don't be surprised if it does it. If you run an education system based on standardization and conformity that suppresses individuality, imagination, and creativity, don't be surprised if that's what it does.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  112. The symbolic form of television does not require any special instruction or learning. In America, television-viewing begins at about the age of eighteen months, and by thirty-six months children begin to understand and respond to television imagery... There is no need for any preparation or prerequisite training for watching television... Watching television requires no skills and develops no skills. That is why there is no such things as remedial television-watching. That is also why you are not better today at watching television than you were five years ago, or ten.

    Neil Postman
  113. We have reached a stage where we often pursue growth for growth’s sake, a condition that in medical terminology would simply be called cancer.

    Frederic Laloux
  114. I rather like imagining a time when, in addition to op-ed pages, we will have "wisdom pages", filled with relevant questions about the stories that have been covered, questions directed at those who offer different bodies of knowledge from those which the stories themselves confront. I can even imagine a time when the news will be organized, not according to the standard format of local, regional, national, and world news, but according to some other organizing principle - for example, the seven deadly sins of greed, lust, envy, and so on.

    Neil Postman
  115. My flower is ephemeral, the little prince said to himself, and she has only four thorns with which to defend herself against the world! And I've left her all alone where I live!

    Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
  116. You can be part of the change. To do that, you need three forms of understanding: a critique of the way things are, a vision of how they should be, and a theory of change for how to move from one to another.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  117. One had been in a community where hope was more normal than than apathy or cynicism, where the word "comrade" stood for comradeship and not, as in most countries, for humbug.

    George Orwell
  118. Handling a crisis from the emotional rather than intellectual level will shorten its duration dramatically. In the case of someone who loses a job, handling it from the intellectual level will produce thousands of thoughts and hypothetical scenarios. The person suffers through many sleepless nights due to the racing thoughts about the situation as the mind reviews it over and over again.

    David Hawkins
  119. Enjoy yourself. — Remember my friend to enjoy your planning as well as your accomplishment, for life is too short for negative energy.

    Bruce Lee
  120. There are two ways by which the spirit of a culture may be shriveled. In the first—the Orwellian—culture becomes a prison. In the second—the Huxleyan—culture becomes a burlesque.

    Neil Postman
  121. The most important thing we ever learn at school is the fact that the most important things can't be learned at school.

    Haruki Murakami
  122. All their aggressiveness had been channeled into the struggle for money, and that struggle made them forget the bloody lessons of the Civil War. Later on, every one of them had so trained himself to forget, that during the depression he regarded unemployment as shameful proof of his own personal inability. I esteemed these men; I was an admirer of their America. At least no one here could justify his laziness by sighing: "If only nations were not predestined, if it weren't for the Czar, if it weren't for the government, if it weren't for the bourgeoisie ..." But paradoxically, that triumph of the individual had wrought an inner sterility; they had souls of shiny plastic. Only the Negroes, obsessed like us ..., were alive, tragic and spontaneous.

    Czesław Miłosz
  123. Trying to be witty leads to lying, more or less.

    Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
  124. Television erases the dividing line between childhood and adulthood in two ways: it requires no instruction to grasp its form, and it does not segregate its audience. Therefore, it communicates the same information to everyone, simultaneously, regardless of age, sex, level of education, or previous condition of servitude.

    Neil Postman
  125. Maturity vs. maturing. — There is no such word as “maturity.” Rather: maturing. Because when there is a maturity, there is a conclusion and a cessation. That’s “the end.” That’s when the coffin is closed.

    Bruce Lee
  126. We live now in a world to too much information, confusing specialized knowledge, and too little wisdom.

    Neil Postman
  127. Aims of education are to enable students to understand the world around them and the talents within them so that they can become fulfilled individuals and active, compassionate citizens.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  128. Why had liberal Austria collapsed and given way to fascism?

    Tony Judt
  129. Nobody cares how much you know, until they know how much you care.

    Theodore Roosevelt
  130. Snake:

    "It's also lonely with people."

    Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
  131. Gratitude is one of the antidotes of pride. If we happen to be born with high IQ, we can be greatful for it rather than take pride in it.

    David Hawkins
  132. On past, present, and future. — My friend, do think of the past in terms of those memories of events and accomplishments which were pleasant, rewarding, and satisfying. The present? Well, think of it in terms of challenges and opportunities, and the rewards available for the application of your talents and energies. As for the future, that is a time and a place where every worthy ambition you possess is within your grasp.

    Bruce Lee
  133. In the Huxleyan prophecy, Big Brother does not watch us, by his choice. We watch him, by ours.

    Neil Postman
  134. The theme music came up and Sassoon had just time enough to say, "Don't go away. We'll be back with a marvelous new diet and then a quick look at incest".

    Neil Postman
  135. ... every life crisis carries within it the kernels of a reversal, a renewal, an expansion, a leap in consciousness, and a letting go of the old and birth of the new.

    David Hawkins
  136. Flower:

    "People? ... you never know where to find them. The wind blows them away. They have no roots, which hampers them a good deal."

    Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
  137. We can begin by looking at our lives, identifying those areas of attachment , and asking ourselves: "What internal needs are the satisfying? What feeling would come up if I were to lose them? How can my inner emotional life be balanced so as to decrease the extent, degree, and number of attachments on external objects and people?"... We can ask ourseleves why we feel so incomplete. "Why am I so empty within myself that I have to search fir solution in the form of attachment and dependency on others?"

    David Hawkins
  138. Green is powerful as a paradigm for breaking down old structures, but often less effective at formulating practical alternatives.

    Frederic Laloux
  139. Television if relentless in both revealing and trivializing all things private and shameful.

    Neil Postman
  140. If everyone consumed at the same rate as the average person in North America, we're told the planet could sustain a maximum population of 1.5 billion.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  141. I am well aware that it is now the fashion to deny that Socialism has anything to do with equality. In every country in the world a huge tribe of party-hacks and sleek little professors are busy "proving" that Socialism means no more than a planned state-capitalism with the grab-motive left intact. But fortunately there also exist a vision of Socialism quite different from this. The thing that attracks ordinary men to Socialism and makes them willing to risk their skins for it, the "mystique" of Socialism, is the idea of equalty; to the vast majority of people Socialism means classless society, or it means nothing at all.

    George Orwell
  142. The way of yin-yang. — When one wishes to expand, one must first contract. When one wishes to be strong, one must first be weak. When one wishes to take, one must first give. Everything in this world has the alternative of existence and nonexistence (positive and negative)

    Bruce Lee
  143. And he felt very unhappy. His flower has told him she was the only one of her kind in the whole universe. And here were five thousand of them, all just alike, in just one garden!

    She would be very annoyed, he said to himself, if she saw this... She would cough terribly and pretended to be dying, to avoid being laughed at. And I'd have to pretend to be nursing her; otherwise, she'd really let herself die in order to humiliate me.

    And then he said to himself, I thought I was rich because I had just one flower, and all I own is an ordinary rose. That and three volcanoes, which come up to my knee, one of which may be permanently extinct. It doesn't make me much of a prince...

    Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
  144. I don't think we should judge the values of our lives by how efficient they are.

    Haruki Murakami
  145. An Orwellian world is much easier to recognize, and to oppose, than a Huxleyan. Everything in our background has prepared us to know and resist a prison when the gates begin to close around us. We are not likely, for example, to be indifferent to the voices of the Sakharovs and the Timmermans and the Walesas. We take arms against such a sea of troubles, buttressed by the spirit of Milton, Bacon, Voltaire, Goethe and Jefferson. But what if there are no cries of anguish to be heard? Who is prepared to take arms against a sea of amusements? To whom do we complain, and when, and in what tone of voice, when serious discourse dissolves into giggles? What is the antidote to a culture’s being drained by laughter?

    Neil Postman
  146. The value of time. — Time means a lot to me because, you see, I, too, am also a learner and am often lost in the joy of forever developing and simplifying. If you love life, don’t waste time, for time is what life is made up of.

    Bruce Lee
  147. To kill time before my train left, I went into the only little theater there. The pure vulgarity of that burlesque show, stripped of aesthetic, plebeian, was fit for immigrant workers camps of the last century; even apes would have understood copulative movements of the girls on stage. A diversion for lonely males. But in the bar across the street lonely were deprived even of the consolation of stammering their confession to the bartender, for all eyes were riveted on the television screen. Was this the highest that l'homme sensuel moel could reach when left to himself, undismayed by the cyclones of history? The inside of the train, which I boarded a while later, was decorated with large reproductions of French Impressionists.

    Czesław Miłosz
  148. The problem to be solved in the twenty first century is not how to move information, not the engineering of information. We solved that problem long ago. The problem is how to transform information into knowledge, and how to transform knowledge into wisdom.

    Neil Postman
  149. We are divided as ever by cultural differences and by economic competition for the same resources.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  150. Childhood innocence is impossible to sustain, which is why children have disappeared from television... All the children on televisions shows are depicted as merely small adults, in the manner of thirteenths - and fourteenth-century paintings... You will see children whose language, dress, sexuality, and interests are not different from those of the adults on the same shows.

    Neil Postman
  151. "The only things you learn are the things you tame," said the fox. "People haven't time to learn anything. They buy things ready-made in stores. But since there are no stores where you can buy friends, people no longer have friends. If you want a friend, tame me!"

    Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
  152. In some innovative companies, managers are not appointed from above, but from below: subordinates choose their boss, after interviewing prospective candidates. The practice naturally induces managers to act as servant leaders.

    Frederic Laloux
  153. When the source of happiness is found within, we are immune to the losses of the world.

    David Hawkins
  154. Our values are preferences. We hold them because we love them, enjoy them, and get please from them. If we hold them in that context, we will be left in peace to enjoy them.

    David Hawkins
  155. This problem highlights a misleading aspect of globalization. Young people are indeed in touch with likeminded persons many thousands of miles away. But even if the students of Berkeley, Berlin and Bangalore share a common set of interests, these do not translate into community. Space matters. And politics is a function of space—we vote where we live and our leaders are restricted in their legitimacy and authority to the place where they were elected. Real-time access to likeminded fellows half a world away is no substitute

    Tony Judt
  156. But what is happening in America is not the design of an articulated ideology. No Mein Kampf or Communist Manifesto announced its coming. It comes as the unintended consequence of a dramatic change in our modes of public conversation. But it is an ideology nonetheless, for it imposes a way of life, a set of relations among people and ideas, about which there has been no consensus, no discussion and no opposition. Only compliance. Public consciousness has not yet assimilated the point that technology is ideology.

    Neil Postman
  157. The root of concentration. — Concentration is the ROOT of all the higher abilities in man.

    Bruce Lee
  158. I was convinced that as long as we live, we must lift ourselves over new thresholds of consciousness; that to aim at higher and higher thresholds is our only happiness. While living in Government-General, I crossed one of those thresholds - when we finally begin to become the person we must be and we are at once inebriated and a little frightened at the enormous distance yet to be travelled.

    Czesław Miłosz
  159. "What a rite?" asked the little prince.

    "That's another thing that's been too often neglected," said the fox. "It's the fact that one day is different from the other days, one hour from the other hours."

    Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
  160. Evidently the official version of the Barcelona fighting was already fixed upon: it was to be represented as a "fifth column" Fascist rising engineered solely by the P.O.U.M.

    George Orwell
  161. Although education is now a global issue, it is inevitably a grassroots process.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  162. Muscles are hard to get and easy to lose. Fat is easy to get and hard to lose.

    Haruki Murakami
  163. One’s perspective on truth changes with change. — Because I am a changing as well as an ever-growing man, thus what I hold true a couple of months ago might not be the same now.

    Bruce Lee
  164. Fox:

    "Onesees clearly only with the heart. Anything essential is invisible to the eyes."

    Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
  165. We can look at our major love relationships and honestly examine them. To what degree do they subserve our selfish inner needs? To what degree are we really using the other person to exploit them for our own gain? To what degree are they merely subserving our happiness? To find out, all we need to do is ask ourselves: "If their happiness were best served by leaving me, how would I feel about it?"

    David Hawkins
  166. Philosophy, despite the university departments, is not mere speculation; ... it both nourishes itself on everything within us and impregnates our whole being; and ... if it does not help us to judge a man, a piece of sculpture, a literary work, it is dead.

    Czesław Miłosz
  167. "Radical historicism" claims that there are no ultimate truths, especially moral truths: that there is no transcendent authority to which we may appeal for a final answer to a question, Is this right or wrong thing to do?

    Neil Postman
  168. In 2008, IBM published a survey of what characteristics organization leaders need most in their staff... The two priorities were adaptability to change and creativity in generating new ideas.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  169. Being in the Now. — Listen. Can you hear the wind? And can you hear the birds singing? You have to HEAR IT. Empty your mind. You know how water fills a cup? It BECOMES that cup. You have to think about nothing. You have to BECOME nothing.

    Bruce Lee
  170. Fox:

    "It's the time you spent on your rose that makes your rose so important... You become responsible forever for what you've tamed. You're responsible for your rose..."

    Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
  171. For example, it would have been excusable in 1905 for us to be unprepared for the cultural changes the automobile would bring. Who could have suspected then that the automobile would tell us how we were to conduct our social and sexual lives? Would reorient our ideas about what to do with our forests and cities? Would create new ways of expressing our personal identity and social standing?

    Neil Postman
  172. Nothing in the real world is as beautiful as the illusions of a person about to lose consciousness.

    Haruki Murakami
  173. Orange holds that for-profit companies should operate with a shareholder perspective. Management’s primary (some people claim its sole) obligation is to maximize profits for investors.

    Frederic Laloux
  174. As television begins to render invisible the traditional concept of childhood, it would not be quite accurate to say that it immerses us in an adult world. Rather, it uses the material of the adult world as basis for projecting a new kind of person altogether. We might call this person the adult-child... Television promotes as desirable many of the attitudes that we associate with childishness - for example, an obsessive need for immediate gratification, a lack of concern for consequences, and almost promiscuous preoccupation with consumption.

    Neil Postman
  175. Every life experience, not matter how "tragic", contains a hidden lesson. When we discover and acknowledge the hidden gift that is there, a healing takes place.

    David Hawkins
  176. Convinced that there is little they can do, they do little. The best that might be said of them, as so often of the baby boom generation, is that they stand for nothing in particular: politicians-lite.

    Tony Judt
  177. On the level of courage, we are willing to take responsibility for our religious or spiritual position.

    David Hawkins
  178. "People where you live," the little prince said, "grow five thousand roses in one garden... yet they don't find what they are looking for... And yet what they are looking for could be found in a single rose, or a little water... But eyes are blind. You have to look with the heart!"

    Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
  179. In the nineteenth century, Nietzsche put the matter in a brutal light by arguing that reason is a kind of linguistic illusion, that good and evil, are equally, illusionary, and there is nothing but one's will and power to realize one's will. In other words, there is no difference between the sentences "I want to do this" and "I have a right to do this".

    Neil Postman
  180. "Shanghai does not need so-called # 1 schools", he (AP: Yi Houqin) said. 'What it needs are schools that follow sound educational principles, respect principles of students' physical and psychological development, and lay a solid foundation for students lifelong development'

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  181. If you are going to while away the years, it's far better to live them with clear goals and fully alive than in a fog.

    Haruki Murakami
  182. Thus, a central thesis of computer technology—that the principal difficulty we have in solving problems stems from insufficient data—will go unexamined. Until, years from now, when it will be noticed that the massive collection and speed-of-light retrieval of data have been of great value to large-scale organizations but have solved very little of importance to most people and have created at least as many problems for them as they may have solved.

    Neil Postman
  183. ... the Buddha made the observation that the basis for all human suffering was due to desire and attachment... What is the solution to that dilemma? As we can see, it is only the small aspect of oneself that becomes attached. The smaller self buys into the frightened, inadequate set of programms that we have unwittingly allowed to run us. The purpose of letting go is to de-energize these programs so that they no longer run us; then we are free to expand into the greater awareness of our higher Self.

    David Hawkins
  184. Research and practical experience show time and again that the critical factors in raising student achievement on all fronts are the motivation and expectations of students themselves. The best ways to raise them are to improve the quality of teaching, have a rich and balanced curriculum, and have supportive, informative systems of assessment.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  185. The English newspapers gave it out that these ships were proceeding to Barcelona "to protect British interests."

    George Orwell
  186. [i]t will always be cheaper for the Treasury to put the poor in a position to buy corn, than to bring the price of corn down to within the reach of the poor.

    Marquis de Condorcet
  187. So, life events are opportunities to grow, expand, experience, and develop. In some cases, it seems in retrospect that there was actually this unconsious purpose behind the event, as though our unconsious knew that something important had to be learned and, paintful as it was, it was the only way it could be brought into experience. This is part of the psychology of the psychoanalyst Carl Jung, who concluded after a lifetime of study, that there is an inborn drive in the unconsious toward wholeness, completeness, and realization of the Self, and that the unconsious will devise the ways and means of bringing this about, even if the are traumatic to the consious mind.

    David Hawkins
  188. To live now you must die to yesterday. — To understand and live now, there must be dying to everything of yesterday. Die continually to every newly gained experience—be in a state of choiceless awareness of WHAT IS.

    Bruce Lee
  189. Carl Jung said that the healthy personality is equally balanced between work, play, love, and an aspect of personality called spirituality, which we could also define as teh search for meaning and value.

    David Hawkins
  190. I mean by "narrative" as story. I refer to big stories - stories that are sufficiently profound and complex to offer explanations of the origins and future of people; stories that construct ideals, prescribe rules of conduct, specify sources of authority, and, in doing all this, provide a sense of continuity and purpose. Joseph Campbell and Rollo May, among others, called such stories "myths". Marx had such stories in mind referring to "ideologies". And Freud called them "illusions". No matter. What is important about narratives is that human being cannot live without them. We are burdened with a kind of consciousness that insists on our having a purpose. Purposefulness requires a moral context, and moral context is what I mean by a narrative.

    Neil Postman
  191. For in the end, he was trying to tell us that what afflicted the people in Brave New World was not that they were laughing instead of thinking, but that they did not know what they were laughing about and why they had stopped thinking.

    Neil Postman
  192. Exerting yourself to the fullest within your individual limits - that's a metaphor for life.

    Haruki Murakami
  193. The fate of humanity, according to him (AP: Tiger), does not depend upon the foolish moves of its politicians but upon revolutions so discreet that scarcely anyone perceives them.

    Czesław Miłosz
  194. It is impossible to read through the reports in the Communist Press without realizing that they are consciously aimed at a public ignorant of the facts and have no other purpose than to work up prejudice.

    George Orwell
  195. People do not come in standard sizes or shapes, not do their abilities and personalities.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  196. We think of a philosophe as a person who is involved in a political and social affair, who is eager to change how things are, who is obsessed with the enlightenment of others.

    Neil Postman
  197. Industrial process demand compliance with specific rules and standards.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  198. Experiencing is believing. — A fat belly cannot believe that such a thing as hunger exists.

    Bruce Lee
  199. Whatever we say something is, it is not.

    Alfred Korzybski
  200. (AP: Tiger) believed that it was our duty to carry the precious values of our European heritage across the dark era, even though one were to be surrounded for whole decades by nothing but absurdity, blood, and feces. Wear a mask, throw them off the scent - you will be forgiven if you preserve the love of the Good within you.

    Czesław Miłosz
  201. Junk food, once suite only to the undiscriminating palates and iron stomachs of the young, is now common fare for adults. It has already been forgotten that adults are supposed to have more developed taste in food than children. McDonald's and Burger King commercials show us that this distinction is no longer relevant.

    Neil Postman
  202. In courage, we are no longer willing to pay the cost of negativity. We are concerned about the effects of our negative feelings on the welfare of others with whom we are closely associated. Most peole who have learned the letting go technique will continue to use it until they have reached this level of consiousness. On this level, their major life problems are now under control. They are experiencing vocational satisfaction and success. Material wants are supplied. Major problems in relationships have straightened out. They are no longer consciously experiencing pain and suffering, and there is satisfaction from having grown and developed in certain areas.

    David Hawkins
  203. As you age you learn even to be happy with what you have. That's one of the few good points of growing older.

    Haruki Murakami
  204. I was made acutely aware how far superior an education cation that stresses independent action and personal sonal responsibility is to one that relies on drill, external authority and ambition.

    Albert Einstein
  205. Jung also said that in the unconsious there was an aspect of ourselves called the "shadow". The shadow is all the repressed thoughts, feelings and concepts about ourselves that we do not want to face. One benefit if a crisis is that it often brings us into familiarity with our shadow. It makes us more human and more whole to realize what we share with all if humanity. All the stuff that we thought "they" we guilty of is equally in ourselves.

    David Hawkins
  206. In our political as in our economic lives, we have become consumers: choosing from a broad gamut of competing objectives, we find it hard to imagine ways or reasons to combine these into a coherent whole. We must do better than this.

    Tony Judt
  207. ... ours is the first era in which it has been possible for people of different nations to conduct their affairs in a friendly and understanding manner. In the old days, peoples spent their lives fearing and even hating one another because of ignorance on all sides.

    Albert Einstein
  208. People transitioning to Teal can accept, for the first time, that there is an evolution in consciousness, that there is a momentum in evolution towards ever more complex and refined ways of dealing with the world (hence the adjective “evolutionary” that I will use for this stage).

    Frederic Laloux
  209. Immunity to grief of loss occurs when we replaces dependence on the small self (the personality) with dependence on the Self (the Divinity within). We look for security to the Self, which is eternal, instead of to the small self, which is transitory.

    David Hawkins
  210. Industrial processes are linear.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  211. Remove the dirt of preconceived opinion. — Scratch away all the dirt our being has accumulated and reveal reality in its is-ness, or in its suchness, or in its nakedness, which corresponds to the Buddhist concept of emptiness.

    Bruce Lee
  212. Because he who does not constantly overcome himself - i.e., does not learn and does not act - disintegrates within; but if a man is to grow, social reality must be flexible, not rigid, not established as it is in the West. And nothing other than that chaos of new forms, after all, had made me decide to stick to People's Poland. It was my shield against those who spend all their time earning, spending, and amusing themselves.

    Czesław Miłosz
  213. But so long as argument is produced except a scream of "Trotsky-Fascist!" the discussion cannot even begin.

    George Orwell
  214. We can utilize courage to reinforce our desire to grow beyond our present state, because on this level, we are already inkling that there is something withing us that we had hidherto unsuspected. These are indicated by those sudden episodes of perfect stillness and peace in which we have great clarity, understanding, and heightened sensitivity to beauty.

    David Hawkins
  215. Practical men, who believe themselves to be quite exempt from any intellectual influences, are usually the slaves of some defunct economist. Madmen in authority, who hear voices in the air, are distilling their frenzy from some academic scribbler of a few years back. I am sure that the power of vested interests is vastly exaggerated compared with the gradual encroachment of ideas.

    John Maynard Keynes
  216. Without idealism, politics is reduced to a form of social accounting, the day-to-day administration of men and things.

    Tony Judt
  217. Industrial production is related to market demands.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  218. It doesn't matter how old I got, but as long as I continue to live I'll always discover something new about myself.

    Haruki Murakami
  219. The shift to Evolutionary-Teal happens when we learn to disidentify from our own ego. By looking at our ego from a distance, we can suddenly see how its fears, ambitions, and desires often run our life. We can learn to minimize our need to control, to look good, to fit in. We are no longer fused with our ego, and we don’t let its fears reflexively control our lives. In the process, we make room to listen to the wisdom of other, deeper parts of ourselves.

    What replaces fear? A capacity to trust the abundance of life. All wisdom traditions posit the profound truth that there are two fundamental ways to live life: from fear and scarcity or from trust and abundance. In Evolutionary-Teal, we cross the chasm and learn to decrease our need to control people and events. We come to believe that even if something unexpected happens or if we make mistakes, things will turn out all right, and when they don’t, life will have given us an opportunity to learn and grow.

    Frederic Laloux
  220. ... fear is far more tolerable than depression. Surprisingly, to a person who has been in bad depression, the re-emergence of feer is welcomed. It is better to feel scared than hopeless.

    David Hawkins
  221. In America, the contradiction inclined me toward movement, while in Paris, through my conversations with Tiger, it drove me back toward being, and I tried to diagnose my case. Whoever commits himself to movement alone will destroy himself. Whoever disregards movement will also destroy himself, but in a different way. This, I said to myself, is the very core of my destiny - never be satisfied with one or the other, only at moments to seize the unity of the opposites.

    Czesław Miłosz
  222. The law of non-interference with nature. — The law of non-interference with nature is a basic principle of Taoism [stating] that one should be in harmony with, not rebellion against, the fundamental laws of the universe. Preserve yourself by following the natural bends of things and don’t interfere. Remember never to assert your self against nature; never be in frontal opposition to any problems, but to control it by swinging with it.

    Bruce Lee
  223. Passing through a life crisis, then, makes us more human, more compassionate, more accepting and understaning of ourselves and others. We no longer have to indulge in making others wrong or making ourselves wrong. Handling an emotional crisis leads to greater wisdom and results in lifetime benefits. Fear of life is really the fear of emotions. It is not the facts that we fear but our feelings about them. Once we have mastery over our feelings, our feer of life diminishes. We feel a greater self-confidence, and we are willing to take greater chances because we now feel that we can handle the emotional consequences, whatever they might be. Because fear is the basis of all inhibitions, mastery over fear means the unblocking of whole avenues of life experience that previously had been avoided.

    David Hawkins
  224. With the assistance of modern contraceptives, the sexual appetite of both adults and children can be satisfied without serious restraint and without mature understanding of its meaning. Here, television has played an enormous role, since it not only keep the entire population in a condition of high sexual excitement but stresses a kind of egalitarianism of sexual fulfillment: sex is transformed into a product available to everyone - let us say, like mouthwash or under-arm deodorant.

    Neil Postman
  225. As in typical factories, high schools and higher education in particular are organized around the division of labor.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  226. It is waste of time to be angry, but the stupid magnity of this kind of things does try one's patience.

    George Orwell
  227. The problem with choosing between madness (a refusal to recognize necessity) and servility (an acknowledgement of our complete powerlessness) is that one act of obedience can be the start of a downward slide. A man cannot bear a thought of being crushed by a physical compulsion; therefore he deifies the force that rules over him, investing it with superhuman traits, with omniscient reason, with a special mission; and in this way he saves a bit of his own dignity.

    Czesław Miłosz
  228. Dualism vs. monism. — The dualistic philosophy reigned supreme in Europe, dominating the development of Western science. But with the advent of atomic physics, findings based on demonstrable experiment were seen to negate the dualistic theory, and the trend of thought since then has been back toward the monistic conception of the ancient Taoists.

    Bruce Lee
  229. In Evolutionary-Teal, we shift from external to internal yardsticks in our decision-making. We are now concerned with the question of inner rightness: does this decision seem right? Am I being true to myself? Is this in line with who I sense I’m called to become? Am I being of service to the world?

    Frederic Laloux
  230. What we may learn from these two great philosophes, Eistein and Mill, is what they learned from their predecessors - that it is necessary to live as if there is transcendent authority. "One can have the clearest and most complete knowledge of what is", Eistnein wrote, "and yet not be able to deduce from that what should be the goal of our human aspirations. Objective knowledge provides us with powerful instruments for the achievement of certain ends, but the ultimate goal itself and longing to reach it must come from another source". The other source is religion. Neither Mill nor Einstein believed in the stories that give form and inspiration to traditional religious systems, what Mill called the "supernatural religions". But both understood that we require a story that provides a basis for moral conduct and has a transcendent character. They found it in "natural law", and in the capacities of "human nature". In their stories, human beings have innate feelings for the general good and the unity of mankind. Mill called his story the Religion of Humanity. Einstein spoke of Cosmic Religious feeling. And they found the details of their moral code in sacred texts and history, as well as custom; that is to say, in our obligations to those whom we have judged to have acted in accord with the principles if human solidarity. Mill wrote: "... the thought that our dead parents or friends would have approved our conduct is scarcely less powerful motive than the knowledge that our living ones do approve it; and the idea that Socrates, or Howard, or Washington, or Antonius or Christ would have sympathized with us, or that we are attempting to do our part in the spirit in which they did theirs, has operated on the very best minds as strong incentive to act up to their highest feelings and convictions." That there is a tendency as part of our nature toward our being "moral" - detesting wanton killing, honoring parents, caring for children, speaking truthfully, loving mercy, overcoming egotism, and all the other exhortations we find shared by sacred texts - is a legacy of Enlightenment. And that this tendency cannot be proven in a scientific manner but must be taken on faith is also a feature of that legacy. And that there can be no objection to one's believing in a divine source for one's moral grounding is yet another feature of the legacy, provided one does not claim absolute certainty for one's belief.

    Neil Postman
  231. In the moment when time seems to stand still, we get a glimpse of what is possible. These moments are so rewarding that they are treasured for a lifetime. When they occur, something is experienced that is very impressive. Could it be that, beyond the turbulence of the world and our own mind, there is silence? A realm of pieced that is always waiting?

    David Hawkins
  232. It's precisely because of the pain, precisely because we want to overcome that pain, that we can get the feeling, through this process, of really being alive - or at least a partial sense of it. Your quality of experience is based not on standards such as time and ranking, but on finally awakening to an awareness of the fluidity within action itself.

    Haruki Murakami
  233. Educating children by age group assumes that the most important thing they have in common is their date of manufacture... We don't apply this batching principle outside of schools. We don't keep all the ten-tear-olds away from the nine-year-olds, in the separate facilities.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  234. It was no use hanging on to the English notion that you are safe so long as you keep the law. Practically the law was what the police chose to make it.

    George Orwell
  235. (AP: Einstein) was a humanitarian; his mind had been formed in an era when nothing could have shaken the prevailing assumption that man is a reasonable creature, and that if he falls into madness it is only temporary. The criterion for that era had been the individual man, who dominated the collectivity, who was safeguarded by inviolable law and empowered to protest by the ballot. But for my generation man was already the plaything of demonic powers born not in himself but in an interhuman space created by both him and his fellow-man.

    Czesław Miłosz
  236. The only thing worse than too much government is too little: in failed states, people suffer at least as much violence and injustice as under authoritarian rule, and in addition their trains do not run on time.

    Tony Judt
  237. One benefit from a life crisis is greater self-awareness. The situation is overwhelming, and we are forced to stop all of our diversionary games, take a good look at our life situation, and re-evaluate our beliefs, goals, values, and life direction. It is an opportunity ti re-evaluate and let go of guilt. It is also an opportunity for a total shift in attitude. Life crises, as we pass throigh them, confront us with polar opposites.

    David Hawkins
  238. What one holds in mind tends to manifest.

    David Hawkins
  239. Life itself is not linear... The lives we create are the results of all sorts of currents and crosscurrents, most of which we can't anticipate in advance.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  240. Don’t neglect life by worrying about death. — I don’t know what is the meaning of death, but I am not afraid to die — and I go on, non-stop, going forward [with life]. Even though I, Bruce Lee, may die some day without fulfilling all of my ambitions, I will have no regrets. I did what I wanted to do and what I’ve done, I’ve done with sincerity and to the best of my ability. You can’t expect much more from life.

    Bruce Lee
  241. Recognition, success, wealth, and belonging are viewed as pleasurable experiences, but also as tempting traps for the ego. In contrast with previous stages, the order is reversed: we do not pursue recognition, success, wealth, and belonging to live a good life. We pursue a life well-lived, and the consequence might just be recognition, success, wealth, and love.

    Frederic Laloux
  242. To be able to grasp something of value, sometimes you have to perform seemingly inefficient acts.

    Haruki Murakami
  243. All of us yearn naïvely for a certain point on the earth where the highest wisdom accessible to humanity at a given moment dwells, and it is hard to admit that such a point does not exist, that we have to rely only upon ourselves.

    Czesław Miłosz
  244. The idea of children implies a vision of the future. They are the living messages we send to a time we will not see. But television cannot communicate a sense of the future or, for that matter, a sense of the past. It is a present-centered medium, a speed-of-light medium. Everything we see on television is experienced as happening now. The grammar of television has no analogue to the past and future tenses in language. It amplifies the present out of all proportion and transforms the childish need for immediate gratification into a way of life. We end up with what Christopher Lasch calls "the culture of narcissism" - no future, no children, everyone fixed at an age somewhere twenty and thirty.

    Neil Postman
  245. Most Industrial processes generate huge amounts of waste and low-value by-products. So does education.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  246. A lot of runners now use iPods, but I prefer the MD player I'm used to... At his point I don't want to mix music and computers. Just like it's not good to mix friends and work, and sex.

    Haruki Murakami
  247. But when I compare us with the inhabitants of calm and orderly countries, I would be inclined, in spite of all our misfortunes and sufferings, to call us happier in one respect. Neither new models of cars, nor travels, nor love affairs provide the elixir of youth. In grabbing our portion of amusements and pleasures, we expose ourselves to the vengeance of time, which dulls receptivity... That miraculous elixir is nothing other than the certainty that there are no boundaries to the knowledge of what is human; that to puff ourselves with self-importance is inappropriate because each of our achievements falls away into yesterday, and we are always pupils in an introductory class.

    Czesław Miłosz
  248. ... humor is valuable in public speaking. It is a way of just being at one with humanness of the audience and discovering their compassion.

    David Hawkins
  249. The ultimate goal in life is not to be successful or loved, but to become the truest expression of ourselves, to live into authentic selfhood, to honor our birthright gifts and callings, and be of service to humanity and our world. In Teal, life is seen as a journey of personal and collective unfolding toward our true nature.

    Frederic Laloux
  250. On the need to remember. — Remembrance is the only paradise out of which we cannot be driven away. Pleasure is the flower that fades, remembrance is the lasting perfume. Remembrances last longer than present realities; I have preserved blossoms for many years, but never fruits.

    Bruce Lee
  251. Industrial processes can create catastrophic problems in the environment... Economist describe these as "externalities".

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  252. The jails were places that could only be described as dungeons. In England you would have to go back to the eighteenth century to find anything comparable.

    George Orwell
  253. Anger. Hatered. Self-pity. Resentments. They all love their cheap little payoff, that little inner satisfaction. Let's not pretend that it's not there. There is a weird, quirky pleasure when we hang on to pain. It certainly satisfies our unconsious need for the allevation of guilt through punishment. We get to feel miserable and rotten. The question arises, "But for how long?"

    David Hawkins
  254. Capitalism is not a political system; it is a form of economic life, compatible in practice with right-wing dictatorships (Chile under Pinochet), left-wing dictatorships (contemporary China), social-democratic monarchies (Sweden) and plutocratic republics (the United States). Whether capitalist economies thrive best under conditions of freedom is perhaps more of an open question than we like to think.

    Tony Judt
  255. Through defeats and disasters, humanity searches for the elixir of youth; that is, of life made into thought, the ardor that upholds belief in the wider usefulness of our individual effort, even if it apparently changes nothing in the iron working of the world... By choosing, we had to give up some values for the sake of others, which is the essence of tragedy. Yet only such an experience can whet our understanding, so that we see an old truth in a new light: when ambition counsels us to lift ourselves above simple moral rules guarded by the poor in spirit, rather than to choose them as our compass needle amid the uncertainties of change, we stifle the only thing that can redeem our follies and mistakes: love.

    Czesław Miłosz
  256. The function and duty of a human being. — The function and duty of a human being, a “quality” human being, that is, is the sincere and honest development of potential and self-actualization. One additional comment: the energy from within and the physical strength from your body can guide you toward accomplishing your purpose in life — and to actually act on actualizing your duty to yourself.

    Bruce Lee
  257. On the level of acceptance, love is experienced as a stable state, a permanent condition of a relationship. The source of love is seen to be within ourselves, emanating from our own nature and reaching out to include others. In the state of desire, by contast, we speak of being "in love," as the source of love and happiness is thought to be outside of ourselves.

    David Hawkins
  258. It was queer how everything had changed. Only six month ago, when the Anarchists still reigned, it was looking like a proletarian that made you respectable.

    George Orwell
  259. If you think of education as mechanistic process that's just not working as well as it used to, it's easy to make false assumptions about how it can be fixed; that if it can just be tweaked and standardized in the right way it will work efficiently in perpetuity. That fact is that it won't, because it's not that sort of process at all, however much some politicians would like it to be.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  260. I'm the kind of person who likes to be by himself. To put a finer point on it, I'm the type of person who doesn't find it painful to be alone.

    Haruki Murakami
  261. Men do not become tyrants in order to become warm.

    Aristotle
  262. Clare Graves’ favorite phrase to describe someone operating from Teal was “a person who has ambition, but is not ambitious.”

    Frederic Laloux
  263. As anyone who has traveled or lived in post-Communist eastern Europe will know, the transition from repressive egalitarianism to unconstrained greed is not attractive. There is no shortage of people in the region today who would enthusiastically second the view that the point of political freedom is to make money.

    Tony Judt
  264. Education is not an industrial process at all; it is an organic one.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  265. As we proceed into a postmodern world, we are bereft of a narrative that can provide courage and optimism; we are facing what Václav Havel and others have called "a crisis in narrative". Old gods have fallen, either wounded or dead. New ones have been aborted. "We are looking", he said, "for the new scientific recipes, new ideologies, new control systems, new new institutions". In other words, we seeks new narratives to provide us with "an elementary sense of justice, the ability to see things as others do, a sense of transcendental responsibility, archetypal wisdom, good taste, courage, compassion, and faith".

    Neil Postman
  266. The part of us that wants to cling to negative emotions is our smallness. It is the part of us that is mean, petty, selfish, competetive, cheap, conniving, mistrusting, vindictive, judgemental, diminished, weak, guilty, ashamed, and vain. It has little energy, it is depleating, demeaning, and lead to the lowering of self-respect. It is small part if us that accounts for our own self-hatred, unending guilt, and seeking for punishment, sickness, and disease.

    David Hawkins
  267. People told me exactly what I would later often say to others when tring to draw them into politics: you can't spend your whole life criticizing something and then, when you have the chance to do it better, refuse to go near it.

    Václav Havel
  268. It is in the aim of our inner Self to transcend the ego, that composite of all our negative feelings, programms, and thoughts, so that we are able to experience the inner essential nature.

    David Hawkins
  269. I run in order to acquire a void.

    Haruki Murakami
  270. [i]t is not sufficient that the state of affairs which we seek to promote should be better than the state of affairs which preceded it; it must be sufficiently better to make up for the evils of the transition.

    John Maynard Keynes
  271. Products, from screws to airplanes, have no opinions or feelings about how they are produced or what happens to them. People do. They have motivations, feelings, circumstances, and talents.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  272. I believe that human beings need first to be children before they can be grown-ups. Otherwise, they remain like television's adult-child all their lives, with no sense of belonging, no capacity for lasting relationships, no respect for limits, and not grasp of the future.

    Neil Postman
  273. I think that Capitalism, wisely managed, can probably be made more efficient for attaining economic ends than any alternative system yet in sight. But that in itself is in many ways extremely objectionable. Our problem is to work out a social organization which shall be as efficient as possible without offending our notions of a satisfactory way of life.

    John Maynard Keynes
  274. Psychologists talk about a shift from a deficit to a strength-based paradigm. Slowly, this shift is making profound inroads in different fields, from management to education, from psychology to health care—starting with the premise that, as human beings, we are not problems waiting to be solved, but potential waiting to unfold.

    Frederic Laloux
  275. When you have had a glimpse of such disaster as this -- and however it ends the Spain war will turn out to gave been an appalling disaster, uite apart from the slaughter and physical suffering -- the result is not necessarily disillusionment and cynicism. Curiously the whole experience had left me with not less but more belief in the decency of human beings.

    George Orwell
  276. The goal of a human being. — The human goal: to actualize oneself.

    Bruce Lee
  277. Instead of using their vastly increased material and technical resources to build a wonder city, the men of the nineteenth century built slums ... [which] on the test of private enterprise, ‘paid,’ whereas the wonder city would, they thought, have been an act of foolish extravagance, which would, in the imbecile idiom of the financial fashion, have ‘mortgaged the future’ ... The same rule of self-destructive financial calculation governs every walk of life. We destroy the beauty of the countryside because the un-appropriated splendors of nature have no economic value. We are capable of shutting off the sun and the stars because they do not pay a dividend.

    John Maynard Keynes
  278. The happiest thing about becoming a professional writer was that I could go to bed early and get up early.

    Haruki Murakami
  279. One simple electrician with his heart in the right place can influence the history of his nation.

    Václav Havel
  280. We all derive great benefit from liberating ourselves out of fearful inhibition into successful functioning, because that learning process automatically spills over into many other areas of our life. We become more capable, freer and happier and, with that, there is an inner peaced of mind.

    David Hawkins
  281. But why should the sight of a handful of greedy businessmen doing well out of the collapse of an authoritarian state be so much more pleasing to our eyes than authoritarianism itself?

    Tony Judt
  282. Fear is so pandemic in our society that it constitues the predominant ruling emotion of our world.

    David Hawkins
  283. We are capable of much more. — The fact [is] that we live only on such a small percentage of our potential:

    • You do not allow yourself to be totally yourself
    • Society does not allow you to be totally yourself.

    Bruce Lee
  284. Fear is healed by love.

    David Hawkins
  285. The necessity for acting on our beliefs. — Knowing is not enough; we must apply. Willing is not enough; we must do.

    Bruce Lee
  286. It is difficult to get a man to understand something when his salary depends on his not understanding it.

    Upton Sinclair
  287. Television obliterates the distinction between child and adult, as it obliterates social secretes, as it undermines concepts of the future and the value of restraint and discipline, we seem destined to be moving back toward a medieval sensibility from which literacy had freed us.

    Neil Postman
  288. Freedom is freedom. But if it leads to inequality, poverty and cynicism, then we should say so rather than sweep its shortcomings under the rug in the name of the triumph of liberty over oppression.

    Tony Judt
  289. Science and religion will be hopeful, useful, and life-giving only if we learn to read them with new humility - as tales, as limited human renderings of the Truth.

    Neil Postman
  290. High level if consciousness are in themeselves capable of healing, transforming, and enlightening others.

    David Hawkins
  291. The reward of doing. — The doer alone learns.

    Bruce Lee
  292. I believe we are living just now in a special moment in time, at one of those darkening moments when all around us is change and we cannot yet see which way to go. Our old ways of explaining ourselves to ourselves are not large enough to accommodate a world made paradoxically small by our technologies, yet larger than we can grasp. We cannot go back to simpler times and simpler tales - tales made by clans and tribes and nations when the world was large enough for each to pursue its separate evolution. There are no island continents in the world of electronic technologies, no places left to hide or withdraw from the communities of women or men. We cannot make the world accept one tale - and tat one our own - by chanting it louder than the rest or silencing those who are singing a different song. We must take to heart the sage remark of Niels Bohr, one of our century's greatest scientist. He said, "The opposite of a correct statement is an incorrect statement. The opposite of a profound truth is another profound truth." ... We can only make the human tale larger by making ourselves little smaller - by seeing that the vision each of us is granted is but a tiny fragment of a much greater Truth not given to mortals to know.

    Neil Postman
  293. To a very considerable extent, the dilemmas and shortcomings of the welfare state are a result of political pusillanimity rather than economic incoherence.

    Tony Judt
  294. ... unconditional love has the greates power of all, and that love is the power of the celebrated saints. Unconditional love is also the power of the mother and of the father, the presence of whom is so essential to the children's learning to love as they grow.

    David Hawkins
  295. An intelligent mind is constantly learning. — An intelligent mind is one which is constantly learning, never concluding — styles and patterns have come to conclusion, therefore they [have] ceased to be intelligent.

    An intelligent mind is an inquiring mind. — An intelligent mind is an INQUIRING mind. It is not satisfied with explanations, with conclusions; nor is it a mind that believes, because belief is again another form of conclusion.

    Bruce Lee
  296. But precisely because history is not foreordained, we mere mortals must invent it as we go along—and in circumstances, as old Marx rightly pointed out, not entirely of our own making. We shall have to ask the perennial questions again, but be open to different answers. We need to sort out to our own satisfaction what aspects of the past we wish to keep and what made them possible. Which circumstances were unique? And which circumstances could we, with sufficient will and effort, reproduce?

    Tony Judt
  297. "Future schlock" is the name I give to a cultural condition characterized by the rapid erosion of collective intelligence. Future schlock is the aftermath of future shock. Whereas future shock results in confused, indecisive, and psychically uprooted people, future schlock produces a massive class of mediocre people.

    Neil Postman
  298. You are the commander of your mind. — I’ve always been buffeted by circumstances because I thought of myself as a human being [affected by] outside conditioning. Now I realize that I am the power that commands the feeling of my mind and from which circumstances grow.

    Bruce Lee
  299. (AP: Rousseau made two powerful contributions to the idea of Childhood). The first was in his insistence that the child is important in himself, and not merely a means to an end... Rousseau's second idea was that child's intellectual and emotional life is important , not because we must to know about it in order to teach and train our children, but because childhood is the stage of life when man most closely approximates the "state of nature".

    Neil Postman
  300. ...in democratic conditions ... it's important that politics be more than just a technology of power, but that it provides a genuine service to citizens, a service that is as disinterested as possible, based on certain ideals, a service that follows the moral order that stands above us, that takes into account the long-term interest of human race and not just what appeals to the public at any given moment ... That doesn't mean that politics must surrender all its ideals, deny its "heart", and become a mere self-propelled, technocratic process...

    Václav Havel
  301. My aim in life is to make life pleasanter for this great majority; I do not care if it becomes in the process less pleasant for the well to do minority.

    Joseph Chamberlain
  302. A person who has experienced a great deal of love in early life has fewer fears and a head start, but this love is intrinsic in all of us. By the very nature of our being and by the very nature of the life energy that flows through us and empowers us to breathe and to think, we all have that same virational energy level of love within us.

    David Hawkins
  303. But if we accept some limitations—and we always do—why not others? Why are we so sure that some planning, or progressive taxation, or the collective ownership of public goods, are intolerable restrictions on liberty; whereas closed-circuit television cameras, state bailouts for investment banks ‘too big to fail’, tapped telephones and expensive foreign wars are acceptable burdens for a free people to bear?

    Tony Judt
  304. All thought is partial. — All thought is partial, it can never be total. Thought is the response of memory, and memory is always partial, because memory is the result of experience; so thought is the reaction of a mind which is conditioned by experience

    Bruce Lee
  305. Childhood was invented in the seventeenth century. In the eighteenth, it began to assume the form with which we are familiar. In the twentieth century, childhood began to unravel, and by the twenty first, may be lost altogether - unless there is some serious interest in retaining it.

    Neil Postman
  306. the phenomenon whereby the reporting of a horrific event—a rape or a five-alarm fire or global warming—is followed immediately by the anchor’s cheerfully exclaiming "Now ... this," which segues into a story about Janet Jackson’s exposed nipple or a commercial for lite beer, creating a sequencing of information so random, so disparate in scale and value, as to be incoherent, even psychotic.

    Neil Postman
  307. One of the blocks to emotional development is the fear of what lies buried in our unconsious. Carl Jung called this area, which we are unwilling to look at and to own, the "shadow." He said that the self cannot become healed and whole unless we look at and acknowldge the shadow. This means that buried within us all, in what Jung called the "collective unconsious," is everything that we most dislike admiting about ourselves. The average human, he said, would much rather projecthis shadow out to the world and condemn it and see it as evil, thinking that his problem is to battle with evil in the world. In actuality, the problem is merely to acknowledge the presence of such thoghts and impulses in ourselves. By acknowdleging them, they become quite. Once they are quiet, they no longer unconsiously run us.

    David Hawkins
  308. ...(by age sixty-five, a person will have spent twelve uninterrupted years in front of the TV).

    Neil Postman
  309. Subconscious mind. — Recognizing the influence of my subconscious mind over my power of will, I shall take care to submit to it a clear and definite picture of my Major Purpose in life and all minor purposes leading to my major purpose, and I shall keep this picture constantly before my subconscious mind by repeating it daily!

    Bruce Lee
  310. There were two intellectual strains of which the idea (AP: of childhood) was composed. We might call them the Lockean, or the Protestant, conception of childhood, and the Rousseauian, or Romantic, conception. In the Protestant view, the child is an unformed person who, through literacy, education, reason, self-control and shame, may be made into a civilized adult. In the Romantic view, it is not the unformed child but the deformed adult who is the problem. The child possesses as his or her birthright capacities for candor, and understanding , curiosity, and spontaneity that are deadened by literacy, education, reason, self-control, and shame... To Rousseau, education was essentially a subtraction process; to Locke an addition process. But whatever the differences between these to metaphors, they do have in common a concern for the future. Locke wanted education to result in a rich, varied, and copious book; Rousseau wanted education to result in a healthy flower. This is important to keep in mind, for a concern for the future is increasingly missing from the metaphors of childhood in the present day. Neither Locke not Rousseau ever doubted that childhood requires future-oriented guidance of adults.

    Neil Postman
  311. Brooks was making a kind of prophecy ... that the producers of American culture will increasingly turn our history, politics, religion, commerce, and education into forms of entertainment, and that we will become as a result a trivial people, incapable of coping with complexity, ambiguity, uncertainty, perhaps even reality. We will become, in a phrase, a people amused into stupidity.

    Neil Postman
  312. In 1986, soon after the book was published and had started to make ripples, Dad was on ABC’s Nightline, discussing with Ted Koppel the effect TV can have on society if we let it control us, rather than vice versa. As I recall, at one juncture, to illustrate his point that our brief attention span and our appetite for feel-good content can short-circuit any meaningful discourse, Dad said,"For example, Ted, we’re having an important discussion about the culture but in thirty seconds we’ll have to break for a commercial to sell cars or toothpaste." Mr. Koppel, one of the rare serious figures on network television, smiled wryly—or was it fatigue? "Actually, Dr. Postman," he said, "it’s more like ten seconds."

    Andrew Postman
  313. We need to re-learn how to criticize those who govern us. But in order to do so with credibility we have to liberate ourselves from the circle of conformity into which we, like they, are trapped.

    Tony Judt
  314. "Information revolution" ... has made it impossible to keep secrets from the young - sexual secrets, political secrets, social secrets, historical secrets, medical secrets; that is to say, the full content of adult life, which must be kept at least partially hidden from the young if there is to be a category of life known as childhood.

    Neil Postman
  315. life is best to be lived — not to be conceptualized. If you have to think, you still do not understand.

    Bruce Lee
  316. [society is] a partnership not only between those who are living, but between those who are living, those who are dead and those who are to be born.

    Edmund Burke
  317. (AP: Huxley) prophesied, if I may put it this way, that there is a tyranny lurking in a Coca-Cola bottle; that we could be ruined not only by what we fear and hate but by what we welcome and love, by what we construe to be a gift from the gods.

    Neil Postman
  318. In looking at our fears of the unknown, which are really fears of what is in the depth of uncoscious, it is useful to have a sense of humour. Once looked at and acknowledge, the shadow no longer has any power.

    David Hawkins
  319. Children are neither black tablets nor budding plants. They are markets; that is to say, consumers whose needs for products roughly the same as the needs of adults... The point is that childhood, if it can be said to exist at all, is now an economic category. There is very little the culture wants to do for their children except to make them into consumers.

    Neil Postman
  320. [t]here are no conditions of life to which a man cannot get accustomed, especially if he sees them accepted by everyone around him.

    Leo Tolstoy
  321. In Orwell's book people are controlled by inflicting pain. In Brave New World, they are controlled by inflicting pleasure.

    Neil Postman
  322. We were keeping our eye on 1984. When the year came and the prophecy didn’t, thoughtful Americans sang softly in praise of themselves. The roots of liberal democracy had held. Wherever else the terror had happened, we, at least, had not been visited by Orwellian nightmares. But we had forgotten that alongside Orwell’s dark vision, there was another—slightly older, slightly less well known, equally chilling: Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World. Contrary to common belief even among the educated, Huxley and Orwell did not prophesy the same thing. Orwell warns that we will be overcome by an externally imposed oppression. But in Huxley’s vision, no Big Brother is required to deprive people of their autonomy, maturity and history. As he saw it, people will come to love their oppression, to adore the technologies that undo their capacities to think. What Orwell feared were those who would ban books. What Huxley feared was that there would be no reason to ban a book, for there would be no one who wanted to read one. Orwell feared those who would deprive us of information. Huxley feared those who would give us so much that we would be reduced to passivity and egoism. Orwell feared that the truth would be concealed from us. Huxley feared the truth would be drowned in a sea of irrelevance. Orwell feared we would become a captive culture. Huxley feared we would become a trivial culture, preoccupied with some equivalent of the feelies, the orgy porgy, and the centrifugal bumblepuppy. As Huxley remarked in Brave New World Revisited, the civil libertarians and rationalists who are ever on the alert to oppose tyranny “failed to take into account man’s almost infinite appetite for distractions.” In 1984, Huxley added, people are controlled by inflicting pain. In Brave New World, they are controlled by inflicting pleasure. In short, Orwell feared that what we hate will ruin us. Huxley feared that what we love will ruin us. This book is about the possibility that Huxley, not Orwell, was right.

    Neil Postman
  323. To me, I have no other self (not to mention thought) than the oneness of things of which I was aware at that moment.

    Bruce Lee
  324. When a culture becomes overloaded with pictures; when logic and rhetoric lose their binding authority; when historical truth becomes irrelevant; when the spoken or written word is distrusted or makes demands on our attention that we are incapable of giving; when our politics, history, education, religion, public information, and commerce are expressed largely in visual imagery rather than words, then a culture is in serious jeopardy.

    Neil Postman
  325. It is not inevitable that the computer will be used to promote sequential, logical, complex, and even philosophical thought among the mass of people. There are economic and political interest that would be better served by allowing the bulk of semiliterate population to entertain itself with the magic of visual computer games, to use and be used by computers without understanding.

    Neil Postman
  326. People who have acknowledged the content of their own shadow have no interest in crime, violence, and feaful disasters.

    David Hawkins
  327. ... modern media often live from one day to the next, from one flashy headline to the next, so it's no surprise that they can be so meshmerized by today that they forget about yesterday. I would even go so far as to say that the media often behave like a willfull little girl; for instance, as I write this, the Czech Republic has a prime minister whom a media turned into the most popular man in the country by far for quite a while, and then recently, in a matter of days, they turned him into the most hated. Neither view had much to do with his real qualities, good or bad.

    Václav Havel
  328. Our politics, religion, news, athletics, education and commerce have been transformed into congenial adjuncts of show business, largely without protest or even much popular notice. The result is that we are a people on the verge of amusing ourselves to death.

    Neil Postman
  329. To stand on the outside and try to look inside is futile; whatever was there will go away. This also applies to a nebulous thing described as “Happiness.” To try to identify it is like turning on a light to look at darkness. Analyze it, and it is gone.

    Bruce Lee
  330. There are two ways in which the spirit of a culture becomes a prison. This was the way of Nazis, and it appears to be the way of the Russians. In the second - the Huxleyan - culture becomes a burlesque. This appears to be the way of the Americans. What Huxley teaches is that in the Age of Advanced Technology, spiritual devastation is more likely to come from an enemy with a smiling countenance than from one whose face exudes suspicion and fate. In the Huxleyan prophecy, Big Brother does not watch us, by his choice; we watch him, by ours. When a culture becomes distracted by trivia; when political and social life are redefined as a perpetual round of entertainments; when public conversation becomes a form of baby talk; when a people become, in short, an audience and their public business a vaudeville act, then - Huxley argued - a nation finds itself at risk and culture-death is a clear possibility.

    Neil Postman
  331. But America is a rather odd country. It's very religious, and at the same time it allows the broadcast of the pope's funeral t be interrupted by advertisements, many of which were tge direct embodiment of what he had critized fir his entire life. I found it truly hard to understand, and it made me more and more uncomfortable, until I finally switched the television off.

    Václav Havel
  332. John Stuart Mill argued that the active participation of the governed in the process of government is an essential component of a democratic system. "The food of feeling", he wrote, "is action... Let a person have nothing to do for his country, and he will not care for it." That, I assume, is what John F. Kennedy meant in saying, "Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country". Political indifference in the death of democracy.

    Neil Postman
  333. There is nothing unique about any of us when it comes to the way we symbolize our emotions. Everybody secretly harbors the fear that they are dumb, ugly, unlovable, and a failure.

    David Hawkins
  334. Although the Bible makes no mention of it, the Reverend Graham assured the audience that God loves those who make people laugh. It was an honest mistake. He merely mistook NBC for God.

    Neil Postman
  335. To be an Athenian is to hold knowledge and, especially, the quest for knowledge in high esteem. To contemplate, to reason, to experiment, to question - these are, to an Athenian, the most exalted activities a person can perform. To a Visigoth, the quest for knowledge is useless unless it can help you to earn money or to gain power over other people. To be an Athenian is to cherish language because you believe it to be humankind's most precious gift. In their use of language, Athenians strive for grace, precision, and variety. And they admire those who can achieve such skill. To a Visigoth, one word is as good as another, one sentence indistinguishable from another. A Visigoth's language aspires to nothing higher than the cliché. To be an Athenian is to understand that the thread which holds civilized society together is thin and vulnerable; therefore, Athenians place great value on tradition, social restraint, and continuity. To an Athenian, bad manners are acts of violence against social order. The modern Visigoth cares little about any of this. The Visigoths think of themselves as the center of the universe. Tradition exists for the own convenience, good manners are an affectation and a burden, and history is merely what is in yesterday's newspaper. To be an Athenian is to take a interest in public affairs and the improvement of public behavior. Indeed, the ancient Athenians had a word for people who did not. The word was idiotes, from which we get our word "idiot". A modern Visigoth is interested only in his own affairs and has no sense of the meaning of community. And, finally, to be an Athenian is to esteem the discipline, skill, and taste that are required to produce enduring art. Therefor, in approaching a work of art, Athenians prepare their imagination through learning and experience. To a Visigoth, there is no measure of artistic excellence except popularity. What catches the fancy of the multitude is good. no other standard is respected or even acknowledged by the Visigoth.

    Neil Postman
  336. We are all, as Huxley says someplace, Great Abbreviators, meaning that none of us has the wit to know the whole truth, the time to tell it if we believed we did, or an audience so gullible as to accept it.

    Neil Postman
  337. Four idea principles. — The four idea principles are:

    • Find a human need, an unsolved problem
    • Master all of the essentials of the problem
    • Give a new “twist” to an old principle
    • Believe in your idea — and act!

    Bruce Lee
  338. We have the unconsious fantasy that fear is keeping us alive; this is because fear is associated with our whole set of survival mechanisms. We have the idea that, if we were to let got of fear, our main defence mechanism, we would become vulnerable in some way. In reality, the truth is just the opposite. Fear is what blinds us to the real dangers of life. In fact, fear itself is the greatest danger that the human body faces. It is fear and guilt that bring about disease and failure in every area of our lives.

    David Hawkins
  339. It is an argument that fixes its attention on the forms of human conversation, and postulates that how we are obliged to conduct such conversations will have the strongest possible influence on what ideas we can conveniently express. And what ideas are convenient to express inevitably become the important content of a culture.

    Neil Postman
  340. Undoubtedly I could call Europe my home, but it was a home that refused to acknowledge itself as a whole; instead, as if on the strength of some self-imposed taboo, it classified its population into two categories: members of the family (quarrelsome but respectable) and poor relations.

    Czesław Miłosz
  341. A five-step process to formulating ideas.

    • Gather materials.
    • Masticate the facts.
    • Relax and drop the whole subject.
    • Be ready to recognize and welcome the idea when it comes.
    • Shape and develop your idea into usefulness.

    Bruce Lee
  342. We could take the same protective actions out of love rather than out of fear.

    David Hawkins
  343. As I suggested earlier, it is implausible to imagine that anyone like our twenty-seventh President, the multi-chinned, three-hundred-pound William Howard Taft, could be put forward as a presidential candidate in today’s world. The shape of a man’s body is largely irrelevant to the shape of his ideas when he is addressing a public in writing or on the radio or, for that matter, in smoke signals. But it is quite relevant on television. The grossness of a three-hundred-pound image, even a talking one, would easily overwhelm any logical or spiritual subtleties conveyed by speech. For on television, discourse is conducted largely through visual imagery, which is to say that television gives us a conversation in images, not words. The emergence of the image-manager in the political arena and the concomitant decline of the speech writer attest to the fact that television demands a different kind of content from other media. You cannot do political philosophy on television. Its form works against the content.

    Neil Postman
  344. An idea emotionalized becomes physical. — Any idea that is constantly held in the mind and emotionalized, begins at once to clothe itself in the most convenient and appropriate physical form that is available.

    Bruce Lee
  345. The model citizen was one who appeared out of nowhere, with neither memory nor traditions. An ancestor - not a matter of choice, after all - be he rabbi, apartment-house owner or miller, was no asset; he inspired fear and could bring on death or misfortune.

    Czesław Miłosz
  346. Democracy depends on public discourse, and therefore the kind of quality of the discourse is of singular importance. Simply to say that more information is received more quickly in diverse forms, with opportunities for fast feedback, is not to say that democratic processes are enriched.

    Neil Postman
  347. No democratic state should be able to make illegal war on the basis of a deliberate lie and get away with it.

    Tony Judt
  348. Grown-ups like numbers. When you tell them about a new friend the never ask questions about what really matters. They never ask: "What does his voice sound like?" "What games does he like best?" "Does he collect butterflies?" They ask: "How old is he?" "How many brothers does he have?" "How much does he weight?" "How much money does his father make?" Only then do they think they know him. If you tell grown-ups, "I saw a beautiful red brick house, with geraniums at the windows and doves on the roof...," they won't be able to imagine such a house. You have to tell them, "I saw a house worth a hundred thousand francs." Then they exclaim, "What a beautiful house".

    Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
  349. Cultures without speed-of-light media—let us say, cultures in which smoke signals are the most efficient space-conquering tool available—do not have news of the day. Without a medium to create its form, the news of the day does not exist.

    Neil Postman
  350. In between the fear of living and the fear of dying is the guilt of the moment.

    David Hawkins
  351. Unless we can relate to it personally, history will always be no more or less of an abstraction, and its content the clash of important forces and ideas.

    Czesław Miłosz
  352. this book is an inquiry into and a lamentation about the most significant American cultural fact of the second half of the twentieth century: the decline of the Age of Typography and the ascendancy of the Age of Television. This change-over has dramatically and irreversibly shifted the content and meaning of public discourse, since two media so vastly different cannot accommodate the same ideas. As the influence of print wanes, the content of politics, religion, education, and anything else that comprises public business must change and be recast in terms that are most suitable to television.

    Neil Postman
  353. Fear vs. awareness. — The enemy of development is this pain phobia — the unwillingness to do a tiny bit of suffering. As you feel unpleasant you interrupt the continuum of awareness and you become phobic — so therapeutically speaking we continue to grow by means of integrating awareness/attention.

    Bruce Lee
  354. Dissent and dissidence are overwhelmingly the work of the young. It is not by chance that the men and women who initiated the French Revolution, like the reformers and planners of the New Deal and postwar Europe, were distinctly younger than those who had gone before. Rather than resign themselves, young people are more likely to look at a problem and demand that it be solved.

    Tony Judt
  355. ... the clearest way to see through a culture is to attend to its tools for conversation.

    Neil Postman
  356. Guilt represents death just as love represents life. Guilt is part of the smallers self and underlies our willingness to believe negative things about ourselves.

    David Hawkins
  357. In subtle ways, the economic power links up with political power and the power of the media to create something once called Mafia-democracy.

    Václav Havel
  358. Doubtless every family archive that perishes, every account book that is burned, every attachment of the past reinforces classifications and ideas at the expense of reality. Afterward, all that remains of entire centuries is a kind of popular digest. And not one of us today is immune to that contagion.

    Czesław Miłosz
  359. Never underestimate the power of a few committed people to change the world. Indeed, it is the only thing that ever has.

    Margaret Mead
  360. Do not start from a conclusion. — To understand, surely, there must be a state of choiceless awareness in which there is no sense of comparison or condemnation, no waiting for a further development of the thing we are talking about in order to agree or disagree — don’t start from a conclusion above all.

    Bruce Lee
  361. ... I think that the creation of a new political world order requires that special attention to be paid to the problem of borders between individual spheres of civilization, a problem that can be solved only if the spheres that are momentarily wealthier cease to consider themselves superior to those that are momentarily poorer.

    Václav Havel
  362. I wondered then, as so many others have, as to why the God of these people would have included instructions on how they were to symbolize, or not symbolize, their experience. It is a strange injunction to include as part of an ethical system unless its author assumed a connection between forms of human communication and the quality of a culture.

    Neil Postman
  363. It was only with hindsight that I could appreciate how ironic nationalistic Europe seems to those who, thanks to just such an ancestor, had been expose to and old-fashioned way of thinking far more humane than the new way, with its fanatical discrimination.

    Czesław Miłosz
  364. I think that politicians in office have a duty to work for peace and for a better and more just world; you might say that's what thet're paid for and so it's better that the prize go to someone who works for good cause voluntarily, and possibly at great risk.

    Václav Havel
  365. It is because of our inner innocence that we have bought into all the negativity of the world and allowed it to kill our aliveness, destroy our awareness of who we really are, and sell us pathetic little smallness for which we have settled.

    David Hawkins
  366. Emotions are both positive and negative. — Realizing that my emotions are both Positive and negative, I will form daily Habits which will encourage the development of the positive emotions and aid me in converting the negative emotions into some form of useful action.

    Bruce Lee
  367. The God of the Jews was to exist in the Word and through the Word, an unprecedented conception requiring the highest order of abstract thinking.

    Neil Postman
  368. It was a black congregation. There was a tremendeous sense of community. They sand magnificently and, in a kind of ecstacy, communicated not only with their Cristian God, but through him perhaps with all the deities that humankind has ever had. The atmosphere of friendship, mutual respect, and solidarity was fascinating.

    Václav Havel
  369. Exceptional privileges and a high income do not always have to go together, because money can be replaced by fame; nor must they necessary go with freedom, for the state, even as it tames and subjugates an artist or scientist, by this very effort pays homage to his role and his importance.

    Czesław Miłosz
  370. In a culture dominated by print, public discourse tends to be characterized by a coherent, orderly arrangement of facts and ideas. The public for whom it is intended is generally competent to manage such discourse. In a print culture, writers make mistakes when they lie, contradict themselves, fail to support their generalizations, try to enforce illogical connections. In a print culture readers make mistakes when they don't notice, or even worse, don't care.

    Neil Postman
  371. How wonderful it is, by comparison, to be a writer! You write something in a couple of weeks, and it's here for ages. What will remain when presidents and prime ministers are gone? Some references to them in textbooks, most likely inaccurate.

    Václav Havel
  372. One should appreciate, after all, the advantages of one's origin. Its worth lies in the power it gives one to detach oneself from the present moment.

    Czesław Miłosz
  373. The most exciting breakthroughs of the twenty-first century will not occur because of technology, but because of an expanding concept of what it means to be human.

    John Naisbitt
  374. The proper analogy for industrial education is industrial farming.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  375. Once we have looked deep within ourselves and found that innate inner innocence, we will stop hating ourselves.

    David Hawkins
  376. I am secure in my independence and therefore feel no need to demonstrate it.

    Václav Havel
  377. Wisdom can be found in intuition, too. Intuition honors the complex, ambiguous, paradoxical, non-linear nature of reality; we unconsciously connect patterns in a way that our rational mind cannot. Intuition is a muscle that can be trained, just like logical thinking: when we learn to pay attention to our intuitions, to honor them, to question them for the truth and guidance they might contain, more intuitive answers will surface.

    Frederic Laloux
  378. I believe, a wise and particularly relevant supposition that the media of communication available to a culture are a dominant influence on the formation of the culture’s intellectual and social preoccupations.

    Neil Postman
  379. In the state of acceptance, it is possible to forgive our own past, as well as that of others, and to heal past resentments. It is also possible to see the hidden gift in past events about which we have been resentful - including their possible karmic significance.

    David Hawkins
  380. We must (AP) approach the book as cultural therapy, as indispensable ingredient in communal diet, necessary for maintenance of civilized values as opposed to tribal values.

    Marshall McLuhan
  381. Education should enable students to become economically responsible and independent.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  382. Simple pleasures. I like light rain. It gives one such a sense of calmness and tranquillity. I enjoy walking in the rain. But most of all, I like books. I read all types of books — fiction and nonfiction.

    Bruce Lee
  383. Imagined futures are always more about where we have been than where we are going.

    Neil Postman
  384. I gave a speech in Paris for the representatives of the largest multinational corporations, the actual rules of our current global world. I wrote a pointed speach that ws highly critical of the behavior of global corporations, of their inscurpulousness, of the growing uniformity of the world, of the omnipresent dictatorship of advertisements, of profit, and so on.

    Václav Havel
  385. Each medium, like language itself, makes possible a unique mode of discourse by providing a new orientation for thought, for expression, for sensibility.

    Neil Postman
  386. In the Buddhist view, that is to say, what is keeping us out of the garden is not the jealousy or wrath of any god, but our own instinctive attachment to what we take to be our lives. Our sense, outward-directed to the world of space and time, have attached us to that world and to our mortal bodies within it. We are loath to give up what we take to be goods and pleasures of this physical life, and this attachment is great fact, the great circuimstance or barrier, that is keeping us out of the garden. This, and this alone, is preventing us from recognizing within ourselves that immortal and universal consciousness of which our physical senses, outward-tuned, are but the agents.

    According to this teaching, no actual cherub with a falming sword is required to keep us out of our inward garden, since we are keeping ourselves out, through our avid interest in the outward, mortal aspects both of ourselves and of our world. What is symbolized in our passage of the guarded gate is our abandonment of both the world so known and ourselves so known within it: the phenomenal, mere appearence of things seen as born and dying, with desire and fear. Of the two big Buddhist cherubim, one has the mouth open, the other, the mouth closed - in token (I have been told) of the way we experience things in this temporal world, in terms always of pairs-of-opposites. Passing between, we are to leave such thinking behind.

    Joseph Campbell
  387. Shame is fear of humiliation. — Shame is fear of humiliation at one’s inferior status in the estimation of others.

    Bruce Lee
  388. Education should enable students to understand and appreciate their own cultures and to respect the diversity of others.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  389. Societies are complex and contain conflicting interests. To assert otherwise—to deny distinctions of class or wealth or influence—is just a way to promote one set of interests above another.

    Tony Judt
  390. Life is beautiful because, among other things, it is unpredictable and you can never be completely prepared for what comes along.

    Václav Havel
  391. it is less obvious for some of the great paradoxes of life that we only start to truly understand when we reach Teal: freedom and responsibility, solitude and community, tending to the self and tending to others.

    Frederic Laloux
  392. “The clock,” Mumford has concluded, “is a piece of power machinery whose ‘product’ is seconds and minutes.” In manufacturing such a product, the clock has the effect of disassociating time from human events and thus nourishes the belief in an independent world of mathematically measurable sequences. Moment to moment, it turns out, is not God’s conception, or nature’s. It is man conversing with himself about and through a piece of machinery he created.

    Neil Postman
  393. To forget our mistakes is bad. But to forget our successes may be worth.

    Neil Postman
  394. There are many definitions of freedom. One of them proclaims that freedom is the ability to drink and unlimited quantity of vodka.

    Czesław Miłosz
  395. Only a fool could believe that the nation, or the whole humanity for that matter, would change overnight and that everyone would start to behave wisely, unselfishly, altruistically, ready to make sacrifices for a good cause.

    Václav Havel
  396. As humanity becomes more numerous and interwoven, living respectfully within diversity is not just ethical choice, it is a practical imperative.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  397. as Mumford points out, with the invention of the clock, Eternity ceased to serve as the measure and focus of human events.

    Neil Postman
  398. ...they are likely to affiliate only with organizations that have a clear and noble purpose of their own.

    Frederic Laloux
  399. (AP: Pilsudski's) was ... a vision of a non-national state embracing both the Polish Kingdom ad the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. A dream that was either anachronism or too modern - depending upon how it would have been realized in practice. At an hour of awakening nationalism, such a conception was both too later and too early.

    Czesław Miłosz
  400. Mainly, though, despite all the things that so upset us today, conditions now are incomparably better than they were under communism. Moreover, the country is part of such a solid system of international relationships and guarantees that any form of subjugation coming from outside now seems virtually out of the questions. I think that we have never in our entire dramatic history, enjoed this kind of certainty before.

    Václav Havel
  401. When people do not have a satisfactory narrative to generate a sense of purpose and continuity, a kind of psychic disorientation takes hold, followed by a frantic search for something to believe in or, probably worse, a resigned conclusion that there is nothing to find.

    Neil Postman
  402. Today, we are encouraged to believe in the idea that politics reflects our opinions and helps us shape a shared public space. Politicians talk and we respond—with our votes. But the truth is quite other. Most people don’t feel as though they are part of any conversation of significance. They are told what to think and how to think it. They are made to feel inadequate as soon as issues of detail are engaged; and as for general objectives, they are encouraged to believe that these have long since been determined.

    Tony Judt
  403. Education should enable young people to engage with the world within them as well as the world around them.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  404. The aim of the self-willed man is growth. — A self-willed man has no other aim than his own growth. He values only one thing, the mysterious power in himself which bids him live and helps him to grow. His only living destiny is the silent, ungainsayable law in his own heart, which comfortable habits make it so hard to obey but which to the self-willed man is destiny and godhead.

    Bruce Lee
  405. Whereas the level of instruction represented in the Bible story is that, pretty much, of nursery tale of disobedience and its punishment, inculcating an attitude of dependency, fear, and respectful devotion, such as might be thought appropriate for a child in relation to a parent, the Buddhist teaching, in contrast, is for self-responsible adults.

    Joseph Campbell
  406. Uncritical respect is always punished, but it is the object of that respect who is punished, not those who counter it.

    Václav Havel
  407. our tools for thought suggest to us what our bodies are like, as when someone refers to her “biological clock,” or when we talk of our “genetic codes,” or when we read someone’s face like a book, or when our facial expressions telegraph our intentions.

    Neil Postman
  408. The heart of education is the relationship between the student and the teacher. Everything else depends on how productive and successful that relationship is.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  409. If a problem is stated in the wrong terms, it cannot be solved.

    Czesław Miłosz
  410. ... I genuinely believe that the absolutely fundamental difference between the European trandition and other cultures lies in the different notions of time and that it is fundamental source of the European idea of development and progress. Other cultures, on the contrary, honor the status quo, quietude, leaving things in place, etc., etc.

    Václav Havel
  411. I write for those who are still searching for a way to confront the future, a way that faces reality as it is, that is connected to a humane tradition, that provides sane authority and meaningful purpose... Where should we look for such a way? Well, of course, one turns first to the wisdom of the sages, both near and far. Marcus Aurelius said, "At every action, no matter by whom preferred, make it a practice to ask yourself, 'What is his object in doing this?' But begin with yourself; out this question to yourself first of all." Goethe told us, "One should, each day, try to hear a little song, read a good poem, see a fine picture, and, if possible, speak a few reasonable words." Socrates said, "The unexamined life is not worth living." Rabbi Hillel said, "What is hateful to thee, do not do to another." The prophet Micah: "What does Lord require of thee but do justly, to love mercy and to walk humbly with The God." And our own Henry David Thoreau said, "All our inventions are but improved means to an unimproved end."

    Neil Postman
  412. Try not to offend. — I’ll not willingly offend, nor be easily offended.

    Bruce Lee
  413. Nothing is as powerful as an idea whose time has come.

    Victor Hugo
  414. Another characteristic of the level of acceptance is that we are no longer concerned with moralistic judgement, with "good" and "bad"... It is easy to see what is desrtuctive and what is optimal, without judging anything as "evil."

    David Hawkins
  415. And our languages are our media. Our media are our metaphors. Our metaphors create the content of our culture.

    Neil Postman
  416. One should, each day, try to hear a little song, read a good poem, see a fine picture, and, if possible, speak a few reasonable words.

    Goethe
  417. I think that it's a sad thing that the parties, rather than thinking about which system is best for the country, always think first of all which system is best for them at a particular time. Consequently their positions on referenda, the direct election of the president, the electoral system, and similar themes are constantly changing, or rather, being passed from party to party like a relay baton.

    Václav Havel
  418. Most people ... are like a falling leaf, which is blown and is turning around through the air, and wavers, and tumbles to the ground. But others, a few, are like stars, they go on a fixed course, no wind reaches them, in themselves they have their law and their course.

    Hermann Hesse
  419. As we have seen, our present approach to welfare provision encourages the view that those who cannot secure regular work are in some measure responsible for their own misfortune. The more such people we have in our midst, the greater the risks to civic and political stability.

    Tony Judt
  420. At every action, no matter by whom preferred, make it a practice to ask yourself, "What is his object in doing this?" But begin with yourself; out this question to yourself first of all.

    Marcus Aurelius
  421. There is the world that exists whether or not you exist: the world of other people., of material objects and events. There is also a world that exists only because you exist: the world of your private consciousness. One of the challenges of being alive is making sense of both of these worlds and of relationships between them.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  422. There are three clear legacies of the eighteenth century that bear on education; that is to say, on schooling. The first ... is the idea that schooling must be based on understanding the nature of childhood and, in particular, of the different stages through which the young travel on their journey to adulthood. The second ... is the idea that an educated populace is a national resources. And the third is the assumption than an educated mind is practiced in the uses of reason, which inevitably leads to a skeptical - one might event say scientific - outlook.

    Neil Postman
  423. Perhaps we might all be reassured by the known fact that today's sensation will be completely forgotten by the day after tomorrow and that everyone is already looking forward to the day after tomorrow's sensations.

    Václav Havel
  424. (AP: Howard Gardner) identifies eight modes of intelligence and suggests that we all have a unique blend of all of them.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  425. we do not measure a culture by its output of undisguised trivialities but by what it claims as significant. Therein is our problem, for television is at its most trivial and, therefore, most dangerous when its aspirations are high, when it presents itself as a carrier of important cultural conversations.

    Neil Postman
  426. The unexamined life is not worth living.

    Socrates
  427. Why do so many people work so hard so they can escape to Disneyland? Why are video games more popular than work? … Why do many workers spend years dreaming about and planning for retirement? The reason is simple and dispiriting. We have made the workplace a frustrating and joyless place where people do what they’re told and have few ways to participate in decisions or fully use their talents. As a result, they naturally gravitate to pursuits in which they can exercise a measure of control over their lives. In most organizations I have been exposed to around the world, … we still have the offices “above” the working people … who, without consulting workers, make decisions that dramatically affect their lives.

    Dennis Bakke
  428. In the human species, with its great brain requiring many years to mature, on the other hand, the young are again born too soon, and instead of a pouch we have the home, which is again a sort of external second womb.

    Joseph Campbell
  429. Love and respect. — Without respect, love cannot go long.

    Bruce Lee
  430. Oh, was not all suffering time, were not all forms of tormenting oneself and being afraid time, was not everything hard, everything hostile in the world gone and overcome as soon as one had overcome time, as soon as time would have been put out of existence by one's thoughts?

    Hermann Hesse
  431. Yesterday was the sixtieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War... It seems that Putin is treating this anniversary as somewhat of a celebration of himself and his way of governing, which understandably causes some awkwardness.

    Václav Havel
  432. All our inventions are but improved means to an unimproved end.

    Henry David Thoreau
  433. The odium fell on the Byelorussians, who were known for their passivity, shiftlessness, and defeatism in the face of destiny.

    Czesław Miłosz
  434. Children in these (AP: hunter-gatherer) cultures were allowed to play without adult guidance all day. The adults considered play essential to learning skills that lead to becoming responsible grown-ups.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  435. the concept of truth is intimately linked to the biases of forms of expression.

    Neil Postman
  436. Now it is during this life stage of the home that all the basic social imprintings are established. They are there associated, however, with an attitude of dependency that has to be left behind before psychological maturity can be attained. The young human being responds to the challenges of its environment by turning to its parents for advice, support, and protection, and before it can be trusted as an adult, this patterning must be altered. Accordingly, one of the first functions of puberty rites of primitive societies, and indeed of education everywhere, has been always that of switching the response system of adolescents from dependency to responsibility - which is n easy transformation to achieve. And with the extension of the period of dependency in our own civilization into the middle or even later twenties, the challenge is today more threatening than ever, and our failures are increasingly apparent.

    Joseph Campbell
  437. A human … experiences himself, his thoughts and feelings, as something separated from the rest. This delusion is a kind of prison for us, restricting us to our personal desires and to affection for a few persons nearest us. Our task must be to free ourselves from this prison by widening our circles of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole of nature in its beauty.

    Albert Einstein
  438. What is hateful to thee, do not do to another.

    Rabbi Hillel
  439. ...even if we concede that there is no higher purpose to life, we need to ascribe meaning to our actions in a way that transcends them. Merely asserting that something is or is not in our material interest will not satisfy most of us most of the time. To convince others that something is right or wrong we need a language of ends, not means. We don’t have to believe that our objectives are poised to succeed. But we do need to be able to believe in them.

    Tony Judt
  440. I would like to touch upon three matters: a) the proposed new relationship of the Church to Hus as ab act of confessional reconciliation; b) the related idea of the ecumenical future of the world as a way of saving civilization; c) the meaning of the Christmas holidays and the Christmas tree.

    Václav Havel
  441. In acceptance, we ... accept that others have come to their understanding of life and their ethical views in a way that makes sense to them, even if their beliefs and behaviors are quite different from ours.

    David Hawkins
  442. Thanks to movies, I existed parallel in time to people my own age in France, Holland, or America.

    Czesław Miłosz
  443. What does Lord require of thee but do justly, to love mercy and to walk humbly with The God.

    prophet Micah
  444. Children "are designed, by nature, to play and explore on their own, independently of adults. They need freedom in order to develop; without it they suffer. The drive to play freely is a basic, biological drive".

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  445. The spiritual force transcends all. — I feel I have this great creative and spiritual force within me that is greater than faith, greater than ambition, greater than confidence, greater than determination, greater than vision. It is all these combined. My brain becomes magnetized with this dominating force which I hold in my hand.

    Bruce Lee
  446. Slowly blossomed, slowly ripened in Siddhartha the realisation, the knowledge, what wisdom actually was, what the goal of his long search was. It was nothing but a readiness of the soul, an ability, a secret art, to think every moment, while living his life, the thought of oneness, to be able to feel and inhale the oneness.

    Hermann Hesse
  447. When I said that we would no longer be a satellite but a partner, Gorbachev had an interesting reaction. He said that "satellite" was a very strong and inaccurate word, but that he would forgive me for using such a colorful expression because I was a literary man. And I said to myself, so this is how history is made.

    Václav Havel
  448. Typography assisted in the growth of the nation-state but thereby made patriotism into a sordid if not lethal emotion.

    Neil Postman
  449. The first requirenment if any society is that its adult membership should realize and represent the fact that it is they who constitute its life and being. And the first funcion of the rites of puberty, accordingly, must be to establish in the individual a system of sentiments that will be appropriate to the society in which he is to live, and on which that society itself must depen for its existence.

    Joseph Campbell
  450. Skepticism is the principal legacy of the Enlightenment. There is nothing more profound to do than to carry that legacy forward by making and effort at conveying it to our young.

    Neil Postman
  451. In acceptance, we are free to be in the present. Ince we have accepted our own true nature and the ways of the universe as they are reflected in our world, there is no longer regret about the past, nor is there fear of the future. Fear of the future no longer exists, when the past has been healed.

    David Hawkins
  452. What bothered me most, however, was the fact that I found a lack of conceptual vision, not only in the economy, but in our very understanding of what the state should be. "The invisible hand of the market" was supposed to take care of everything, but there are things it simply can't take care of, and I would even say that this glorious "invisible hand" is occosionally capable of committing highly visible crimes.

    Václav Havel
  453. On organized religion. — I have no religion whatsoever. I believe that life is a process and that man is a self-made product. The spirit of the individual is determined by his dominating thought habits.

    Bruce Lee
  454. Free play is the means by which children learn to make friends, overcome their fears, solve their own problems, and generally take control of their own lives. It is also the primary means by which children practice and acquire the physical and intellectual skills that are essential for successes in the culture in which they are growing... The things that children learn through their own initiatives, in free play, cannot be taught in other ways.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  455. One should be cautious, however, about equating economic inferiority with weakness in all spheres.

    Czesław Miłosz
  456. Wisdom which a wise man tries to pass on to someone always sounds like foolishness.

    Hermann Hesse
  457. Advertising was, as Stephen Douglas said in another context, intended to appeal to understanding, not to passions.

    Neil Postman
  458. A country that finds itself at a historical crossroads must have an idea of what it is, of its possibilities, of what it wishes to be, of what role it wants to play, of what it will put its money on, and, on the contrary, what it will try to avoid. This view must be partly the outcome of the very broad and practical discussion that draws on a variety of expert analyses, and it must reach beyond the limits of individual political programs or electoral mandates.

    Václav Havel
  459. Creative work in any domain involves increasing control of the knowledge, concepts, and practices that have shaped that domain and a deepening understanding of the traditions and achievements in which it is based.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  460. Big is not always better, more not always desirable; but we are discouraged from expressing the thought.

    Tony Judt
  461. ... our most immediate mysterious neighbor today is not the animal or the plant; nor is it any longer the heavenly vault with its wonderfully moving lights. Frobenius points out that we have demythologized those through our sciences, and that the center of mystery now is man himself...

    Joseph Campbell
  462. Documents were thought up by bureaucrats to poison people's lives, and one should not have to stick to closely to regulations.

    Czesław Miłosz
  463. Knowledge can be conveyed, but not wisdom. It can be found, it can be lived, it is possible to be carried by it, miracles can be performed with it, but it cannot be expressed in words and taught.

    Hermann Hesse
  464. I would develop the idea that it is we ourselves who are undermining our own identity - by the terrible way we speak, the appaling architecture we put up, our lack of respect for the landscape and historical buildings, our dubious urbanization, the way we've given up on the plurality of trades and small businesses, the depopulation of the countryside, the construction of ever greater monuments to consumption without increasing the productivity and efficiency of our own industries or making a sophisticated attempts to market our own products... We are becoming just another globalized country.

    Václav Havel
  465. We fear that the inner vvoyage of discovery will leave us to some dreadful, awful truth. In its programming of our minds, this is one of the barriers that the world has set up to prevent us from finding out the real truth. There os one thing the world does not want us to find out and that is the truth about ourselves. Why? Because then we will become free.

    David Hawkins
  466. Zobrist’s ability to keep his fear in check paved the way for a radically more productive and empowering approach and showed that it is possible to confront employees with a harsh problem and let them self-organize their way out of it.

    Frederic Laloux
  467. Think of Richard Nixon or Jimmy Carter or Billy Graham, or even Albert Einstein, and what will come to your mind is an image, a picture of a face, most likely a face on a television screen (in Einstein’s case, a photograph of a face). Of words, almost nothing will come to mind. This is the difference between thinking in a word-centered culture and thinking in an image-centered culture.

    Neil Postman
  468. The key to raising achievement is to recognize that teaching and learning is a relationship. Students need teachers who connect with them. And above all, they need teachers who believe in them.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  469. Character is the form of the soul. — Character is to the soul what outward appearance is to the body. A man’s genuineness and refinement should not reveal themselves directly; they should express themselves only indirectly as an effect from within.

    Bruce Lee
  470. By continual surrender, we experience the stae of unconditional love (calibrates at 540), which is rare and occurs in only .04% of the population.

    David Hawkins
  471. School is traditionally considered a place for students to learn answers, not the questions which evoke answers. What will happen if a student, being given a set of facts, asks, "What is a fact? How is it different from an opinion? And who is to judge?"

    Neil Postman
  472. The opposite of every truth is just as true! That's like this: any truth can only be expressed and put into words when it is one-sided. Everything is one-sided which can be thought with thoughts and said with words, it's all one-sided, all just one half, all lacks completeness, roundness, oneness.

    Hermann Hesse
  473. What we lack is a moral narrative: an internally coherent account that ascribes purpose to our actions in a way that transcends them.

    Tony Judt
  474. Creativity is the process of having original ideas that have values.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  475. Yesterday I was clever, so I wanted to change the world. Today I am wise, so I am changing myself.

    Rumi
  476. Imagination is the root of creativity. It is the ability to bring to mind things that aren't present to our senses. Creativity is putting your imagination to work. It is applied imagination. Innovation is putting new ideas into practice.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  477. I can consider myself a typical Eastern European. It seems to be true that his differentia specifica can be boiled down to a lack of form - both inner and outer. His good qualities - intellectual activity, fervor in discussion, a sense of irony, freshness of feeling, spatial (or geographical) fantasy - derive from a basic weakness: he always remains an adolescent, governed by a sudden ebb or flow of inner chaos. Form is achieved in stable societies.

    Czesław Miłosz
  478. Out of humanity, all options about others are surrendered. In a certain way, nobody can help being other than what the are.

    David Hawkins
  479. These subjects are about the relationship between language and reality; they are about differences between kind of statements, about the nature of propaganda, about the ways in which we search for truths, and just about everything else one needs to know in order to use language in a disciplined way and to know when others aren't.

    Neil Postman
  480. The world ... is not imperfect, or on a slow path towards perfection: no, it is perfect in every moment, all sin already carries the divine forgiveness in itself, all small children already have the old person in themselves, all infants already have death, all dying people the eternal life.

    Hermann Hesse
  481. On the therapeutic benefits of jogging. — Jogging is not only a form of exercise to me, it is also a form of relaxation. It is my own hour every morning when I can be alone with my thoughts.

    Bruce Lee
  482. Whatever you do or dream you can do—begin it. Boldness has genius and power and magic in it.

    Goethe
  483. In the Orient the guiding ideal is that each should realize that hinself and all others are of the one substance of that universal Being of beings which is, in fact, the same Self in all. Hence the typical aim of an Oriental religion is that one should experience and realize in life one's identity with that Being; whereas in the West, following our Bible, the ideal is, rather, to become engaged in a relationship with that absolutely other Person who is one's Maker, aprt and "out there," in no sense one's innermost Self.

    Joseph Campbell
  484. ... the idea that the value of information need not be tied to any function it might serve in social and political decision-making and action, but may attach merely to its novelty, interest, and curiosity. The telegraph made information into a commodity, a “thing” that could be bought and sold irrespective of its uses or meaning.

    Neil Postman
  485. (AP: Creative work) is a dynamic process that often involves making new connections, crossing disciplines, and using metaphors and analogies.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  486. Modern civilization, if is said, creates uniform boredom and destroys individuality. If so, then this is one sickness I had been spared.

    Czesław Miłosz
  487. All it takes to scare the soul away is to make a sarcastic comment or to roll the eyes in a meeting. If we are to invite all of who we are to show up, including the shy inner voice of the soul, we need to create safe and caring spaces at work. We must learn to discern and be mindful of the subtle ways our words and actions undermine safety and trust in a community of colleagues.

    Frederic Laloux
  488. Whatever else we bring into the new century, we will certainly feature the greatest array of propagandistic techniques in the history of humankind.

    Neil Postman
  489. Therefore, I see whatever exists as good, death is to me like life, sin like holiness, wisdom like foolishness, everything has to be as it is, everything only requires my consent, only my willingness, my loving agreement, to be good for me, to do nothing but work for my benefit, to be unable to ever harm me.

    Hermann Hesse
  490. Every great teacher since the beginning of time time has said to look within and find the truth, for the truth of what we really are will set us free. If what is to be found within ourselves were something to feel guilty about, something that is rotten, evil and negative, then all the world's great teachers would not advise us to look there.

    Joseph Campbell
  491. A key to making love unconditional is the willingness to forgive. With forgiveness, events and people are re-contextualized as simply "limited" - not "bad" or "unlovable." With humility, we are willing to relinquish our perception of a past event.

    David Hawkins
  492. On diet. — Only eat what your body requires, and don’t [become] carried away with foods that don’t benefit you.

    Bruce Lee
  493. The people of the Orient are not in exile from their god. The ultimate divine mystery is there found immanent within each. It is not "out there" somewhere. It is within you... The only difficulty is, however, that some folk simply don't know how to look within. The fault is no one's, if not one's own... The problem is psychological. And it can be solved.

    Joseph Campbell
  494. But today I see that the effect those exercises had on me cannot be measured by the sparsity of material. The time we devoted to them, although I did not suspect it then, was to gave far greater weight than the whole days of storing up useless facts from different fields.

    Czesław Miłosz
  495. Marvin Minsky and others working in the field of artificial intelligence have prophesied enthusiastically that humans will become merely pets of their computers.

    Neil Postman
  496. It was not long until the fortunes of newspapers came to depend not on the quality or utility of the news they provided, but on how much, from what distances, and at what speed. James Bennett of the New York Herald boasted that in the first week of 1848, his paper contained 79,000 words of telegraphic content —of what relevance to his readers, he didn’t say. Only four years after Morse opened the nation’s first telegraph line on May 24, 1844, the Associated Press was founded, and news from nowhere, addressed to no one in particular, began to criss-cross the nation. Wars, crimes, crashes, fires, floods—much of it the social and political equivalent of Adelaide’s whooping cough—became the content of what people called “the news of the day.”

    Neil Postman
  497. ...one man's treasure and wisdom always sounds like foolishness to another person.

    Hermann Hesse
  498. These ideas - that people create meanings by the names they use, and we are free to rejects the names that are given - are central to language education, and are one's principal source of defense against a culture in which propaganda is the largest industry.

    Neil Postman
  499. The ability to think clearly, to consider arguments logically, and to weigh evidence dispassionately is one of the hallmarks of human intelligence... Critical thinking involves more than formal logic. It involves interpreting what's needed, understanding the context, fathoming hidden values and feelings, discerning motives, detecting bias, and presenting concise conclusions in the most appropriate forms... The need has never been greater ... to separate fact from opinion, sense from nonsense, and honesty from deception... Critical thinking should be at the heart of every discipline in school and cultivated habit outside it too.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  500. Most important was the ability I acquired, once and for all, to concentrate not only on the meaning but on the art of connecting words, the certainty I gained that what one says changes, depending upon how one says it.

    Czesław Miłosz
  501. The recruitment process is often an uncomfortable dance of two partners wearing high heels to look taller, tight clothes to tuck the belly in, and so much make-up that you would not recognize them on a normal day.

    Frederic Laloux
  502. The degree to which we have not allowed ourselves to experience reality of our true Self is represented by our resentment toward those who have actually done so. We resent their aliveness in the areas in which we feel disabled. This sobering truth is represented by the story of the man who walks along the beacj and comes upon a fishermen, "You'd better put a cover on that pail or the crabs will get out." "Well, no," said the wise old fisherman. "There is no need for that. You see, as one crab crawls up the side of the pail to get out, the other crabs reach up and grab him and pull him back down. So there is no need for a cover."

    Joseph Campbell
  503. What is important about a lightbulb is not the filament or the galss but the light which this bulbs are to render; and what is important about each of us is not the body and its nerves but the consciousness that shines through them. And when one lives for that, instead of for protection of the bulb, one is in Buddha consciousness.

    Joseph Campbell
  504. For most of us, news of the weather will sometimes have such consequences ; for investors, news of the stock market; perhaps an occasional story about a crime will do it, if by chance the crime occurred near where you live or involved someone you know. But most of our daily news is inert, consisting of information that gives us something to talk about but cannot lead to any meaningful action. This fact is the principal legacy of the telegraph: By generating an abundance of irrelevant information, it dramatically altered what may be called the “information-action ratio.”

    Neil Postman
  505. We look at the payoffs we're getting from keeping of what occured, and we let go of each of each little payoff: the please of self-pity, of "being right", of being "wronged," and of our resentments.

    David Hawkins
  506. The science curriculum is usually focused on communicating the known facts of each discipline without serious attention ... to the history of discipline, the mistakes scientist have made, the methods they use and have used, or the ways in which scientific claims are either refuted or confirmed.

    Neil Postman
  507. In many schools, young people largely work on their own; they learn in group but not as groups.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  508. ...fraternity, for all its fatuity as a political objective, turns out to be the necessary condition of politics itself. The inculcation of a sense of common purpose and mutual dependence has long been regarded as the linchpin of any community.

    Tony Judt
  509. I am suspicious of people who want us to be forward-looking. I literally do not know what they mean when they say, "We must look ahead to see where we are going". What is it that they wish us to look at? There is nothing yet to see in the future. If looking ahead means anything, it must mean finding in our past useful and humane ideas with which to fill the future.

    Neil Postman
  510. Perfection is worth the effort and it cannot be measured by the clock; in other words, he showed us how to respect literature as a fruit of arduous labor.

    Czesław Miłosz
  511. What’s my big beef with capitalism? That it desacralizes everything, robs the world of wonder, and leaves it as nothing more than a vulgar market. The fastest way to cheapen anything—be it a woman, a favor, or a work of art—is to put a price tag on it. And that’s what capitalism is, a busy greengrocer going through his store with a price-sticker machine—ka-CHUNK! ka-CHUNK!—$4.10 for eggs, $5 for coffee at Sightglass, $5,000 per month for a run-down one-bedroom in the Mission.

    Think I’m exaggerating?

    Stop and think for a moment what this whole IPO ritual was about. For the first time, Facebook shares would have a public price. For all the pageantry and cheering, this was Mr. Market coming along with his price-sticker machine and—ka-CHUNK!—putting one on Facebook for $38 per share. And everyone was ecstatic about it. It was one of the highlights of the technology industry, and one of the “once in a lifetime” moments of our age. In pre-postmodern times, only a divine ritual of ancient origin, victory in war, or the direct experience of meaningful culture via shared songs, dances, or art would cause anybody such revelry. Now we’re driven to ecstasies of delirium because we have a price tag, and our life’s labors are validated by the fact it does. That’s the smoldering ambition of every entrepreneur: to one day create an organization that society deems worthy of a price tag.

    Antonio García Martínez
  512. On smoking drinking and gambling — I don’t drink nor smoke and those events are many times senseless. I’m not a smoker because I don’t think putting smoke into your body is quite the thing to do. As for alcohol, I think it tastes awful. Don’t know why anyone should want to drink the stuff. As for gambling, I don’t believe in getting something for nothing.

    Bruce Lee
  513. Sir John Eccles, Nobel Laurete, stated that after a lifetime of study it became apparent that the brain is not the origin of the mind, as science and medicine had believed, but the other way around. The mind controls the brain, which acts as a receiving station (like a radio) with thoughts being similar to radio waves and the brain being similar to the receiver.

    David Hawkins
  514. What steps do you plan to take to reduce the conflict in the Middle East? Or the rates of inflation, crime and unemployment? What are your plans for preserving the environment or reducing the risk of nuclear war? What do you plan to do about NATO, OPEC, the CIA, affirmative action, and the monstrous treatment of the Baha’is in Iran? I shall take the liberty of answering for you: You plan to do nothing about them. You may, of course, cast a ballot for someone who claims to have some plans, as well as the power to act. But this you can do only once every two or four years by giving one hour of your time, hardly a satisfying means of expressing the broad range of opinions you hold. Voting, we might even say, is the next to last refuge of the politically impotent. The last refuge is, of course, giving your opinion to a pollster, who will get a version of it through a desiccated question, and then will submerge it in a Niagara of similar opinions, and convert them into—what else?—another piece of news. Thus, we have here a great loop of impotence: The news elicits from you a variety of opinions about which you can do nothing except to offer them as more news, about which you can do nothing.

    Neil Postman
  515. ...too often we use feedback to try to mold other people into how we believe they should be. There is no faster way to make a soul go into hiding.

    Frederic Laloux
  516. ...for stories, as histories, must be past, and the further past ... the better for them as stories and for the storyteller, that conjurer who murmurs in past tenses.

    Thomas Mann
  517. Knowledge is the quest, not a commodity; what we thing we know comes out of what we ones thought we knew; what we will know in the future may make a hash of what we now believe.

    Neil Postman
  518. Enabling young people to work together can enhance self-esteem, stimulate curiosity, heighten social behavior. Through group work, students can learn to cooperate with others in solving problems and meeting common goals, to draw on each other's strength and mitigate weaknesses, and to share and develop ideas. They can learn to negotiate, to resolve conflicts, and to support agreed solutions.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  519. The major advances in civilization are processes that all but wreck the societies in which they occur.

    Alfred North Whitehead
  520. Now, comrades, what is the nature of this life of ours? Let us face it: our lives are miserable, laborious, and short. We are born, we are given just so much food as will keep the breath in our bodies, and those of us who are capable of it are forced to the last atom of our strength; and the very instant that our usefulness has come to an end we are slaughtered with hideous cruelty. No animal in England knows the meaning of happiness or leisure after he is a year old. No animal in England is free. The life of an animal is misery and slavery: that is the plain truth.

    George Orwell
  521. According to our Good Book, God made the world, God made man, and Got and his creatures are not to be conceived of as in any sense identical. Indeed, the preaching of identity is in our best-known view the prime heresy. When Jesus said, "I and the Father are one," he was crusified for blasphemy; and when the Moslem mystic Hallaj, nine centuries later, said the same, he too was crucified. Whereas just that is the ultimate point of what is taught throughout the Orient as religion.

    Joseph Campbell
  522. The principal strength of the telegraph was its capacity to move information, not collect it, explain it or analyze it. In this respect, telegraphy was the exact opposite of typography. Books, for example, are an excellent container for the accumulation, quiet scrutiny and organized analysis of information and ideas. It takes time to write a book, and to read one; time to discuss its contents and to make judgments about their merit, including the form of their presentation. A book is an attempt to make thought permanent and to contribute to the great conversation conducted by authors of the past. Therefore, civilized people everywhere consider the burning of a book a vile form of anti-intellectualism. But the telegraph demands that we burn its contents. The value of telegraphy is undermined by applying the tests of permanence, continuity or coherence. The telegraph is suited only to the flashing of messages, each to be quickly replaced by a more up-to-date message. Facts push other facts into and then out of consciousness at speeds that neither permit nor require evaluation.

    Neil Postman
  523. Space ... prove to have powers normally ascribed only for time; from hour to hour, space brings about changes very like those time produces, yet surpassing them in certain ways. Space, like time, gives birth tp forgetfulness, but does so by removing an individual from all relationships and placing him in a free and pristine state - indeed, in but a moment it can turn a pedant and philistine into something like a vagabond. Time, the say, is water from the river Lethe, but alien air is a similar drink; and if its effects are less profound, it works all the more quickly.

    Thomas Mann
  524. What is there (AP: XX century) to find - the principle of indeterminacy? Nietzsche's arguments for the death of God? Freud's insistence that reason is merely a servant of the genitalia? The idea that language is utterly incapable of providing accurate maps of reality?

    Neil Postman
  525. However, it is not true that an increasingly globalized economy tends to the equalization of wealth—a defense of globalization offered by its more liberal admirers. While inequalities do indeed become less marked between countries, disparities of wealth and poverty within countries actually increased. Moreover, sustained economic expansion in itself guarantees neither equality nor prosperity; it is not even a reliable source of economic development.

    Tony Judt
  526. Many young people now suffer from stress, anxiety, and depression in school... These feelings can lead to boredom, disengagement, anger, and worse... (AP: Schools) can also give students the time and techniques to explore their inner worlds through that daily practice of meditation.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  527. Everything is changing - you, your family, your neighborhood, your education, your job, your government, your relation to the others.

    Marshall McLuhan
  528. Marriage is a friendship. — Marriage is a friendship, a partnership based solidly upon ordinary, everyday occurrences.

    Bruce Lee
  529. Facebook, on the other hand, worships viewthrough value. Since Facebook has no real data about your intent (i.e., it has no idea what you want), it has to manufacture desire rather than exploit it. So in Facebook’s accounting, viewthrough is valuable indeed, and it would very much like credit for that splashy image (or soon, video) it inserted into your feed, even if you didn’t click on it.

    Antonio García Martínez
  530. A human being lives out not only his personal life as an individual, but also, consciously or subconsiously, the lives of his epoch and contemporaries.

    Thomas Mann
  531. Hate is not conquered by hate. Hate is conquered by love. This is eternal law.

    Buddha
  532. Benjamin was the only animal who did not side with either faction. He refused to believe either that food would become more plentiful or that the windmill would save work. Windmill or no windmill, he said, life would go on as it had always gone on - that is, badly.

    George Orwell
  533. Soceities have always been shaped more by the nature of the media by which men commnunicate than by the content of communication.

    Marshall McLuhan
  534. ... those who think - as do many - "Let me first correct society, then get around to myself" are barred from even the outer gate of the mansion of God's peace. All societies are evil, sorrowful, inequitable; and so they will always be. So if you really want to help this world, what you will have to teach is how to live in it. And that no one can do who has not himself learned how to live in it in the joyful sorrow and sorrowful joy of the knowledge of life as it is. That is the meaning of the monstrous Kirttumukha, "Face of Glory", over the entrances to the sanctuaries of the god of yoga, whose bride is the goddess of life. No one can know this god and goddes who will not bow to that mask in reverence and pass humbly through.

    Joseph Campbell
  535. Most students have no idea why Copernicus is to be preferred over Ptolemy. If they know of Ptolemy at all, they know that he was "wrong" and Copernicus was "right", but only because their teacher or textbook says so. This way of believing is what scientists regard as dogmatic and authoritarian. It is the exact opposite of scientific belief.

    Neil Postman
  536. Among their (AP: ancient greeks) values none stood higher than that in all things one should strive for excellence.

    Neil Postman
  537. For it is only at the level of the fourth chakra that specifically human, as distinct from sublimated animal, aims and drives become envisoned and awakened; and, according to the Indian view, it is to this level and beyond (not to the concerns of chakras one, two, and three) that religious symbols, the imagery of art, and the questions of philosophy properly refer.

    Joseph Campbell
  538. For a person to be disposed to more significant deeds that go beyond what is simply required of him - even when his own times may provide no satisfactory answer to the question of why - he needs either a rare, heroic personality that exists in a kind of moral isolation and immediacy, or one characterized by exceptionally robust vitality.

    Thomas Mann
  539. Citizenship education is not about promoting conformity and status quo. It is about championing the need for equal rights, the value of dissent, and the need to balance personal freedoms with the rights of others to live in peace. The skills of citizenship need to be learned and practiced. They also need to be continually renewed. This may be what John Dewey had in mind when he said, "Democracy has to be born every generation, and education is its midwife".

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  540. The one argued that if they could not defend themselves they were bound to be conquered, the other argued that if rebellions happened everywhere they would have no need to defend themselves.

    George Orwell
  541. The alphabet and print technology fostered and encouraged a fragmenting process, a process of specialism and of detachment. Electric technology fosters and encourages unification and involvement.

    Marshall McLuhan
  542. ... approach feedback with the ancient insight shared by all wisdom traditions. We can approach the world from one of two sides: from a place of fear, judgment, and separation; or from one of love, acceptance, and connection.

    Frederic Laloux
  543. At the moment of doing a good deed, resisting temptation, or coming from Confession, we think we are good. In other words, we commit a sin of pride, putting ourselves above others because we cannot forgo the comparison. We pity the sinners who are worse than we are. Of what value then is virtue? Unaware that I was treading the path of St. Augustine, I had hit upon one of Christianity's key problems.

    Czesław Miłosz
  544. (AP: Sport games) provide important opportunities to develop individual and team skills and to share success and failure in controlled environments.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  545. To the telegraph, intelligence meant knowing of lots of things, not knowing about them.

    Neil Postman
  546. "Every culture", Lewis Mumford once wrote, "lives within its dream.". But we often lose our dream, as I believe happened to us in the twentieth century. And we are in danger if we cannot reclaim one that will help us to go forward. What else is history for if not to remind us about our better dreams?

    Neil Postman
  547. The importance of acknowledging your love. — A very important person I like to thank. A quality human being in her own right — giving, loving, stalwart, understanding this animal, Bruce Lee. And letting him simply be. My companion in our separate but intertwined pathways of growth, a definite enricher of my life, the woman I love; and — fortunately for me — my wife. I cannot leave this paragraph without saying that Linda, thanks for the day when, at the University of Washington, Bruce Lee had the honor to meet you.

    Bruce Lee
  548. The death of God doesn't mean man will believe in nothing but that he will believe in anything.

    G. K. Chesterton
  549. Students of media are persistently attacked as evaders, idly concentrating on means or processes rather than on "substance". The dramatic and rapid changes of "substance" elude these accusers.

    Marshall McLuhan
  550. ... work had to be regarded as unconditionally the most estimable think in the world - ultimately there was nothing one could esteem more, it was the principle by which one stood or fell, the absolute of age, the answer, so to speak, to its own question. His respect for work was, in its way, religious and, so far as he knew, unquestioning. But it was another matter to love it.

    Thomas Mann
  551. There is an important Chinese term, wu-wei, "not doing," the meaning of which is "doing nothing," but "not forcing." Things will open up of themselves, according to their nature.

    Joseph Campbell
  552. Everyone will know how to use computers. But what they will not know, as none of us did about everything from automobiles to movies to television, is what are the psychological, social, and political effects of new technologies. And that is a subject that ought to be central in schools... If we are going to make technology education part of the curriculum, its goal must be to teach students to use technology rather than to be used by it. And that means that they must know how a technology's use affects the society in which they live, as well as their own personal lives. This is something we didn't do with television, and, I fear, we are now not doing with computer technology.

    Neil Postman
  553. The sin of inadvetence, not being alert, not quite awake, is the sin of missing the moment of life; whereas the whole of the art of the nonaction that is action (wu-wei) is unremitting alertness. One is then fully conscious all the time, and since life is an expression of consiousness, life is then lived, as it were, of itself. There is no need to instruct it or direct it. Of itself it moves. Of itself it lives. Of itself it speaks and acts.

    Joseph Campbell
  554. I trust that every animal here appreciates the sacrifice that Comrade Napoleon had made in taking extra labour upon himself. Do not imagine, comrades, that leadership is pleasure. On the contrary, it is a deep and heavy responsibility. No one believes more truly than Comrade Napoleon that all animals are equal. He would be only too happy to let you make your decisions for yourselves. But sometimes you might make the wrong decisions, comrades, and then where should we be?

    George Orwell
  555. Today's child is growing up absurd, because he lives in two worlds, and neither of them inclines him to grow up. Growing up - that is our new work, and its total. Mere instructions will not suffice.

    Marshall McLuhan
  556. God is dead.

    Friedrich Nietzsche
  557. Under the spell of frustration, we are predisposed to give up, to abandon. Anger predisposes us to strike back, to seek revenge. A mood of ambition sets us up to shoot higher, to go for it.

    Frederic Laloux
  558. One must apply truth and energy in naming things. It elevates and intesifies life.

    Thomas Mann
  559. I ... propose that, beginning sometime in later elementary school and proceeding with focused detail in high school and beyond, we provide our young with opportunities to study comparative religion. Such studies would promote no particular religion but would aim at illuminating the metaphors, literature, art, and ritual of religious expression itself.

    Neil Postman
  560. Without a change of consiousness, there is no real reduction of stress.

    David Hawkins
  561. When we are at the effect of desire, we are no longer free.

    David Hawkins
  562. The public, in the sence of a great consesus of separate and distinct viewpoints, is finished. Today, the mass audience (the successor to the "public") can be used as a creative, participatory force. It is, instead, merely given packages of passive entertainment.

    Marshall McLuhan
  563. Any situation can be approached from fear and separation, or from love and connection.

    Frederic Laloux
  564. ... photograph presents the world as object; language, the world as idea.

    Neil Postman
  565. Let us not turn to the eighteenth century in order to copy the institutions she fashioned for herself but in order that we may better understand what suits us. Let us look there for instructions rather than models. Let us adopt principles rather than details.

    Neil Postman
  566. Malice ... is the spirit of criticism, and criticism marks the origin of progress and enlightenment.

    Thomas Mann
  567. We now need to liberate ourselves from the opposite notion: that the state is—by definition and always—the worst available option.

    Tony Judt
  568. Effective learners will be happy and successful in life because they are self-dependent and can adapt to demanding situations - they will know what to do when they don't know what to do.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  569. Bravery is not enough. Loyalty and obedience are more important... Discipline, comrades, iron discipline! That is the watch word for today. One false step, and our enemies would be upon us. Surely, comrades, you do not want Jones back?

    George Orwell
  570. The living room has become a voting booth. Participation via television in Freedom Marches, in war, revolution, pollution, and other events is changing everything.

    Marshall McLuhan
  571. Don't look for answers; instead, let fot of the feelings behind the question.

    David Hawkins
  572. All that year the animals worked like slaves. But they were happy in their work; they grudged no effort or sacrifice, well aware that everything they did was for the benefit of themselves and those of their kind who would come after them, and not for a pack of idle, thieving human beings.

    George Orwell
  573. ... even we today could acquire the knack of maintaining undistracted consciousness between coffee breaks, we too might find that we possessed angelic talents, powers, and skills.

    Joseph Campbell
  574. Already during my early childhood I had drawn a feeling of superiority from my meditations on the universality of death: those around me did not think about this, I thought about it, and this alone gave me the upper hand. Is it not the same with a man, who, in his mind, undresses a woman walking down the street? What interests him more than sex is power.

    Czesław Miłosz
  575. Bacon is the first to claim that the principle end of scientific work was t advance the "happiness of mankind". He continually criticized his predecessors for failing to understand that the real, legitimate, and only goal of the sciences is the "endowment of human life with new inventions and riches".

    Neil Postman
  576. ... so we measure time with space. But that is the same thing as trying to measure space with time - the way uneducated people do. It's twenty hours from Hamburg to Davos - true, by train. But on foot, how far is it then? And in our minds - not even a second.

    Thomas Mann
  577. In a peculiar way, the photograph was the perfect complement to the flood of telegraphic news-from-nowhere that threatened to submerge readers in a sea of facts from unknown places about strangers with unknown faces. For the photograph gave a concrete reality to the strange-sounding datelines, and attached faces to the unknown names. Thus it provided the illusion, at least, that “the news” had a connection to something within one’s sensory experience. It created an apparent context for the “news of the day.” And the “news of the day” created a context for the photograph.

    Neil Postman
  578. There is absolutely no invevitability as long as there is a willingness to contemplate what is happening.

    Marshall McLuhan
  579. The way to avoid the ills of the narrative fallacy is to favor experimentation over storytelling, experience over history, and clinical knowledge over theories.

    Nassim Nicholas Taleb
  580. I regard history as the single most important idea for our youth to take with them into the future. I call it an idea rather than a subject because every subject has a history, and its history is an integral part of the subject. History, we might say, is meta-subject. No one can claim accurate knowledge of a subject unless one knows how such knowledge came to be. I would, of course, favor "history" courses, although I have always thought such courses out to be called "histories" so that our youth would understand that what once happened has been seen from different points of view, by different people, each with a different story to tell.

    Neil Postman
  581. I've been told that some parents ask for their children to be diagnosed with attention problems and to be medicated, because the diagnosis allows the children to be given more time to complete the tests. For some people at least, ADHD has become strategic condition.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  582. The value of self education. — Self-education makes great men.

    Bruce Lee
  583. We perceive space with our senses, with vision and touch. But what is the organ for our sense of time? But how are we going to measure something about which, precisely speaking, we know nothing at all - cannot list a single one of its properties. We say time passes... In order for it to be measurable, it would have to flow evenly, but where is it written that it does that? It doesn't do that for our conscious minds, we simply assume it does, just for the sake of convenience. And so all our measurements are merely conventions.

    Thomas Mann
  584. The hippocampus is the structure where memory is supposedly controlled. It is the most plastic part of the brain; it is also the part that is assumed to absorb all the damage from repeated insults like the chronic stress we experience daily from small doses of negative feelings— as opposed to the invigorating “good stress” of the tiger popping up occasionally in your living room. You can rationalize all you want; the hippocampus takes the insult of chronic stress seriously, incurring irreversible atrophy. Contrary to popular belief, these small, seemingly harmless stressors do not strengthen you; they can amputate part of your self.

    Nassim Nicholas Taleb
  585. ... the way something comes into our life s because we have chosen it. It was the result of our intention, or we made a decision for it. It has come into our life in spite of desire.

    David Hawkins
  586. Both David Hume and Adam Smith argued that there existed a self-generating impulse of rising expectations that must lead to a society of continuous improvement.

    Neil Postman
  587. The only way to avoid such mistakes in the future is to re-think the criteria we employ to assess costs of all kinds: social, environmental, human, aesthetic and cultural as well as economic.

    Tony Judt
  588. Since the purpose of most psychotherapy is a well-adjusted ego, there is conception of what is beyond the ego.

    David Hawkins
  589. Herr Albin:

    "I don't need to do anything anymore, I'm no longer in the running - and I can laugh at the whole thing."

    Thomas Mann
  590. Twelve voices were shouting in anger, and hey were all alike. No question, now, what had happened to the faces of the pigs. The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which.

    George Orwell
  591. This in itself greatly weakens the notion of “because” that is often propounded by scientists, and almost always misused by historians. We have to accept the fuzziness of the familiar “because” no matter how queasy it makes us feel (and it does makes us queasy to remove the analgesic illusion of causality). I repeat that we are explanation-seeking animals who tend to think that everything has an identifiable cause and grab the most apparent one as the explanation. Yet there may not be a visible because; to the contrary, frequently there is nothing, not even a spectrum of possible explanations. But silent evidence masks this fact. Whenever our survival is in play, the very notion of because is severely weakened. The condition of survival drowns all possible explanations. The Aristotelian “because” is not there to account for a solid link between two items, but rather, as we saw in Chapter 6, to cater to our hidden weakness for imparting explanations.

    Nassim Nicholas Taleb
  592. I was, it could be feared, a potential executioner. Every man is whose "I" is grounded in a scientific way of thinking. The temptation to apply laws of evolution to society soon becomes almost irresistible.

    Czesław Miłosz
  593. Bernard Mandeville argued that the "private vices" of envy and pride are, in fact, "public virtues" in that they stimulate industry and invention, and Hume wrote that the "pleasure of luxury and the profit of commerce roused men from their indolence", leading them to advances in their various enterprises.

    Neil Postman
  594. It was ... striking - in the best sense of the world - that precisely those rules that corresponded exactly to their overseers' economic interests enjoyed unconditional veneration, wherease rules for which said correspondence was less applicable were more likely to be winked at.

    Thomas Mann
  595. It may be of some interest to note, in this connection, that the crossword puzzle became a popular form of diversion in America at just that point when the telegraph and the photograph had achieved the transformation of news from functional information to decontextualized fact. This coincidence suggests that the new technologies had turned the age-old problem of information on its head: Where people once sought information to manage the real contexts of their lives, now they had to invent contexts in which otherwise useless information might be put to some apparent use. The crossword puzzle is one such pseudo-context; the cocktail party is another; the radio quiz shows of the 1930’s and 1940’s and the modern television game show are still others; and the ultimate, perhaps, is the wildly successful “Trivial Pursuit.” In one form or another, each of these supplies an answer to the question, “What am I to do with all these disconnected facts?” And in one form or another, the, answer is the same: Why not use them for diversion? for entertainment? to amuse yourself, in a game?

    Neil Postman
  596. Every problem is an invitation to learn and grow. We will always be learners. We have never arrived.

    Frederic Laloux
  597. What I believe is that we're only just beginning to understand the incredible capacity of human beings, that we can become something unrecognizable, that we can have true freedom, not some tantalizing emblem forever out of reach. Not weary compromise and nagging fear.

    Russell Brand
  598. A limitation of most psychotherapeutic frameworks is that the therapist is constricted to what the world calls a healthy, functioning ego with all its restrictions. In this paradigm, a healthy patient is considered to be one who shares the same illusions and limitations condoned by society and the therapist. By contrast, the purpose of the mechanism of surrender is to transcend the illusions of the world and reach the ultimate truth behind it - which is Self-Realization - and to discover a very basis of the mind itself, the source of all thought and feeling.

    David Hawkins
  599. Our real moral duty is toward the person of another human being.

    Czesław Miłosz
  600. A great many ideas have been spread about the nature of the boredom. It is generally believed that by filling time with things new and interesting, we can make it "pass," by which we mean "shorten" it; monotony and emptiness, however are said to weigh down and hinder its passage. This is not true under all conditions. Emptiness and monotony may stretch a moment or even an hour and make it "boring," but they can likewise abbreviate and dissolve large, indeed the largest units of time, until they seem nothing at all. Conversely, rich and interesting events are capable of filling time, until hours, even days, are shortened and speed past on wings; whereas on a large scale, interest lends the passage of time breadth, solidity, and weight, so that years rich in events pass much more slowly than do paltry, bare, featherweight years that are blown before the wind and gone.

    Thomas Mann
  601. "In Defense of Poetry", he (AP: Perry Shelley) made the arguments that explained why Reason itself was insufficient to produce humane progress. Indeed, when science and technology claim to provide ethical imperatives, we are lead into moral catastrophe... It is only through love, tenderness, and beauty, he wrote, that the mind is made receptive to the moral decency, and poetry is the means by which love, tenderness, and beat are best cultivated. It is the poetic imagination, not scientific accomplishment, that is the engine of moral progress... Thus, the "heaven city" that the eighteenth-century rationalists dreamed of is not reachable through reason alone... Progress is the business of the heart, not the intellect.

    Neil Postman
  602. The six principle steps of teaching.

    • Motivation of the trainee
    • Maintaining their complete attention
    • Promoting mental activity (thinking) — discussion, question, lecture
    • Creating a clear picture of material to be learned; outlining the material
    • Developing comprehension of the significance, the implications, and the practical application of the material being presented (clear goals)
    • Repetition of the five preceding steps until learning has taken place

    Bruce Lee
  603. The world, as they say in India, is God's "play." It is wondrous, thoughtless play: a rough play, the roughest, cruelest, most dangerous, and most difficult, with no holds barred. Often, it seems, it is the best who lose and the worst who win. But winning, finally, is not the aim; for as we have already learned in mounting the way "rich in pleasure" of the Kundalini, winning and losing in the usual sense are experiences only of the lower chakras.

    Joseph Campbell
  604. a more significant legacy of the telegraph and the photograph may be the pseudo-context. A pseudo-context is a structure invented to give fragmented and irrelevant information a seeming use. But the use the pseudo-context provides is not action, or problem-solving, or change. It is the only use left for information with no genuine connection to our lives. And that, of course, is to amuse. The pseudo-context is the last refuge, so to say, of a culture overwhelmed by irrelevance, incoherence, and impotence.

    Neil Postman
  605. The best noncharlatanic finance book I know is called What I Learned Losing a Million Dollars, by D. Paul and B. Moynihan. The authors had to self-publish the book.

    Nassim Nicholas Taleb
  606. With our old mythologically founded taboos unsettled by our own modern sciences, there is everywhere in the civilized world a rapidly rising incidence of vice and crime, mental disorders, suicides and dope addictions, shattered homes, impudent children, violence, murder, and despair. These are facts; I am not inventing them. They give point to the cries of the preachers for repentance, conversion, and return to the old religion. And they challenge, too, the modern educator with respect to his own faith and ultimate loyalty. Is the conscientious teacher - concerned for the moral character as well as for the book-learning of his students - to be loyal first to the supporting myths of our civilization or to the "factualized" truths of his science? Are the two, on every level, ad odds? Or is there not some point of wisdom beyond the conflict of illusion and truth by which lives can be put back together again?

    Joseph Campbell
  607. We know full well that the insection of new habits or the changing of the old ones is the only way to preserve life, to renew our senses of time, to rejuvenate, intensify, and retard our experiences of time - and thereby renew our senses of life itself.

    Thomas Mann
  608. It’s impossible to change other people. We can only change ourselves.

    Frederic Laloux
  609. If we cannot see the case for expending our collective resources on trains, it will not just be because we have all joined gated communities and no longer need anything but private cars to move around between them. It will be because we have become gated individuals who do not know how to share public space to common advantage. The implications of such a loss would far transcend the decline or demise of one system of transport among others. It would mean we had done with modern life itself.

    Tony Judt
  610. The idea of progress, then, is one of the great gifts of the Enlightenment. The eighteenth century invented it, elaborated it, and promoted it, and in doing so generated vast resources of vitality, confidence, and hope. But the eighteenth century also criticized and doubted it, initiating powerful arguments about its limitations and pitfalls.

    Neil Postman
  611. More important, perhaps, that this galling inequality is the fact that we have limited amount of time to resolve it.

    Russell Brand
  612. ...additional knowledge of the minutiae of daily business can be useless, even actually toxic...

    Nassim Nicholas Taleb
  613. Music is invaluable as the ultimate means for awakening our zeal, a power that draws the mind trained for its effects forward and upward. Bu literature must precede it. By itself, music cannot draw the world forward. By itself, music is dangerous.

    Thomas Mann
  614. What we keep hidden is clearer to us than if we were to talk about it publicly.

    Czesław Miłosz
  615. The aim of the ascending serpent is to clarify and increase the light of consciousness within, and the first step to the gaining of this boon - as told in the Bhagavad Gita, as in many another wisdom text - is to abandon absolutely all concern for the fruits of action, whether in this world or in the next.

    Joseph Campbell
  616. For since it has always been on myths that the moral orders of societies have been founded, the myths canonized as religion, and since the impact of science on myths results - apparently inevitably - in moral disequilibration, we must now ask whether it is mot possible to arrive scientifically at such an understanding of the life - supporting nature of myths, that, in criticizing their archaic features, we do not misinterpret and disqualify their necessity - throwing out, so to say, the baby (whole generations of babies) with the bath.

    Joseph Campbell
  617. The more information you give someone, the more hypotheses they will formulate along the way, and the worse off they will be. They see more random noise and mistake it for information.

    The problem is that our ideas are sticky: once we produce a theory, we are not likely to change our minds— so those who delay developing their theories are better off. When you develop your opinions on the basis of weak evidence, you will have difficulty interpreting subsequent information that contradicts these opinions, even if this new information is obviously more accurate. Two mechanisms are at play here: the confirmation bias that we saw in Chapter 5, and belief perseverance, the tendency not to reverse opinions you already have. Remember that we treat ideas like possessions, and it will be hard for us to part with them.

    Nassim Nicholas Taleb
  618. ensemble of electronic techniques called into being a new world—a peek-a-boo world, where now this event, now that, pops into view for a moment, then vanishes again. It is a world without much coherence or sense; a world that does not ask us, indeed, does not permit us to do anything; a world that is, like the child’s game of peek-a-boo, entirely self-contained. But like peek-a-boo, it is also endlessly entertaining.

    Neil Postman
  619. The goal of letting go is the elimination of the very source of all suffering and pain.

    David Hawkins
  620. Music awakens time, awakens us to our finest enjoyment of time. Music awakens - and in that sense it is moral. Art is moral, in that it awakens. But what if it were to do the opposite? Uf it were ti numb us, put us asleep, counteract all activity and progress? And music can do that as well. It knows all too well the effect that opiates have. A devilish effect... Opiates are the Devil's tool, for the create dullness, rigidity, stagnation, slavish inertia. There is something dubious about music ... music is ambiguous by its very nature.

    Thomas Mann
  621. James Lovelock, the block who came up with Gaia theory, that the earth is one symbiotic, interrelated organism where harmonious life forms support or regulate each other, says we shouldn't bother with recycling, wind turbines, and Priuses.

    Russell Brand
  622. No matter what anyone tells you, it is a good idea to question the error rate of an expert’s procedure.

    Nassim Nicholas Taleb
  623. If one rejects the idea of punishments and rewards after death as indecent (what sort of shallow transaction is that?) and if history of Christianity raises doubts ...; if dogma is out of harmony with scientific thought - then one must uncover a different dimension where the contradictions can change key and find new validity. This dimension exists parallel to biology or physics; it does not inhibit them.

    Czesław Miłosz
  624. (AP: Myra Barrs and Hillary Hester) became convinced that they could use what is really an empirical model - what you would use if you wanted to study change in any adaptive system. First, you take a snapshot of the system at the beginning, and then you observer over time and you gather samples of work, and then do your analysis.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  625. All media work us over completely. They are so pervasive in their personal, political, economic, aesthetic, psychological, moral, ethical, and social consequences that they leave no part of us untouched, unaffected, unaltered. The medium is the massage. Any understanding of social and cultural change is impossible without a knowledge of the way media work as environments.

    Marshall McLuhan
  626. Few in the West today can conceive of a complete breakdown of liberal institutions, an utter disintegration of the democratic consensus. But what we know of World War II—or the former Yugoslavia—illustrates the ease with which any society can descend into Hobbesian nightmares of unrestrained atrocity and violence. If we are going to build a better future, it must begin with a deeper appreciation of the ease with which even solidly-grounded liberal democracies can founder. To put the point quite bluntly, if social democracy has a future, it will be as a social democracy of fear.

    Tony Judt
  627. Balzac, Flaubert, and Zola, documented in their novels the spiritual emptiness that a culture obsessed with progress produces.

    Neil Postman
  628. Myths, according to Freud's view, are of the psychological order of dream. Myths, so to say, are public dreams; dreams are private myths. Both, in his opinion, are symptomatic of repressions of infantile incest wishes, the only essential difference between a religion and neurosis being that the former is more public. The person with a neurosis feels ashamed, alone and isolated in his illness, whereas the gods are general projections onto a universal screen. They are equally manifestations of unconscious, compulsive fears and delusions.

    Joseph Campbell
  629. ... to give it a name would have meant, if not to judge it, at least to define it, to classify it as one of life's familiar, commonplace items, whereas .. anything so personal should always be shielded from definition and classification.

    Thomas Mann
  630. All media are extensions of some human faculty - psychic or physical.

    Marshall McLuhan
  631. ...the “expert” is the closest thing to a fraud, performing no better than a computer using a single metric, their intuition getting in the way and blinding them.

    Nassim Nicholas Taleb
  632. The spiritually deficient search for external securities. — The poorer we are inwardly, the more we try to enrich ourselves outwardly.

    Bruce Lee
  633. The United States has chosen to standardize testing and accountability, and the results have been underwhelming. Finland has chosen to standardize the way they prepare teachers rather then tests, and the Finnish educational system is lauded around the world.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  634. Since Friedrich Nietzsche (deceased) declared, "God is dead", we've been exploring the observation of British writer G.K. Chesterton, who said, "The death of God doesn't mean man will believe in nothing but that he will believe in anything".

    Russell Brand
  635. Settembrini:

    "The only healthy and noble and indeed ... the only religious was in which to regard death is to perceive and feel it as a constituent part of life, as life's holy prerequisite, and not to separate it intellectually, to set it up opposite to life, or, worse, to play it off against life in some disgusting fashion - for that is indeed that antithesis of a healthy, noble, reasonable and religious view. The ancients decorated their sarcophagi with symbols of life and procreation, some of them even obscene. For the ancients, in fact, the sacred and the obscene were very often one and the same. Those people knew how to honor death. Death is to be honored as te cradle of life, the womb of renewal. Once separated from life, it becomes grotesque, a wraith - or even worse. For as an independent spiritual power, death is a very depraved force, whose wicked attractions are very strong and without a doubt can cause the most abominable confusion of the human mind."

    Thomas Mann
  636. The essence of religion is the strong and earnest direction of the emotions and desires toward the ideal object, recognized as of highest excellence, and as rightfully paramount over all selfish objects of desire.

    John Stuart Mill
  637. The result for the miseducated individual is what is known, in mythological terms, as a Waste Land situation. The world doesn't talk to him; he does not talk to the world.

    Joseph Campbell
  638. Like easel painting, the printed book added much to the new cult of individualism. The private, fixed point of view became possible and literacy conferred the power of detachment, non-involvement.

    Marshall McLuhan
  639. There is no more disturbing consequence of the electronic and graphic revolution than this: that the world as given to us through television seems natural, not bizarre.

    Neil Postman
  640. Einstein famously said that we cannot solve a problem using the same consciousness that created it. If that is true, then we won’t be able to deal with the impending crises brought by modernity (global warming, overpopulation, depletion of natural resources, collapse of ecosystems) with organizations molded in modernity’s thinking.

    Frederic Laloux
  641. According to his (AP: Carl G. Jung) way of thinking, all the organs of our bodies - not only those of sex and aggression - have their purposes and motives, some being subject to conscious control, others, however, not. Our outward-oriented consciousness, addressed to the demands of the day, may lose touch with inward forces; and the myths, states Jung, when correctly read, are the means to bring us back in touch. They are telling us in in picture language of powers of the psyche to be recognized and integrated in our lives, powers that have been common to the human spirit forever, and which represent the wisdom of species by which man has weathered the milleniums. Thus, they have not been and can never been displaced by the findings of science, which relate rather to the outside world than to the depth that we enter in sleep. Through a dialogue conducted with these inward forces through our dreams and through a study of myths, we can learn to know and come to terms with the greater horizon of our own deeper and wiser, inward self. And analogously, the society that cherishes and keeps its myths alive will be nourished from the soundest, richest strata of the human spirit.

    Joseph Campbell
  642. Settembrini:

    "Beware of the irony. Beware of it in general as an intellectual stance. When it is not employed as a honest device of classical rhetoric, the purpose of which no healthy mind can doubt for a moment, it becomes a source of depravity, a barrier to civilization, a squalid flirtation with inertia, nihilism, and vice."

    Thomas Mann
  643. For all of the Twain's enthusiasm for the giantism of American industry, the totality of his work is an affirmation of the pre-technological values. Personal loyalty, regional tradition, the continuity of family life, the relevance of the tales and wisdom of the elderly, are the soul of his books.

    Neil Postman
  644. Adam Curtis in his revolutionary documentary series The Century of the Self delineated expertly how theories of Sigmund Freud were deployed by his nephew Edward Bernays to create the profession of PR and generate consumer boom of fifties... The small but seismic interjection that Bernays ... enacted was this: "Buy these shoes, they'll make you feel sexy"... What Bernays established was the connection between consuming a product and feeling better.

    Russell Brand
  645. One can have the clearest and most complete knowledge of what is and yet not be able to deduce from that what should be the goal of our human aspirations. Objective knowledge provides us with powerful instruments for the achievement of certain ends, but the ultimate goal itself and longing to reach it must come from another source.

    Albert Einstein
  646. As recent books on near-death experiences reveal, it is during life that one often feels alone and, at the moment of death, there is an absolute feeling of oneness and connectedness.

    David Hawkins
  647. that television’s conversations promote incoherence and triviality; that the phrase “serious television” is a contradiction in terms; and that television speaks in only one persistent voice—the voice of entertainment. Beyond that, I will try to demonstrate that to enter the great television conversation, one American cultural institution after another is learning to speak its terms. Television, in other words, is transforming our culture into one vast arena for show business. It is entirely possible, of course, that in the end we shall find that delightful, and decide we like it just fine. That is exactly what Aldous Huxley feared was coming, fifty years ago.

    Neil Postman
  648. “And that,” put in the Director sententiously, “that is the secret of happiness and virtue—liking what you’ve got to do. All conditioning aims at that: making people like their unescapable social destiny.”

    Aldous Huxley
  649. ... the thought that our dead parents or friends would have approved our conduct is scarcely less powerful motive than the knowledge that our living ones do approve it; and the idea that Socrates, or Howard, or Washington, or Antonius or Christ would have sympathized with us, or that we are attempting to do our part in the spirit in which they did theirs, has operated on the very best minds as strong incentive to act up to their highest feelings and convictions.

    John Stuart Mill
  650. Never waste energy on worries and negative thoughts. — I mean who has the most insecure job as I have? What do I live on? My faith in my ability that I’ll make it. Sure my back screwed me up good for a year but with every adversity comes a blessing because a shock acts as a reminder to oneself that we must not get stale in routine.

    Bruce Lee
  651. Change is often the result of many complex forces interacting with each other.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  652. The old texts confront us with horizons. They tell us that a loving, kind, and just father is out there, looking down upon us, ready to receive us, and ever with our own dear lives on his mind. According to our sciences, on the other hand, nobody knows what is out there, or if there is any "out there" at all.

    Joseph Campbell
  653. Settembrini:

    "Analysis is good as a tool of enlightenment and civilization - to the extent that it shakes stupid preconceptions, quashes natural biases, and undermines authority. Good, in other words, to the extent that it liberates, refines, and humanizes - it makes slaves ripe for freedom. It is bad, very bad, to the extent that it prevents action, damages life at its roots, and is incapable of shaping it. Analysis can be very unappetizing, as unappetizing as death, to which it mayb very well be linked - a relative of the grave and its foul anatomy."

    Thomas Mann
  654. ...Platonic is top-down, formulaic, closed-minded, self-serving, and commoditized; a-Platonic is bottom-up, open-minded, skeptical, and empirical.

    Nassim Nicholas Taleb
  655. We have been told that freedom is the ability to pursue our petty, trivial desires when true freedom is freedom from these petty, trivial desires.

    Russell Brand
  656. The intention of the Holy Spirit is to teach how one goes to heaven, not how heaves goes.

    Galileo
  657. It seemed clear to many in the nineteenth century that progress was as real as gravity or any other natural phenomenon. And its reality was given special force by the great invention of invention. We learned how to invent things, and the question of why receded in importance. The idea that if something could be done, it should be done was born in the nineteenth century. And along with it there developed a profound belief in all the principles through which invention succeeds: objectivity, efficiency, standartization, measurement, a market economy, and, of course, faith in progress.

    Neil Postman
  658. All of this has occurred simultaneously with the decline of America’s moral and political prestige, worldwide. American television programs are in demand not because America is loved but because American television is loved.

    Neil Postman
  659. ... three breakthroughs of Teal Organizations: 1) Power is multiplied when everybody gets to be powerful, rather than just a few at the top (self-management); 2) Power is used with more wisdom, as people bring in more of themselves to work (wholeness); and 3) Somehow things just fall into place when people align their power and wisdom with the life force of the organization (evolutionary purpose).

    Another way to look at the same question comes from reasoning in terms of energy, because everything in life ultimately comes down to energy. The shift to Evolutionary-Teal structures, practices, and cultures liberates tremendous energies that previously were bottled up, unavailable. And with the shift to Teal, these energies get harnessed and directed with more clarity and wisdom toward productive ends.

    Frederic Laloux
  660. By distrusting mechanistic views of the universe (very nice accomplishments but nothing comes of them) I was permitting myself the luxury of superstitions.

    Czesław Miłosz
  661. ... when a man is in love his aesthetic opinions are no more valid than his moral judgements.

    Thomas Mann
  662. Science can purify religion from error and superstition. Religion can purify science from idolatry and false absolutes.

    Pope John Paul II
  663. It has been more profitable for us to bind together in the wrong direction than to be alone in the right one. Those who have followed the assertive idiot rather than the introspective wise person have passed us some of their genes. This is apparent from a social pathology: psychopaths rally followers.

    Nassim Nicholas Taleb
  664. We are living in a different time, and whatever defends us from the madhouse can be applauded as good enough - for those without nerve.

    Joseph Campbell
  665. But something had happened, as we know, in the twentieth century. Among other things the idea that progress is real, humane, and inevitable died. As early as 1932, Lewis Mumford thought progress to be "the deadest of the dead ideas ... the one notion that was thoroughly blasted by the twentieth century experience".

    Neil Postman
  666. Joseph Campbell said all the problems that we are experiencing - economic disparity, ecological meltdown, crime, alienation, atomization, war, starvation - are the result of us having no communal myth. A story that unites us, defines us, in relationship to ourselves, other people, and nature. Campbell says the myths that we have are antiquated and irrelevant "dessert myths".

    Russell Brand
  667. Settembrini:

    The contradiction that you believe you see is always one and the same. "What do you have against analysis?" Nothing when it serves the cause of education, liberation and progress. Everything, when it comes wrapped in the ghastly, gamy odor of the grave. It is not different with the body. One must respect and defend it, when it serves the cause of emancipation and beauty, of freedom if the senses, of happiness and desire. One must despise it insofar as it is the principle of gravity and inertia opposing the flow toward the light, insofar as it represents the principle of disease and death, insofar as its quintessence is a master of perversity, of corruption, of lust and disgrace.

    Thomas Mann
  668. Bernard gave his orders in the sharp, rather arrogant and even offensive tone of one who does not feel himself too secure in his superiority.

    Aldous Huxley
  669. Anxiety is a defense. — Don’t be forecasting evil unless it is what you can guard against. Anxiety is good for nothing if we can’t turn it into a defense.

    Bruce Lee
  670. There is yet another way to make sense of the achievements of Teal Organizations: they are fueled not by the power of human will, but by the much greater power of evolution, the engine of life itself. Evolution is a formidable process that brings forth unfathomable beauty and complexity not through a grand design, but by means of relentless, small-scale, parallel experimentation. Evolution is not a top-down process. Everybody is invited, and is needed, to contribute to the whole.

    Frederic Laloux
  671. Nature's time, thought of as linear, was more or less encompassed by the formula of evolution: the passage from inanimate matter to the first vertebrates, to fish, birds, animals, and at last to man, was progressive. As the natural sciences developed, the line was extended even further to the history of human societies. Here, too, there was to be constant progress, but until Marx there were no guarantees beyond rather vague faith.

    Czesław Miłosz
  672. The opposite of a correct statement is an incorrect statement. The opposite of a profound truth is another profound truth.

    Niels Bohr
  673. "God is an intelligible sphere whose center is everywhere and circumference nowhere." So we are told in a little twelfth-century book knows as The Book of the Twenty-four Philosophers. Each of us - whoever and wherever he may be - is then the center, and within him, whether he knows it or not, is that Mind at Large, the laws of which are the laws not onl of all minds but of all space as well. For, as I have already pointed out, we are the children of this beautiful planet that we have lately seen photographerd from the moon. We were not delivered into it by some god, but have come forth from it. And the earth, together with the its sun, this light around which it flies like a moth, came forth, we are told, from a nebula; and that nebula, in turn, from space. No wonder, then, if its laws and ours are the same! Likewise, our depths are the depths of space...

    Our mythology now, therefore, is to be of infinite space and its light, which is without as well as within... We can no longer hold our loves at home and project our agression elsewhere; for on this spaceship Earth there is no "elsewhere" any more. And no mythology that continues to speak or teach of "elsewhere" and "outsiders" meets the requirement of this hour.

    Joseph Campbell
  674. Quite a bit of reading went on at the International Sanatorium Berghof ... - this was particulary true of newcomers and short-termers, since the residents of many months or event years had long since learned how to ravage time without diverting or employing their minds, had become virtuosi at putting time behind them, and declared openly that only cumsy bunglers in the art needed a book to hang on to.

    Thomas Mann
  675. If a differentiating feature is to be named, separating human from animal psychology, it is surely this of the subordination in the human sphere of even economics to mythology. And if one should ask why or how any such unsubstantial impulsion ever should have become dominant in the ordering of physical life, the answer is that in this wonderful human brain of ours there has dawned a realization unknown to the other primates. It is that of the individual, conscious of himself as such, and aware that he, and all that he cares for, will one day die.

    Joseph Campbell
  676. People will achieve miracles if they are motivated by a driving vision and sense of purpose. That vision has to connect with them personally.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  677. In watching American television, one is reminded of George Bernard Shaw’s remark on his first seeing the glittering neon signs of Broadway and 42nd Street at night. It must be beautiful, he said, if you cannot read.

    Neil Postman
  678. It is enough to say that if Diderot, Adam Smith, and Jefferson had lived through, they could not possibly have believed in the friendly flow of history.

    Neil Postman
  679. Without codes that empathize our unity and the presence of a sacred consciousness, it seems that we become dominated by materialism and individualism.

    Russell Brand
  680. ... nature cannot be reduced to comprehension, nor in the end can life listen to itself.

    Thomas Mann
  681. The low self-esteem results in criticism of self and others, constant competition and comparison, analyzing contempt, intellectualization, doubt, and fantasies of revenge.

    David Hawkins
  682. The immensity of a past, made up of one event after another stored in chronicles, overwhelmed the mind and produced the boredom I so often observed in university lecture halls; it also produced anxiety, the feeling of powerlessness in the face of chaos. The connections between one event and another was unclear.

    Czesław Miłosz
  683. The mockery made him feel an outsider; and feeling an outsider he behaved like one, which increased the prejudice against him and intensified the contempt and hostility aroused by his physical defects.

    Aldous Huxley
  684. In every one of the mythological systems that in the long course of history and prehistory have been propagated in the various zones and quarters of this earth, these two fundamental realizations - of the inevitability of individual death and the endurance of the social order - have been combined symbolically and constitute the nuclear structuring force of the rites and, thereby, the society.

    Joseph Campbell
  685. The system that sets people against each other fundamentally misunderstands the dynamics that drive achievement. Education thrives on partnership and collaboration - within schools, between schools, and with other groups and organizations.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  686. .. life's structure had to be so highly developed that nothing like it could occur in the inanimate world.

    Thomas Mann
  687. Campbell said, "All religions are true in that the metaphor is true." I think he means that religions are meant to be literary maps, not literal doctrines, a signpost to the unknowable, a hymn to the inconceivable.

    Russell Brand
  688. We have been left with the idea that progress is neither natural nor embedded in the structure of history; that is to say, it is not nature's business or history. It is our business. No one believes, or perhaps ever will again, that history itself is moving inexorably toward a golden age (AP: it seem that this idea is already partly forgotten, mostly because of our ignorance). The idea that we must make our own future, bend history to our own will, is, of course, frightening and captures the sense of Nietzsche's ominous remark that God is dead. We have all become existentialists, which lays upon us responsibilities that once were shared by God and history.

    Neil Postman
  689. Moreover, television offers viewers a variety of subject matter, requires minimal skills to comprehend it, and is largely aimed at emotional gratification.

    Neil Postman
  690. One of the most powerful strategies for systemic change is to test the benefits of doing things differently. Innovation is strategic when it has significance beyond its immediate context - when it inspires others to innovate i similar ways in their own situations.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  691. What was life really, really? It was warmth, the warmth produced by instability attempting to presever form, a fever of matter that accompanies the ceaseless dissolution and renewal of protein molecules, themselves transient in their complex and intricate construction.

    Thomas Mann
  692. The silence with which western European social democrats greeted the atrocities in the Balkans—a faraway region of which they preferred to remain ignorant—has not been forgotten by the victims. Social democrats need to learn once again how to think beyond their borders: there is something deeply incoherent about a radical politics grounded in aspirations to equality or social justice that is deaf to broader ethical challenges and humanitarian ideals.

    Tony Judt
  693. ...much more stability would be achieved by stopping governments from helping companies when they become large and by giving back advantages to the small guy.

    Nassim Nicholas Taleb
  694. The food of feeling is action... Let a person have nothing to do for his country, and he will not care for it.

    John Stuart Mill
  695. Sorrow as educator. — Sorrows are our best educator. A man can see further through a tear than a telescope.

    Bruce Lee
  696. The viewer of Renaissance art is systematically placed outside the frame of experience. A piazzza for everything and everything in its piazza.

    The instantaneous world of electronic informational media involves all of us, all at once. Not detachment or frame is possible.

    Marshall McLuhan
  697. ...that the goal was somewhere beyond, somewhere outside the present human sphere; that the purpose of life was not the maintenance of well-being, but some intensification and refining of consciousness, some enlargement of knowledge.

    Aldous Huxley
  698. Consequently, in the dual unclear unit just named, there is to be recognized, not only a factor representative of the unity of our species, but also one of differentiation. Not only does all mankind face death, but the various people of the world face death in greatly different ways.

    Joseph Campbell
  699. The body ... individual, living self was therefore a huge multiplicity of breathing and self-nourishing entities, which in the course of organic integration and specialization had forfeited their existence as selves to become anatomical elements.

    Thomas Mann
  700. Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country.

    John F. Kennedy
  701. Culture is a set of permissions about what is and what is not acceptable behavior.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  702. Science requires faith, the way religion does. Science requires acceptance of metaphor, just the way religion does.

    Russell Brand
  703. Perhaps because of such psychic burden, we have held on to the idea that technological innovation is synonymous with moral, social, and psychic progress.

    Neil Postman
  704. Much has been written about the need for faith in our century. Perhaps it would be more correct to remember that a need for a simplified outlook on life, which could be contained in a catechism or a brochure, has always existed. Marxism probably had such great drawing power because it appeared at a time when the world had become too difficult to grasp either scientifically or humanistically; and the more primitive the mind, the greater the pleasure in reducing unruly, disparate quantities to a common denominator.

    Czesław Miłosz
  705. A complex living entity, born from the merged nuclei of two parental cells, was in fact a cooperative nature of many generations of individual cells produced asexually; it grew as they multiplied, and the circle of procreation was closed only when sexual cells, individual units specialized for procreation, had been produced wihin it and now found their way to new fusion that would propel life onward.

    Thomas Mann
  706. The new feeling that people have about guilt is not something that can be privately assigned to some individual, but is rather, something shared by everybody, in some mysterious way... This feeling is an aspect of the new mass culture we are moving into - a world of total involvement in which everybody is so profoundly involved with everybody else and in which nobody can really imagine what private guilt can be anymore.

    Marshall McLuhan
  707. “...Beauty’s attractive, and we don’t want people to be attracted by old things. We want them to like the new ones.”

    “But the new ones are so stupid and horrible. Those plays, where there’s nothing but helicopters flying about and you feel the people kissing.”

    Aldous Huxley
  708. But what I am claiming here is not that television is entertaining but that it has made entertainment itself the natural format for the representation of all experience.

    Neil Postman
  709. Here, then, is motley multitude with intellectual wants to be supplied. These new votaries of the pleasure of the mind have not all had the same education; they are not guided by the same lights, do not resemble their own fathers; and they themselves are changing every moment with changing place of residence, feelings, and fortune. So there are no traditions, or common habits, to forge links between their minds, and they have neither the power nor the wish nor the time to come to common understanding. But it is from this heterogeneous, stirring crowd that authors spring, and from it they must win profit and renown.

    Alexis de Tocqueville
  710. Cultural life will be dominated by fewer persons: we have fewer books per reader in English than in Italian (this includes bad books). Companies will be more uneven in size. And fads will be more acute. So will runs on the banks, of course.

    Nassim Nicholas Taleb
  711. If you picture the Milky Way as being the size of mainland Europe, our solar system - that's Mars, Venus, Saturn, us here on Earth ... - in a Milky Way the size of Europe our solar system would fit inside a single teacup somewhere in Belgium.

    Russell Brand
  712. Nicholas Negroponte envisions a time when we may speak to a doorknob or a toaster and predicts that, when we do, we will find the experience no more uncomfortable than talking to a telephone answering machine. He has nothing to say about how we may become different by talking to doorknob (and he has no clue about how talking to an answering machine s is far from comfortable). He is concerned only that we adapt to our technological future. He nowhere addresses the psychic or social meaning of adaptation. People are quite capable of adapting to all sorts of changes - soldiers adapt themselves to killing, children adapt themselves to being fatherless, women can adapt themselves to being abused. I have not doubt we can adapt ourselves to talking much more to machines than to people. But that is not an answer to anything.

    Neil Postman
  713. The problem is not that television presents us with entertaining subject matter but that all subject matter is presented as entertaining, which is another issue altogether.

    Neil Postman
  714. A structure ... comfortable to the demands of tension and pressure put upon it and constructred of nothing more than rods and braces of mechanically suitable material, will withstand the same weight as a solid made of the same material.

    Thomas Mann
  715. In America parties do not write books to combat each other's opinions, but pamphlets, which are circulated for a day with incredible rapidity and then expire.

    Alexis de Tocqueville
  716. Our is a brand-new world of allatonceness. "Time" has ceased, "space" has vanished. We now live in a global village ... a simultaneous happening.

    Marshall McLuhan
  717. Because of this inner chaos, the average person must of necessity stay unconscious at all times. It is interesting to watch the means that the mind has invented to accomplish this end. We watch as a person get up in the morning and flips on the radio or the television to immediately get the mid of the self and its mental chatter.

    David Hawkins
  718. The value of frustration. — Without frustration you will not discover that you might be able to do something on your own. We grow through conflict.

    Bruce Lee
  719. Perhaps because of such psychic burden, we have held on to the idea that technological innovation is synonymous with moral, social, and psychic progress.

    Neil Postman
  720. I took from Marxism only its criticism of changeable and fluid institutions, but stopped at the threshold beyond which one must approve the millennium as the fulfillment of all time.

    Czesław Miłosz
  721. The atom was an energy-laden cosmic system, in which planets rotated frantically around a sunike center, while comets raced through its ether at the spead of light, held in their eccentric orbits by the gravity of the core. That was not merely a metaphor - any more than it would be a metaphor to call the body of a multicelled creature a "city of cells". A city, a state, a social community organized around the division of labor was not merely comparable to organic life, it repeated it. And in the same way, the innermost recesses of nature were repeated, mirrored on a vast scale, in the macrocosmic world of stars.

    Thomas Mann
  722. “Because our world is not the same as Othello’s world. You can’t make flivers without steel—and you can’t make tragedies without social instability. The world’s stable now. People are happy; they get what they want, and they never want what they can’t get. They’re well off; they’re safe; they’re never ill; they’re not afraid of death; they’re blissfully ignorant of passion and old age; they’re plagued with no mothers or fathers; they’ve got no wives, or children, or lovers to feel strongly about; they’re so conditioned that they practically can’t help behaving as they ought to behave. And if anything should go wrong, there’s soma...”

    Aldous Huxley
  723. That is why even on news shows which provide us daily with fragments of tragedy and barbarism, we are urged by the newscasters to “join them tomorrow.” What for?

    Neil Postman
  724. The franticness of the struggle is not really realized until we are suddenly forced to discontinue it by some external event. Then, we are confronted with the internal emptiness. This calls for the incessant ingestion of novels, magazines, television, and websites. Or, the emptiness is avoided by the constant going to parties, escaping through drugs, numbing out with a few drinks, watching movies, and pursuing other amusements. We tend to do just about anything to avoid facing that feeling of inner emptiness.

    David Hawkins
  725. Approach the book as cultural therapy, as indispensable ingredient in communal diet, necessary for maintenance of civilized values as opposed to tribal values.

    Marshall McLuhan
  726. The old differences separating one system from another now becoming less and less important, less and less easy to define. And what, on the contrary, is becoming more and more important is that we should learn to see through all the differences to the common themes that have been there all the while, that came into being with the first emergence if ancestral man from the animal level of existence, and are with us still.

    Joseph Campbell
  727. We do not always have to go in the direction that some technology takes us. We have responsibilities to ourselves and our institutions that supersede our responsibilities ti the potential of technology.

    Neil Postman
  728. That is how teachers are. They are themselves enjoy the interesting stuff, claiming they are "adults," but forbid it to young people, even demand that they acknowledge just how "unadult" they are.

    Thomas Mann
  729. The completely baseless belief that only people with proletarian blood in their veins are capable of throwing themselves enthusiastically into the class struggle must be rejected from the start.

    Czesław Miłosz
  730. ...copulation and the feelies. What more can they ask for? True,” he added, “they might ask for shorter hours. And of course we could give them shorter hours. Technically, it would be perfectly simple to reduce all lower-caste working hours to three or four a day. But would they be any the happier for that? No, they wouldn’t. The experiment was tried, more than a century and a half ago. The whole of Ireland was put on to the four-hour day. What was the result? Unrest and a large increase in the consumption of soma; that was all.

    Aldous Huxley
  731. Prejudice is a permutation of some psychological fear.

    Russell Brand
  732. No amount of debate on strategy will result in consensus if the purposes we have in mind are opposed.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  733. In our present day - at least in the modern centers of cultural creativity - people have begun to take the existence of their supporting social orders for granted, and instead of aiming to defend and maintain the integrity of the community have begun to place at the center of concern the development and protection of the individual - the individual, moreover, not as an organof the state but as an end and entity in himself.

    Joseph Campbell
  734. I believe, that I may understand.

    Saint Augustine
  735. Belief was the ingredient that made a reworked habit loop into a permanent behavior.

    Charles Duhigg
  736. “What do you mean when you say ... ?” or “From what sources does your information come?” This type of discourse not only slows down the tempo of the show but creates the impression of uncertainty or lack of finish. It tends to reveal people in the act of thinking, which is as disconcerting and boring on television as it is on a Las Vegas stage.

    Neil Postman
  737. Technology, as Paul Goodman once remarked, is a branch of moral philosophy, not of science; which suggests that advise that comes from people who have little or no philosophical perspective is likely to be arid if not dangerous.

    Neil Postman
  738. Let the child be as free as possible, treasure every moment which may be conductive to freedom, peace, and equanimity. Do not teach by words anything which you can teach by actual experience of things as they are.

    Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi
  739. Anxiety is the gap between the NOW and the THEN. So if you are in the NOW, you can’t be anxious, because your excitement flows immediately into ongoing spontaneous activity.

    Bruce Lee
  740. At first, there is the identification, "I am the body." As the mechanism of surrender continues, it becomes qite obvious that, "I am the mind that experiences the body, not the body." As more feelings and belief system are surrendered, there eventually comes the awareness, "I am not the mind either, but that which witnesses and experiences the mind, emotions, and body."

    David Hawkins
  741. Naphta:

    Faith is the vehicle of understanding, the intellect is secondary.

    Thomas Mann
  742. Happy are they who can avoid radical choices.

    Czesław Miłosz
  743. ‘A man grows old; he feels in himself that radical sense of weakness, of listlessness, of discomfort, which accompanies the advance of age; and, feeling thus, imagines himself merely sick, lulling his fears with the notion that this distressing condition is due to some particular cause, from which, as from an illness, he hopes to recover. Vain imaginings! That sickness is old age; and a horrible disease it is. They say that it is the fear of death and of what comes after death that makes men turn to religion as they advance in years. But my own experience has given me the conviction that, quite apart from any such terrors or imaginings, the religious sentiment tends to develop as we grow older; to develop because, as the passions grow calm, as the fancy and sensibilities are less excited and less excitable, our reason becomes less troubled in its working, less obscured by the images, desires and distractions, in which it used to be absorbed; whereupon God emerges as from behind a cloud; our soul feels, sees, turns towards the source of all light; turns naturally and inevitably; for now that all that gave to the world of sensations its life and charms has begun to leak away from us, now that phenomenal existence is no more bolstered up by impressions from within or from without, we feel the need to lean on something that abides, something that will never play us false—a reality, an absolute and everlasting truth. Yes, we inevitably turn to God; for this religious sentiment is of its nature so pure, so delightful to the soul that experiences it, that it makes up us for all our other losses.’

    Aldous Huxley
  744. Eden is a walled garden of delight, and in its center stands the great tree; or rather, in its center stand two trees, the one of knowledge of good and evil, the other of immortal life. Four rivers flow, furthermore, from within it as from inexhaustible source, to refresh the world in the four directions. And when our first parents, having eaten the fruit, were driven forth, two cherubim were stationed (as we have learned) at its eastern gate, to guard the way of return.

    Taking as referring not to any georgraphical scene, but to landscape of the soul, that Garden of Eden would have to be withing us. Yet our conscious minds are unable to enter it and enjoy there the taste of eternal life, since we have already tasted of the knowlegde of good and evil. That, in fact, must be the knowledge that has thrown us out of the garden, pitched us away from our own center, so that we now judge things in those terms and experience only good and evil instead of eternal life - which, since the enclosed garden is within us, must already be ours, even though unknown to our conscious personalities. That would seem to be the meaning of the myth when read, not as prehistory, but as referring to man's inward spiritual state.

    Joseph Campbell
  745. A physical addiction to nicotine, for instance, lasts only as long as the chemical is in a smoker’s bloodstream—about one hundred hours after the last cigarette.

    Charles Duhigg
  746. But ventriloquism, dancing and mime do not play well on radio, just as sustained, complex talk does not play well on television.

    Neil Postman
  747. Naphta:

    Theoretical knowledge with no practical application in the realm of man's salvation is so totally uninteresting that we must deny it any value as truth and exclude it entirely.

    Thomas Mann
  748. We need technology to live, as we need food to live. But, of course, if we eat too much food, or eat food that has no nutritional value, or eat food that is infected with disease, we turn a means of survival into its opposite. The same may be said of our technology. Not a single philosopher would dispute that technology may be life-enhancing or life-diminishing. Common sense commands us to ask, Which is it?

    Neil Postman
  749. Don’t add worry to your troubles. — Serene, detached from all results, ready to fight or run, to win or lose, and always ready to laugh at all things, take whatever comes. Your child is ill you say, or you cannot pay the rent? Very well, accept these facts and face them. Are they not trouble enough in themselves without adding the aggravation of worry to them?

    Bruce Lee
  750. When enough people move, that is a movement. And if movement has enough energy, that is a revolution.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  751. I should go so far as to say that embedded in the surrealistic frame of a television news show is a theory of anticommunication, featuring a type of discourse that abandons logic, reason, sequence and rules of contradiction. In aesthetics, I believe the name given to this theory is Dadaism; in philosophy, nihilism; in psychiatry, schizophrenia. In the parlance of the theater, it is known as vaudeville.

    Neil Postman
  752. “...‘You can only be independent of God while you’ve got youth and prosperity; independence won’t take you safely to the end.’ Well, we’ve now got youth and prosperity right up to the end. What follows? Evidently, that we can be independent of God. ‘The religious sentiment will compensate us for all our losses.’ But there aren’t any losses for us to compensate; religious sentiment is superfluous. And why should we go hunting for a substitute for youthful desires, when youthful desires never fail? A substitute for distractions, when we go on enjoying all the old fooleries to the very last? What need have we of repose when our minds and bodies continue to delight in activity? of consolation, when we have soma? of something immovable, when there is the social order?”

    Aldous Huxley
  753. Parliamentary methods were discredited in the eyes of my generation.

    Czesław Miłosz
  754. Naphta:

    I can assure you that mankind is about to ... recognize that the task of true science is not pursuit of worthless information, but rather the elimination on principle of what is pernicious, even of what is merely without significance as an idea, and, in a word, to proclaim instinct, moderation, choice.

    Thomas Mann
  755. Advocates and practitioners of personalized and holistic education come from many cultures and perspectives. They include Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, John Dewey, Michael Duane, Kurt Hahn, Jiddu Krishnamurtu, Dorothy Heathcote, Jean Piaget, Maria Montessori, Sir Alec Clegg, Noam Chomsky, and many more.

    Ken RobinsonLou Aronica
  756. Whoever claims that force cannot suffice as an argument overlooks the character of politics, where the winner takes all. If it were possible to withdraw from politics, then the values of truth and ethics would hold. But it is not possible to withdraw, so all one can do is try to save these values or embody them in politics.

    Czesław Miłosz
  757. Television solved several important problems, but in solving them changed the nature of political discourse, led to a serious decline in literacy, and quite possibly made the traditional process of socializing children impossible.

    Neil Postman
  758. Walter Lippmann, for example, wrote in 1920: “There can be no liberty for a community which lacks the means by which to detect lies.” For all of his pessimism about the possibilities of restoring an eighteenth- and nineteenth-century level of public discourse, Lippmann assumed, as did Thomas Jefferson before him, that with a well-trained press functioning as a lie-detector, the public’s interest in a President’s mangling of the truth would be piqued, in both senses of that word. Given the means to detect lies, he believed, the public could not be indifferent to their consequences.

    Neil Postman
  759. We are not the flickering images playing out the drama in the movie screen, but the screen itself - a nonjudgemental witness of the unfolding movie of life, with no beginning and no end, infinite in its potential.

    David Hawkins
  760. Naphta:

    Either Ptolemy and scholastics are right, and the world is finite in time and space, which means that God is transcendent and the polarity of God and world is maintained, so that man, too, leads a dualistic existence, and the problem of his soul rests in the conflict between what his senses register and what transcends his senses, making all social issues entirely secondary... Or, conversely, your Renaisssance astronomers discovered the truth, and the cosmos is infinite, which means there is no world that transcends the senses, no dualism; the world beyond is absorbed into this world, the polarity of God and nature is annuled, and since the human personality is no longer the battlefield of two hostile principles, but rather harmonious and unified, all human conflict stems from the clash between the interests of the individual and of society as a whole, and so purposes of the stae become the law of morality, just as in good old heathen days. It's either one or the other.

    Thomas Mann
  761. Worry only creates problems for those around you. — One who is possessed by worry not only lacks the poise to solve his own problems, but by his nervousness and irritability creates additional problems for those around him.

    Bruce Lee
  762. Studies have documented that families who habitually eat dinner together seem to raise children with better homework skills, higher grades, greater emotional control, and more confidence. Making your bed every morning is correlated with better productivity, a greater sense of well-being, and stronger skills at sticking with a budget. It’s not that a family meal or a tidy bed causes better grades or less frivolous spending. But somehow those initial shifts start chain reactions that help other good habits take hold.

    Charles Duhigg
  763. If space is limitless ... then the difference in size between and electron and atom, a golf ball, a football, the moon, the Earth, Jupiter, is all irrelevant, because the context has no limit.

    Russell Brand
  764. Information pours upon us, instantaneously and continuosly. As soon as information is acquired, it is very rapidly replaced by still newer information. Our electrically configured world has forced us to move from the habit of data classification to the mode of pattern recogninition. We can no longer build serially, block-by-block, step-by-step, because instanct communication insures that all factors of the environment and of experience coexist in a state of active interplay.

    Marshall McLuhan
  765. The brain does not regard brain change as a problem. If we think of language as brain of civilization, then it is possible that severe language-damage may not be perceived by the social body as a problem. It is possible that we have adapted ourselves to disinformation, to Newspeak, to picture newspapers and magazines, to religion revealed in the form of entertainment, to politics in the form of a thirty-second television commercial. In adapting ourselves, we come to accept the present situation as the only available standard.

    Neil Postman
  766. No one can fully engage himself in activity knowing in advance that he will fail.

    Czesław Miłosz
  767. Naphta:

    A pedagogic method that regards itself as a daughter of the Enlightenment and employs educational methods based on criticism, on the liberation and nursuing of the ego, on the breaking down of ordained living patterns - such pedagogy may still achieve moments of rhetorical success, but for those who know and understand, it is, beyond all doubt, sublimely backward. All institutions dedicatated to genuine education have always known that there can be only one central truth in any pedagogy, and that is absolute authority and ironclad bound - discipline and sacrifice, renunciation of the ego and coercion of the personality. It is ultimately a cruel misunderstanding of youth to believe it will find its hearts' desire in freedom. Its deepest desire is to obey.

    Thomas Mann
  768. Was it inevitable that by 1995 American children would be watching 5,000 hours of television before entering the first grade, 19,000 hours by high school's end, and by age twenty would have seen 600,000 television commercials?

    Neil Postman
  769. As other newspapers join in the transformation, the time cannot be far off when awards will be given for the best investigative sentence.

    Neil Postman
  770. “But chastity means passion, chastity means neurasthenia. And passion and neurasthenia mean instability. And instability means the end of civilization. You can’t have a lasting civilization without plenty of pleasant vices.”

    Aldous Huxley
  771. Collective imagination is given shape through the discipline of form itself, and ... poetry is political in a totally different sense from the conventional use of the term.

    Czesław Miłosz
  772. Extra repetition is known as overlearning, and it doesn’t help long-term memory at all. Can you remember a single fact from the last school test you crammed for? Can you even remember the test itself?

    Gabriel Wyner
  773. In a lower state of consiousness, the universe is seen as negative and denying, frustrating and reluctant. It is like a bad, stingy parent. In a higher state of consiousness, our experience of universe changes. It now becomes like a giving, loving, unconditionally approving parent who wants us to have everything we want, and its ours for the asking.

    David Hawkins
  774. Unless one’s complaints are grounded in a sense of duty to one’s country or to a recognizable humane tradition, they are not worthy of serious attention.

    Neil Postman
  775. Do not anticipate the outcome. — The great mistake is to anticipate the outcome of the engagement; you ought not to be thinking of whether it ends in victory or in defeat.

    Bruce Lee
  776. Think, for example, of how words "community" and "conversation" are now employed by those who use the Internet. I have the impression that "community" is now used to mean, simply, people with similar interests, a considerable change from an older meaning: A community is made up if people which may not have similar interests but who must negotiate and resolve their differences for the sake of social harmony... As to "conversation", two (or more) people typing messages to each other are engaged in activity quite different from what is usually called a conversation.

    Neil Postman
  777. Print technology created the public. Electric technology created the mass. The public consists of separate individuals walking around with separate , fixed points of view. The new technology demands that we abandon the luxury of this posture, this fragmentary outlook.

    Marshall McLuhan
  778. Naphta:

    Opposites mayb very well be reconciled. But what is mediocre and makeshift will never be.

    Thomas Mann
  779. It has been demonstrated many times that a culture can survive misinformation and false opinion. It has not yet been demonstrated whether a culture can survive if it takes the measure of the world in twenty-two minutes. Or if the value of its news is determined by the number of laughs it provides.

    Neil Postman
  780. Emotional reactions has nothing to do with love, for love is a state of oneness with another. Love is not just an emotion that comes and goes. What often passes for love in common human understanding is primary attachment, dependency, and possessiveness.

    David Hawkins
  781. It is naive to suppose that something that has been expressed in one form can be expressed in another without significantly changing its meaning, texture or value. Much prose translates fairly well from one language to another, but we know that poetry does not; we may get a rough idea of the sense of a translated poem but usually everything else is lost, especially that which makes it an object of beauty. The translation makes it into something it was not. To take another example: We may find it convenient to send a condolence card to a bereaved friend, but we delude ourselves if we believe that our card conveys the same meaning as our broken and whispered words when we are present. The card not only changes the words but eliminates the context from which the words take their meaning. Similarly, we delude ourselves if we believe that most everything a teacher normally does can be replicated with greater efficiency by a micro-computer. Perhaps some things can, but there is always the question, What is lost in the translation? The answer may even be: Everything that is significant about education.

    Neil Postman
  782. Oaten and Cheng did one more experiment. They enrolled forty-five students in an academic improvement program that focused on creating study habits. Predictably, participants’ learning skills improved. And the students also smoked less, drank less, watched less television, exercised more, and ate healthier, even though all those things were never mentioned in the academic program. Again, as their willpower muscles strengthened, good habits seemed to spill over into other parts of their lives.

    Charles Duhigg
  783. You control the confrontation. — No one can hurt you unless you allow him to.

    Bruce Lee
  784. One becomes fastidious about method only when one has not story to tell.

    Neil Postman
  785. The poet, the artist, the slenth - whoever sharpens our perception tends to be antisocial; rarely "well-adjusted" he cannot go along with currents and trends.

    Marshall McLuhan
  786. Nothing is more deceptive than the apparent similarity between the Polish and Russian languages.

    Czesław Miłosz
  787. Settembrini:

    ... the intellect is sovereign, its will is free, it defines the moral world. If ut isolates death in a dualistic fashion, then by that act of intellectual will, death becomes real in actual fact - actu.... It becomes a force of its own opposed to life, an antagonistic principle, the great seduction - and its kingdom is lust.

    Thomas Mann
  788. ... all emotions towards others involve the basic belief that we are incomplete within ourselves and, therefore, others are viewed and utilized as a means to and end... We also discover that much of what we experience in a relationship is happening only in our imagination.

    David Hawkins
  789. The aim is to reach the point where I can fully contain the drama, where my defective conduct doesn't leak out into other people's life.

    Russell Brand
  790. One of the systems we use is called the LATTE method. We Listen to the customer, Acknowledge their complaint, Take action by solving the problem, Thank them, and then Explain why the problem occurred.

    Charles Duhigg
  791. (AP: Russian) poetry was like a magical incantation; everything was reduced to sounds. It was even free to mean nothing, since the creative stuff out of which it was made was not the world but the word. The intoxication of a chant, the intoxication of rhythm.

    Czesław Miłosz
  792. ... sportsman is a man of caution, who gets involved with the elements only as long as he knows he is their lord and master and prudently yields when he must.

    Thomas Mann
  793. To use the term "distance learning" to refer to students and teacher sending e-mail messages to each other may have some value, but it obscures the fact that the act of reading a books is the best example of distance learning possible, for reading not only triumphs over the limitations of space and co-presence bit of time as well.

    Neil Postman
  794. Both the history and the ever-present possibilities of the television screen work against the idea that introspection or spiritual transcendence is desirable in its presence. The television screen wants you to remember that its imagery is always available for your amusement and pleasure.

    Neil Postman
  795. Faraday had two qualities that more than made up for his lack of education: fantastic intuition and independence and originality of mind.

    Marshall McLuhan
  796. Our feelings and thoughts always have an effect on other persons and affect our relationships, whether these thoughts or feelings are verbalized, expressed, or not.

    David Hawkins
  797. We typically feel so much guilt about anger that we find it necessary to make the object of our anger "wrong" so that we can say our anger is "justified." Few are the persons who can take responsibility for their own anger and just say, "I am angry because I am full of angrinnss."

    David Hawkins
  798. I find it useful to ask of any technology that is marketed as indispensable, What problem does it solve for me? Will it advantages outweigh its disadvantages? Will it alter my habits and language, and if so, for better or worse? ... I will use technology when I judge it to be in my favor to do so. I resist being used by it. In some cases I may have moral objections. But in most instances, my objection is practical, and reason tells me to measure the results from that point of view.

    Neil Postman
  799. A person experiences life as something separated from the rest - a kind of optical delusion of consciousness. Our task must be to free ourselves from this self-imposed prison, and through compassions, to find the reality of Oneness.

    Albert Einstein
  800. You ran around in circle, toiling onward, with the feeling in your heart of doing something useful, when in fact you were tracing a wide, foolish arc that led back on itself...

    Thomas Mann
  801. (AP: Mayakovsky's) work welded revolutionary theory with the old dream Russians had of themselves as a chosen nation, and the two messianisms nourished each other: class as redeemer and nation as redeemer.

    Czesław Miłosz
  802. The world can only see us as we see ourselves.

    David Hawkins
  803. ... the wise man does not pursue wisdom but lives his life...

    Bruce Lee
  804. Rather than their reading Derrida, they ought to read Diderot, or Voltaire, Rousseau, Swifts, Madison, Condorcet, or many of the writers of the Enlightenment period who believed that, for all of the difficulties in mastering language, it is possible to say what you mean, to mean what you say, and to be silent when you have nothing to say.

    Neil Postman
  805. Professionalism is environmental. Amateurism is anti-environmental. Professionalism merges the individual into patterns of total environment. Amateurism seeks the development of the total awareness of the individual and the critical awareness of the ground rules of society. The amateur can afford to lose. The professional tends to classify and to specialize, to accept uncritically the ground rules of the environment.

    Marshall McLuhan
  806. Princeton University recently did a study revealing what those of us paying attention already know all too well: The United States is, in scientifically proven fact, not a democracy. They concluded that the U.S. is controlled by economic elites.

    Russell Brand
  807. Castorp:

    We don't form our dreams out of just our own soulds. We dream anonymously and communaly, though each in his own way. The great soul, of which we are just a little piece, dreams through us so to speak, dreams in our many different ways its own eternal secret dream - about its youth, its hope, its joy, its peace, and its bloody feast.

    Thomas Mann
  808. All those leaders seized the possibilities created by a crisis. During turmoil, organizational habits become malleable enough to both assign responsibility and create a more equitable balance of power. Crises are so valuable, in fact, that sometimes it’s worth stirring up a sense of looming catastrophe rather than letting it die down.

    Charles Duhigg
  809. The dividing line between good and evil cuts through every human heart.

    Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
  810. There is no great religious leader—from the Buddha to Moses to Jesus to Mohammed to Luther—who offered people what they want. Only what they need. But television is not well suited to offering people what they need. It is “user friendly.”

    Neil Postman
  811. We do not see anything as it is except through the questions we put to it.

    Neil Postman
  812. Mayakovsky symbolized for me the Russians' revolution and - who knows? - perhaps their whole eternally ambiguous civilization, so powerful, human, hungry for justice in literature, and so miserable and cruel in worldly affairs. It seemed as if they spent all their strength in extraordinary feats, leaving nothing for more modest desires of harmony and happiness, which they branded treason and weakness. Perhaps there was some truth to saying that the Russians, "being able to do more, cannot do less".

    Czesław Miłosz
  813. Greatness is the courage to overcome obstacles. It is the willingness to move to a higher level of love. It is the acceptance of others' humanness and having compassion for their suffering by putting ourselves in their shoes. Out of the forgiveness of others come self-forgiveness and the relief of guilt... With this increased awareness of who we really are comes the progressive invulnerability to pain. Once we compassionately accept our own humanness and that of others, we are no longer subject, for true humility is part of greatness.

    David Hawkins
  814. ... pride is devoid of love. Consequently, it is essentially destructive.

    David Hawkins
  815. Castorp:

    Man is the master of contradictions, they occur through him, and so he is more noble than they.

    Thomas Mann
  816. The thing of it is, we must live with the living.

    Michel de Montaigne
  817. It is meaningless to have answers if we do not know the questions that produces them… To have an answer without knowing the questions, without understanding that you might not have been given a different answer if the question had been posed differently, may be more than meaningless; it may be exceedingly dangerous.

    Neil Postman
  818. You develop an instant global consciousness, a people orientation, an intense dissatisfaction with the state of the world, and a compulsion to do something about it. From out there on the moon, international politics look so petty. You want to grab a politician by the scruff of the neck and drag him on quarter of a million miles and say, "Look at that, you son of a bitch".

    Edgar Mitchell
  819. The reward is in the action, not from it. — My only sure reward is “in” my actions and not “from” them. The quality of my reward is in the depth of my response, the centralness of the part of me I act from.

    Bruce Lee
  820. Good leaders seize crises to remake organizational habits.

    Charles Duhigg
  821. By endowing things with magic, enchantment is the means through which we may gain access to sacredness. Entertainment is the means through which we distance ourselves from it.

    Neil Postman
  822. The principles and rules of asking questions obviously differ as we move from of one system of knowledge to another.

    Neil Postman
  823. The young today reject goals. They want roles - R-O-L-E-S. That is, total involvement. They do not want fragmented, specialized goals or jobs.

    Marshall McLuhan
  824. Castorp:

    Love stands opposed to death - it alone, and not reason, is stringer than death. Only love, not reason, yields kind thoughts.

    Thomas Mann
  825. Intellectual pride leads to ignorance, and spiritual pride is the main block to spiritual development and maturation in everyone.

    David Hawkins
  826. When a customer used a Target-issued credit card, handed over a frequent-buyer tag at the register, redeemed a coupon that was mailed to their house, filled out a survey, mailed in a refund, phoned the customer help line, opened an email from Target, visited Target.com, or purchased anything online, the company’s computers took note. A record of each purchase was linked to that shopper’s Guest ID number along with information on everything else they’d ever bought.

    Also linked to that Guest ID number was demographic information that Target collected or purchased from other firms, including the shopper’s age, whether they were married and had kids, which part of town they lived in, how long it took them to drive to the store, an estimate of how much money they earned, if they’d moved recently, which websites they visited, the credit cards they carried in their wallet, and their home and mobile phone numbers. Target can purchase data that indicates a shopper’s ethnicity, their job history, what magazines they read, if they have ever declared bankruptcy, the year they bought (or lost) their house, where they went to college or graduate school, and whether they prefer certain brands of coffee, toilet paper, cereal, or applesauce.

    There are data peddlers such as InfiniGraph that “listen” to shoppers’ online conversations on message boards and Internet forums, and track which products people mention favorably. A firm named Rapleaf sells information on shoppers’ political leanings, reading habits, charitable giving, the number of cars they own, and whether they prefer religious news or deals on cigarettes. Other companies analyze photos that consumers post online, cataloging if they are obese or skinny, short or tall, hairy or bald, and what kinds of products they might want to buy as a result. (Target, in a statement, declined to indicate what demographic companies it does business with and what kinds of information it studies.)

    Charles Duhigg
  827. Politics, he tells him, is the greatest spectator sport in America. In 1966, Ronald Reagan used a different metaphor. “Politics,” he said, “is just like show business.”

    Neil Postman
  828. Newspapers purpose, in general, was to create a cosmopolitan citizenship, informed about he best ideas and most recent knowledge of the time.

    Neil Postman
  829. Know the difference between a catastrophe and an inconvenience. — To realize that it’s just an inconvenience, that it is not a catastrophe, but just an unpleasantness, is part of coming into your own, part of waking up.

    Bruce Lee
  830. None are more hopelessly enslaved than those who falsely believe they are free.

    Goethe
  831. Out of the reconginition of who we really are comes the desire to seek that which is uplifting. Out of it cries a new meaning and context for life. When that inner emptiness, due to lack of self-worth, is replaced by true self-love, self-respect and esteem, we no longer have to seek it in the world, for that source of happiness is within ourselves. It dawns on us that it cannot be supplied by the world anyway.

    David Hawkins
  832. The ear favors no particular "point of view." We are enveloped by sound. It forms a seamles web around us.

    Marshall McLuhan
  833. I was stretched, therefore, between two poles: the contemplation of motionless point and the command to participate actively in history; in other words, between transcendence and becoming. I did not manage to bring these extremes into a unity, but I did not want to give either of them up.

    Czesław Miłosz
  834. If we are still holding the fantasy that other people do not know our thoughts and feelings, just noticed that dogs quickly do.

    David Hawkins
  835. Confusion is our salvation. For the confused, there is still hope. Hang on to your confusion. In the end it is your best friend, your best defence against the deathliness of others' answers, against being raped by their ideas. If you are confused, you are still free.

    David Hawkins
  836. Settembrini:

    For the man who loves his fellow man, there can be no distinction between what is political and what is not. The apolitical does not exist - everything is politics.

    Thomas Mann
  837. For what is communicated are orders ... those who give them are also those who tell us what they think of them.

    Guy Debord
  838. As language itself creates culture in its own image, each new medium of communication re-creates or modifies culture in its image; and it is extreme naïveté to believe that a medium of communication or, indeed, any technology is merely a tool, a way of doing. Each is also a way of seeing. To a man with a hammer, everything looks like a nail. To a man with a pencil, everything looks like a sentence; to a man with a television camera, everything looks like a picture, and to a man with a computer, the whole world looks like a data.

    Neil Postman
  839. If politics is like show business, then the idea is not to pursue excellence, clarity or honesty but to appear as if you are, which is another matter altogether.

    Neil Postman
  840. The discovery of the alphabet will create forgetfulness in the learners' souls, because they will not use their memories; they will trust to the external written characters and not remember of themselves... You give your disciples not truth, but only semblance of truth; they will be heroes of many things, and will have learned nothing; they will appear to be omniscient and will generally know nothing.

    Socrates
  841. If you use your Target credit card to purchase a box of Popsicles once a week, usually around 6:30 p.m. on a weekday, and megasized trash bags every July and October, Target’s statisticians and computer programs will determine that you have kids at home, tend to stop for groceries on your way back from work, and have a lawn that needs mowing in the summer and trees that drop leaves in the fall. It will look at your other shopping patterns and notice that you sometimes buy cereal, but never purchase milk—which means that you must be buying it somewhere else. So Target will mail you coupons for 2 percent milk, as well as for chocolate sprinkles, school supplies, lawn furniture, rakes, and—since it’s likely you’ll want to relax after a long day at work—beer. The company will guess what you habitually buy, and then try to convince you to get it at Target. The firm has the capacity to personalize the ads and coupons it sends to every customer, even though you’ll probably never realize you’ve received a different flyer in the mail than your neighbors.

    Charles Duhigg
  842. The greatest ally of any ideology is, of course, the feeling of guilt, which is so highly developed in modern man that it saps his belief in the value of his own perceptions and judgements.

    Czesław Miłosz
  843. All desire is the inappropriate substitute for the desire to be one with God.

    Radhanath Swami
  844. Settembrini:

    Language is civilization itself. The Word, even the most contradictory word, binds us together. Wordlessness isolates.

    Thomas Mann
  845. "When you laugh, the world laughs with you; but when you cry, you cry alone" (AP: common saying)

    David Hawkins
  846. We have three major ways of handling emotions: suppression, expression, and escape.

    David Hawkins
  847. Information was not thought of as a commodity to be sold. It had no separate existence, as it does in our age, specifically, it was not thought to be worthwhile unless it was embedded in a context, unless it gave shape, texture, or authority to a political, social, or scientific concept, which itself was required to fit into some world-view.

    Neil Postman
  848. The change is from inner to outer. — We start by dissolving our attitude not by altering outer conditions.

    Bruce Lee
  849. The highest purpose is to have no purpose at all. This put sone in accord with nature in her manner of operation.

    John Cage
  850. One did not give information to make another "informed". One gave information to make another do something or feel something, and the doing and feeling were themselves part of a larger idea. Information was rhetorical instrument, and this idea did not greatly change until the mid-nineteenth century.

    Neil Postman
  851. The problem with Marxism is that it placed economics of the hearth of socialism.

    Adam Curtis
  852. From the dreams spun by nineteenth-century Socialists about a perfect society, nothing had really bean salvaged. Instead, the foreground was dominated by the Hegelian conviction that certain phases will inevitably be victorious over others: that things are as they are, and we are not responsible.

    Czesław Miłosz
  853. A movement starts because of the social habits of friendship and the strong ties between close acquaintances.

    It grows because of the habits of a community, and the weak ties that hold neighborhoods and clans together.

    And it endures because a movement’s leaders give participants new habits that create a fresh sense of identity and a feeling of ownership.

    Usually, only when all three parts of this process are fulfilled can a movement become self-propelling and reach a critical mass. There are other recipes for successful social change and hundreds of details that differ between eras and struggles. But understanding how social habits work helps explain why Montgomery and Rosa Parks became the catalyst for a civil rights crusade.

    Charles Duhigg
  854. They carried everything to extremes, these two, as was probably necessary for the sake of argument, and squabbled fiercely over the most extreme choices, whereas ... what one might, in a spirit of concilation, declare truly human or humane had to lie somewhere in the middle of this intolerant contentiousness, somewhere between rhetorical humanism and illiterate barbarism.

    Thomas Mann
  855. An American who has reached the age of forty will have seen well over one million television commercials in his or her lifetime, and has close to another million to go before the first Social Security check arrives.

    Neil Postman
  856. Radio, for example, made it unnecessary for people to read to each other, or to read a all. Movies led people out of their homes; television brought them back but not to read.

    Neil Postman
  857. The prideful person is contantly on the defensive because of the vulnerability of inflation and denial.

    David Hawkins
  858. Addiction begins with pain and ends with pain.

    Eckhart Tolle
  859. Everyone is in the best seat.

    John Cage
  860. Behind the "I can'ts" or the "I won'ts" is freequently a fear. Then, when we look at the truth of what is behind the feeling, we have already moved up the scale from apathy to fear. Fear is higher energy state than apathy. Fear at least begins to motivate us into action, and, in that action, we can again surrender fear and move up to anger or pride or courage, all of which are higher states than apathy.

    David Hawkins
  861. Every dram is played only once on the stage of history; and if it is performed a second time, the tragedy is contaminated by the elements of bloody farce.

    Czesław Miłosz
  862. If we look at pride, we see that its often a substitute for genuine self-esteem.

    David Hawkins
  863. Tomorrow you will awake frightened and alone.

    Rumi
  864. Don’t fear failure. — Not failure, but low aim, is the crime. In great attempts it is glorious even to fail.

    Bruce Lee
  865. Formely the problem was to invent new forms of labor-saving. Today, the reverse is the problem. Now we have to adjust, not to invent. We have to find the environments in which it will be possible to live with our new inventions.

    Marshall McLuhan
  866. Behrens:

    We come out of darkness and return to darkness, with some experiences in between. But we don't experience the beginning and the end, birth and death. We are not subjectively aware of them, they exist only on the world of objective events...

    Thomas Mann
  867. "Watching television" is something quite different from "watching a television program". The later implies a selection, the former a compulsion.

    Neil Postman
  868. capitalism, like science and liberal democracy, was an outgrowth of the Enlightenment. Its principal theorists, even its most prosperous practitioners, believed capitalism to be based on the idea that both buyer and seller are sufficiently mature, well informed and reasonable to engage in transactions of mutual self-interest.

    Neil Postman
  869. Capitalism is the extraordinary belief that the nastiest of men for the nastiest of motives will somehow work for the benefit of all.

    John Maynard Keynes
  870. A liberal is someone who opposes interference in the affairs of others: who is tolerant of dissenting attitudes and unconventional behavior. Liberals have historically favored keeping other people out of our lives, leaving individuals the maximum space in which to live and flourish as they choose. In their extreme form, such attitudes are associated today with self-styled ‘libertarians’, but the term is largely redundant. Most genuine liberals remain disposed to leave other people alone.

    Social democrats, on the other hand, are something of a hybrid. They share with liberals a commitment to cultural and religious tolerance. But in public policy social democrats believe in the possibility and virtue of collective action for the collective good. Like most liberals, social democrats favor progressive taxation in order to pay for public services and other social goods that individuals cannot provide themselves; but whereas many liberals might see such taxation or public provision as a necessary evil, a social democratic vision of the good society entails from the outset a greater role for the state and the public sector.

    Tony Judt
  871. In Polish literature there are no characters like Dostoyevsky's Alyosha or Prince Mishkin, who symbolize the dilemma: "either all good or no good at all".

    Czesław Miłosz
  872. The company assigned players a “predicted lifetime value,” and software built calendars that anticipated how often they would visit and how much they would spend. The company tracked customers through loyalty cards and mailed out coupons for free meals and cash vouchers; telemarketers called people at home to ask where they had been. Casino employees were trained to encourage visitors to discuss their lives, in the hopes they might reveal information that could be used to predict how much they had to gamble with. One Harrah’s executive called this approach “Pavlovian marketing.” The company ran thousands of tests each year to perfect their methods. Customer tracking had increased the company’s profits by billions of dollars, and was so precise they could track a gambler’s spending to the cent and minute.

    Charles Duhigg
  873. Time is the element of narration, just as it is the element of life - is inextricably bound up with it, as bodies are in space.

    Thomas Mann
  874. We need to establish a few immutable, nonnegotiable principles, mostly to respect the planet and individual freedom, then look at who is benefitting from things being the way they are now, and using no violence when we approach them and no titles when we address them, politely insist they give us our plant back.

    Russell Brand
  875. Propaganda ends where dialogue begins.

    Marshall McLuhan
  876. The people can always be brought to the bidding of the leaders. That is easy. All you have to do is tell them they are being attacked and denounce the pacifists for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger. It works the same way in any country.

    Hermann Göring
  877. When we stop wanting to be liked, we find that we are. When we stop catering to others and trying to manipulate their approval, we find that they do respect us.

    David Hawkins
  878. When pride and self-inflation have been relinquished, there is an inner security that takes their place. When we no longer called upon to defend our image, criticism and attacks from others diminish and finally stop. When we let go of our need for validation to prove ourselves right, then the challenges against us fall away.

    David Hawkins
  879. In the television-commercial parables, the root cause of evil is Technological Innocence, a failure to know the particulars of the beneficent accomplishments of the industrial process.

    Neil Postman
  880. Projection is the main mechanism in use by the world today. It accounts for all wars, strife, and civil disorder. Hating the enemy is even encouraged in order to become a "good citizen". We maintain our own self-esteem at the expense of others and, eventually, this results in social breakdown. The mechanism of projection underlies all atack, violence, aggression, and every form of social destruction.

    David Hawkins
  881. A group of miners buried by a cave-in, and cut off from observing the sequence of day and nightm were rescued at last and guessed the period of time they had spent in the dark, between hope and despair, at three days. And it had been ten. One would think that in such an agonizing situation time would have had to have seemed longer to them. And yet it had shrunk to less than a third of its objective proportions. And judging from that, it appears that under confusing conditions, man in his helplessness tends to experience time in a greatly diminished form rather than to overestimate it.

    Thomas Mann
  882. Television is the new state religion run by a private Ministry of Culture (the three networks), offering a universal curriculum for all people, financed by a form of hidden taxation without representation. You pay when you wash, not when you watch, and whether or not you care to watch.

    George Gerbner
  883. ...why political philosophy had been obscured in public debates by classical economics.

    Tony Judt
  884. Electric circuitry is Orientalizing the West. The contained, the distinct, the separate - our Western legacy - are being replaced by the flowing, the unified, the fused.

    Marshall McLuhan
  885. By substituting images for claims, the pictorial commercial made emotional appeal, not tests of truth, the basis of consumer decisions.

    Neil Postman
  886. The slot machine was programmed to deliver three outcomes: a win, a loss, and a “near miss,” in which the slots almost matched up but, at the last moment, failed to align. None of the participants won or lost any money. All they had to do was watch the screen as the MRI recorded their neurological activity.

    “We were particularly interested in looking at the brain systems involved in habits and addictions,” Habib told me. “What we found was that, neurologically speaking, pathological gamblers got more excited about winning. When the symbols lined up, even though they didn’t actually win any money, the areas in their brains related to emotion and reward were much more active than in non-pathological gamblers.

    “But what was really interesting were the near misses. To pathological gamblers, near misses looked like wins. Their brains reacted almost the same way. But to a nonpathological gambler, a near miss was like a loss. People without a gambling problem were better at recognizing that a near miss means you still lose.”

    Two groups saw the exact same event, but from a neurological perspective, they viewed it differently. People with gambling problems got a mental high from the near misses—which, Habib hypothesizes, is probably why they gamble for so much longer than everyone else: because the near miss triggers those habits that prompt them to put down another bet. The nonproblem gamblers, when they saw a near miss, got a dose of apprehension that triggered a different habit, the one that says I should quit before it gets worse.

    It’s unclear if problem gamblers’ brains are different because they are born that way or if sustained exposure to slot machines, online poker, and casinos can change how the brain functions.

    ...

    Gaming companies are well aware of this tendency, of course, which is why in the past decades, slot machines have been reprogrammed to deliver a more constant supply of near wins.

    Charles Duhigg
  887. Poland weighed on us. To live there was like walking on a sheet of ice underneath which grimaced a million deformed, nightmarish faces. The lack of a uniform standard made it impossible to take a man "as he is" - the forefront of the picture was always dominated by his status: white-collar, peasant, Jew.

    Czesław Miłosz
  888. Liberation cannot be accomplished by turning [television] off. Television is for most people the most attractive thing going any time of the day or night. We live in a world in which the vast majority will not turn off. If we don’t get the message from the tube, we get it through other people.

    George Gerbner
  889. Apathy and depression are the prices we pay for having settled for and bought into our smallness. It's what we get for having played the victim and allowed ourselves to be programmed. It's the price we pay for having bought into negativity.

    David Hawkins
  890. Daily progress. — Make at least one definite move daily toward your goal.

    Bruce Lee
  891. Castorp:

    Insults must be done with intention, or they are not insults.

    Thomas Mann
  892. “liberty will be no more, in the eyes of an avid nation, than the necessary condition for the security of financial operations.” The revolutions of the age risked fostering confusion between the freedom to make money . . . and freedom itself.

    Tony Judt
  893. One of the great mistakes is to judge policies and programs by their intentions rather than their results.

    Milton Friedman
  894. (AP: French) would have quaked had someone told them that if they carried rebellion to its conclusion, it would mean no more little bakeries, no more package-good stores or bistros with their cats dozing in the sun behind the windowpane. Theirs was always a secure revolt because their bitterness and their nihilism rested on the tacit understanding that thought and action was measured by different standards: thought, even the most violent, did not offend custom. Any other nation, had it permitted itself such a dose of poison, would have long ago ceased to exist; for France it was healthy. Only when carried to different soil did her slogans, books, and programs reveal their destructive force, among the people who tool the printed word literally.

    Czesław Miłosz
  895. This is where television news is at its most radical - not in the giving publicity to radical causes, but in producing the impression of an ungovernable world.

    Neil Postman
  896. What the advertiser needs to know is not what is right about the product but what is wrong about the buyer. And so, the balance of business expenditures shifts from product research to market research.

    Neil Postman
  897. We can simplify the levels of consciousness into three major states: inert, energetic, and peaceful.

    David Hawkins
  898. What Freud actually said, in classical psychoanalysis, was that repressed impulse or feeling was to be neutralized, sublimated, socialized, and channeled into constructive drives of love, work and creativity.

    David Hawkins
  899. Civilization is a race between education and catastrophe.

    H. G. Wells
  900. Settembrini:

    The courage of self-recognition and expression - that is literature, that is humanity.

    Thomas Mann
  901. The change in the meaning of information was largely generated by invention of telegraphy and photography in the 1840s. Telegraphy, in particular, gave legitimacy to the idea of context-free information; that is, to the idea that the value of information need not be tied to any function it might server in social and political life. It may exist by itself, as a means of satisfying curiosity and offering novelty. The telegraph made information into a commodity, a "thing" desirable in itself, separate from its possible uses and meaning. In the process, telegraphy made public discourse essentially incoherent. It brought into being a world of broken time and broken attention, to use Mumford's phrase. The principal strength of the telegraph was its capacity to move information not collect it, explain it, or analyze it.

    Neil Postman
  902. A sixty-second commercial is prolix; thirty seconds is longer than most; fifteen to twenty seconds is about average. This is a brash and startling structure for communication since, as I remarked earlier, the commercial always addresses itself to the psychological needs of the viewer. Thus it is not merely therapy. It is instant therapy. Indeed, it puts forward a psychological theory of unique axioms: The commercial asks us to believe that all problems are solvable, that they are solvable fast, and that they are solvable fast through the interventions of technology, techniques and chemistry. This is, of course, a preposterous theory about the roots of discontent, and would appear so to anyone hearing or reading it.

    Neil Postman
  903. ... There are a lot of payoffs to blame. We get to be innocent; we get to enjoy self-pity; we get to be martyr and the victim; and we get to be the recipients of sympathy.

    David Hawkins
  904. Every man today is the result of his thoughts of yesterday.

    Bruce Lee
  905. ...we cannot continue to evaluate our world and the choices we make in a moral vacuum.

    Tony Judt
  906. A co-operative is an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly owned and democratically controlled enterprise.

    Russell Brand
  907. Peeperkorn:

    ... it is our duty, our religious duty to feel. Our feeling ... is our manly vigor, which awakens life. Life slumbers. It wants to be awakened roused to drunken nuptials with divine feeling. Because feeling is ... divine. Man himself is divine in that he feels. He os the very feeling of God. God created him in order to feel through him. Man is nothing more that the organ by which God consumates his marriage with awakened and intoxicated life. And if man fails to feel, it is an eruption of divine disgrace, it is the defeat of God's manly vigor, a cosmic catastrophe, a horror that never leaves the mind.

    Thomas Mann
  908. Like telegraphy, photography re-creates the world as a series of idiosyncratic events. There is no beginning, middle, or end in a world of photographs. as there is none implied by telegraphy. The world is atomized. There is only a present, and it need not be part of any story that can be told.

    Neil Postman
  909. Escape is the avoidance of feelings though diversion. This avoidance is the backbone of the entertainment and liquor industries, and also the route of the workaholic.

    David Hawkins
  910. ... once you understand that habits can change, you have the freedom—and the responsibility—to remake them. Once you understand that habits can be rebuilt, the power of habit becomes easier to grasp, and the only option left is to get to work.

    Charles Duhigg
  911. This was a far cry from the meritocratic Ottoman period, when only by dint of an education could a man of humble background hope to rise through the ranks, get rich, and become a pasha.

    Orhan Pamuk
  912. Carl Jung pointed out that, because God is one of the major archetypes in the unconscious, each person has to take a position about God whether they like it or not.

    David Hawkins
  913. Everything can be taken from a man but one thing: the last of human freedoms - to choose one's attitude in any given set of circuimstances, to choose one's own way.

    Viktor Frankl
  914. Attentiveness, the gift that renders one aware of the presence of another man.

    Czesław Miłosz
  915. Just as it is natural for a physicist upon reaching his deepest understandings to be drawn forward religion, so it is natural for a mature philosopher to turn forward the problems of education.

    Neil Postman
  916. For example, a person who has seen one million television commercials might well believe that all political problems have fast solutions through simple measures—or ought to.

    Neil Postman
  917. "Mythinformation" is an almost religious conviction that at the root of our difficulties - social, political, ecological, psychological - it the fact that we do not have enough information. This, in spite of everyone's having access to books, newspapers, magazines, radios, television, movies, photographs, videos, CDs, billboards, telephones, junk mail, and, recently, the Internet.

    Neil Postman
  918. Why do you as an individual depend on thousands of years of propaganda? Ideals, principles, the “what should be” leads to hypocrisy.

    Bruce Lee
  919. A teacher is never a giver of truth; he is a guide, a pointer to the truth that each student must find for himself. A good teacher is merely a catalyst.

    Bruce Lee
  920. In a survey of English schoolboys taken in 1949, it was discovered that the more intelligent the boy the more likely he was to choose an interesting career at a reasonable wage over a job that would merely pay well. Today’s schoolchildren and college students can imagine little else but the search for a lucrative job.

    Tony Judt
  921. People are desperate to stay unconscious... People are terrified of facing themselves. They dread even a moment of aloneness. Thus the constant frantic activities: the endless socializing, talking, texting, reading, music playing, working, travelling, sightseeing, shopping, overeating, gambling, movie-going, pill-taking, drug-using, and cocktail-partying.

    David Hawkins
  922. I could well image crowds of populists, demagogues, nationalists, and postcommunists who would exploit every delay to argue, with increasing urgency, that the arrogant, consumerist, and selfish West neither recognized us nor wanted us, and therefore we must go our own way.

    Let us understand what that way would have entailed: it would have meant authoritarian governments flying, instead of abondoned red flag, the flag of nationalism, beneath which it would hide its own Mafia-like practices, and privatization of everything into its own hands. And reawakened nationalism would necessary lead to a new danger of confrontation. Nationalists may well be as alike as two peas in a pod, but this doesn't necessary lead to brotherhood; on the contrary: nationalist ideologies are essentially confrontational.

    Václav Havel
  923. We have more faith in what we imitate than in what we originate.

    Bruce Lee
  924. If our schools are not working and democratic principles are losing their force, that has nothing to do with insufficient information.

    Neil Postman
  925. Writers like Pierre Loti, by contrast, make no secret of loving Istanbul and the Turkish people for the opposite reason: for the preservation of their eastern particularity and their resistance to becoming western.

    Orhan Pamuk
  926. Blame is the world's greatest excuse. It enables us to remain limited and small without feeling guilty. But there is a cost - the loss of our freedom. Also, the role of victim brings with it a self-perception of weakness, vulnerability, and helplessness, which are the major components of apathy and depression.

    David Hawkins
  927. The end of man is action and not thought, though it be of the noblest.

    Bruce Lee
  928. Just as a television commercial will use an athlete, an actor, a musician, a novelist, a scientist or a countess to speak for the virtues of a product in no way within their domain of expertise, television also frees politicians from the limited field of their own expertise. Political figures may show up anywhere, at any time, doing anything, without being thought odd, presumptuous, or in any way out of place. Which is to say, they have become assimilated into the general television culture as celebrities.

    Neil Postman
  929. ...much like Lord Reith’s BBC, with its self-assigned obligation to raise popular standards rather than condescend to them.

    Tony Judt
  930. It is like a finger pointing a way to the moon. Don’t concentrate on the finger or you will miss all that heavenly glory.

    Bruce Lee
  931. Defensiveness invites attack.

    David Hawkins
  932. ... European Union today is letting itself be dragged, with no resistance, in the same general direction as the rest of global civilization; it's driven by the idea of growth, the creation of profit at any price, development and prosperity, although unfortunately utterly one-dimensional... Europe could be an inspiration, an example of how to try to think not only of quantity but also of quality, how not to think merely about momentary short-term material success but also about qualitative, indirect, long-term success, to revive the tradition of responsibility for the world that its culture once helped to articulate.

    Václav Havel
  933. All religions are true in that the metaphor is true.

    Joseph Campbell
  934. As most meditators have discovered, achieving silence of the mind is the main problem of meditation itself. This is because supressed feelings constantly produce thoughts, which are the main distractions in meditation. Acknowledging and letting go of the energy behind these supressed feelings, therefore, facilitates the goal of meditation. When the feeling behind the train of thoughs is located and surrendered, then that entire train of though instantly stops.

    David Hawkins
  935. Men who understand their place in the world differently cannot be measured by a common standard.

    Czesław Miłosz
  936. Independent inquiry is needed in your search for truth, not dependence on anyone else’s view or a mere book.

    Bruce Lee
  937. Information consists of statements about the facts of the world. Facts cannot be wrong. They are what they are. Statements about facts - that is, information - can be wrong and often are.

    Neil Postman
  938. As Xenophanes remarked twenty-five centuries ago, men always make their gods in their own image. But to this, television politics has added a new wrinkle: Those who would be gods refashion themselves into images the viewers would have them be.

    Neil Postman
  939. Pomposity is the triumph of style over substance.

    Neil Postman
  940. Pride goes before a fall.

    David Hawkins
  941. It seems to me that Europe is in danger of losing its spiritual dimension in a flood of trivial concerns, such as what kind of tariids ought to be imposed. It's as though some fundamental discourse about the direction of the world today were lacking, a discourse about the dangers inherent in that direction, and the role that this unique community of nations can play against this planetary background.

    Václav Havel
  942. We have to be honest and realize that we are blaming because we choose to blame. This is true, no matter how justified circuimstances may appear to be.

    David Hawkins
  943. What was the meaning of the statement that "America will be destroyed by fire, England by fire and water, and Russia by a falling piece of the moon?". After that, an era of reborn humanity was to follow, the reconciliation of religion and science and the triumph of one universal Church.

    Czesław Miłosz
  944. At parenting, you want to relinquish expectations and personal favoritisms.

    David Hawkins
  945. Tradition enslaves the mind. — Classical methods and tradition make the mind a slave — you are no longer an individual, but merely a product. Your mind is the result of a thousand yesterdays.

    Bruce Lee
  946. ... at moments it's almost impossible to know whether you're in an airport in Tokyo, a hotel lobby in Los Angeles, or a hypermarket on the outskirts of Prague. The pressure towards soulless uniformity that is perceptible everywhere today - despite the seemingly endless array of choices among a seemingly infinite array of products pretending to be different from one another - poses a great threat to all forms of uniqueness. Without even being aware of it we are subtly made more alike...

    Václav Havel
  947. Keynes, as we have seen, regarded economic planning much as he did pure market theory: in order to succeed, both required impossibly perfect data.

    Tony Judt
  948. Modern man's bitterness and sorrow, already so apparent in Byron, has only one source: the mind's image of matter as infinite, as subject to time without end and without beginning, which provokes a cosmic terror before a universe that exists nowhere. Hence the question he constantly asks of himself, walking and sleeping: Where is space? The Newtonian universe is a prison.

    Czesław Miłosz
  949. Euphemism ... is that form of balderdash wherein we attempt to obscure the nature of reality.

    Neil Postman
  950. The real source of "stess" is actually internal... The readiness to react with fear, for instance, depends on how much fear is already present within to be triggered by a stimulus... To the fearful person, this world is terrifying place... What we are holding inside colors our world. If we let go of guilt, we will see innocense; however, a guilt-ridden person will see only evil. The basic rule is that we focus on what we have repressed.

    David Hawkins